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The French Revolution: The Profession of Faith by Rousseau - Assignment Example

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The "The French Revolution: The Profession of Faith by Rousseau" paper focuses on "The Profession of Faith" where Rousseau attempts at analyzing God and Religion. This passage is part of the Priest’s introspection of what his duties are as a human being.  …
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The French Revolution: The Profession of Faith by Rousseau
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Download file to see previous pages To decipher the “rules I ought to prescribe myself in order to fulfill my destiny on earth according to the intention of Him who put me there”. Consistent with the rest of the text, Rousseau emphasizes the significance of honest sentiment and its interpretation to draw out theological truths.

The Priest explores four stages of theological inquiry. The first stage talks about our sense organs and their function. The next stage discusses God and his properties, while the third analyses our position in the universe and society. Finally, the fourth stage talks about how we should conduct our lives. The passage in the discussion is part of the narrative about the last stage.

Rousseau is constructing analysis to find out his purpose and destiny. He is trying to read God’s motive in placing him on earth. He wants to find out what his moral duties are. He turns to the feeling of his heart and the sentiment expressed by it, to deduce his duties. Rousseau argues that, while reason and evidence are appropriate tools for discovering truths, they are capable of misleading too. But, paying close attention to the voice of one’s heart, the conscience, will reveal nothing but the truth. The priest infers, “Conscience is the voice of the soul; the passions are the voice of the body”. Our senses are linked to our bodies and ultimately to passions, which don’t necessarily correspond to morality. The priest cites examples of passionate feelings that had misled mankind in the past. He infers that while bodily instincts and feelings arising out of our passions can hold different values on the moral scale, the conscience, which acts as the instinct in the soul, assumes a flawless moral conviction.

One does not have to look beyond his own inner voice to understand what is moral. He alludes that external sources of knowledge, which include professions by other philosophers as well as judgments formed via our senses are not trusted worthy. Rousseau places strong faith in what his conscience conveys to him.  ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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