The essay "Freud and Marx and Their Contribution to the Understanding of Modern Society" concerns the Freud and Marx's ideas concerning modern society. Thus, Modern society is defined by the repression of individual sexual expression & contrasted with postmodern society…
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For Freud was pleased with the critical review that his Italian disciple
had come up with: "I am glad you have shown yourself to be courageous and honest, as always."[ Roazen 2000, page 4]
However, the closer we may seem to be in easily understanding his works and get to a conclusion of our own, the more complicated our thinking process about him becomes. As for citing an example, the following citation goes: In his Civilization and Its Discontents (1930) he would make no bones about why he thought the love for humanity was both unrealistic and undesirable. In a way Freud had given away his true sentiments even in his letter to Rolland, when he put the love of mankind on the same level as the necessity for technology, which Freud like other Europeans of his time looked on with at best mixed feelings[Roazen 2000, page5]. Further, His book Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious is one of the most complicated ones he ever wrote, and attracts little attention nowadays. That text is littered with examples of the worldly wisdom which can be communicated through jokes. Freud's dry cynicism was frequently reported. We know a bit about how much he appreciated Mark Twain's public appearances in Vienna. Like all complex figures Freud had his multiple contradictions, but he harnessed them into making the great literature he left which is still capable of enlivening debates today. It remains for the future to determine whether Freud will in the end succeed
in ranking with thinkers like Machiavelli, Hobbes, Rousseau, and others who disturbed the sleep of the world [Roazen 2000, page 8]. By withdrawing all their liberated energies into their life on earth, they will probably succeed in achieving a state of things in which life will...
The citizen in modem society, laboring, according to Freud, under a heavy burden of unconscious guilt, does not recognize it; he only feels a "sort of uneasiness or discontent for which other motivations are ~ought."The patient does not recognize this sense of guilt either. "As far as the patient is concerned this sense of guilt is dumb; it does not tell him he is guilty; he does not feel guilty, he feels ill."4 Freud seems to suggest, however, that the "pale criminal" or "criminal from a sense of guilt," can, in fact, partially recognize his unconscious guilt.' This type of criminal, Freud tells us, does not feel guilty because he commits crimes; rather he commits crimes because he suffers from an oppressive pre-existing sense of guilt which he cannot account for. Freud implicitly did, the idea of unconscious guilt as a means of changing and restructuring society? I suggest that they did, that the crisis of pestilence was also an opportunity, an opportunity to topple rulers, banish one's political opponents, and change the form of regime. The process of purification was an integral part of classical politics. Freud finally comes to the conclusion, in Civilization and Its Discontents, that since society will not see that it is sick, and would resist treatment, in any case, the only hope for society lies in its being coerced into receiving therapy". Any problem which society experienced could be explained as the result of an unconscious sense of guilt, due to the fathers having sinned even centuries earlier.
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“Modern Society Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1505436-freud-and-marx-and-their-contribution-to-the-understanding-of-modern-society.
Marx saw history as an unfolding process of growth and development in which one form of political economy gave way to another. Thus in ancient times, there was slave-based economy. Then there was feudal serfdom. Thereafter came the rise of industry and capitalism, typified by the 1789 French Revolution.
The conflicts begin when the mind-level pundits, preachers and mullahs argue. Each one of them is speaking from the level of his spiritual progression and it is but natural that they will not agree with each other. From their levels, they will never be able to!
Generally, postmodernism can be defined as a way of looking and approaching traditional ideas in a non-traditional approach. As stipulated by postmodernism believers, everything is subject to change in arts and architecture sectors.
Working in Modern Society Name Professor Course Date Introduction Work has drastically changed in modern America this is because societies, firms, and factories industrializing. Modern work in factories, industries, offices, and any other place are characterized by supervision, speed, and subdivision, which are characterized by differentiated concepts between traditional work and modern work.
Punishment is given by those is power, in bureaucracy by means of "legal procedures" or by cultural and social isolation. It is usually given to overcome anger felt, or to replenish the injury or harm given by some one. On the whole it seems, the scope and basis of modern punishment is applicable in today's world more than it did in 1970s.
There is, however, no generally accepted theory of modernization.
An excellent critique of modernization theory and studies has been offered by Dean Tipps, and his comments are worth examining in some detail. Tipps points out that the concept "modernization" is relatively new, and that those who theorize about it have been largely influenced by evolutionary and structural-functionalist perspectives:
The author discusses the theory of anomie by Emile Durkheim and his views on punishment and its functional role. In the end the paper compares the views of both these great thinkers and presents the conclusion. The purpose of punishment is to give justice to the victim and to discourage other people from following the same action.
The counter argument may provide theories and statement that explain why the modern society is not highly dependable on technology.
My position on this topic would support the claim that modern society in too dependent on technology. This can be supported by survey
Iran is a Muslim country with a rich heritage and civilization and remained independent throughout much of its history. Iran has attempted to change consistently after the 1950s. In the 20th century, the Islamic revolution brought about change in the society by introducing educated and modern class into it.
This essay strives to show the society’s alienation and exploitation ways. Alienation divides into three distinct clusters namely self-alienation, alienation from other people, and alienation from the world. Self-alienation is a situation where man wholly alienates himself from himself.
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