Nobody downloaded yet

Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues) - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Plato - Apology Question One The term form refers to an abstract quality or property. To contemplate about an object, one needs to take any property of a given object, and separate it from the object (consider it as a different entity from the object)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.1% of users find it useful
Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues)
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues)"

Download file to see previous pages Therefore, the form is not a mere idea of roundness in the mind. It exists independently from the basketball and individual thinking of it. It then follows that all round objects, including basketball, copy or participates in this form of roundness. To enhance our understanding of the difference between the properties of forms and those of material objects, there is need to examine the first two properties of forms. Forms are transcendent, that is, they do not exist in time and space. However, a material object, like a basketball, exists in time and space. The roundness of a form does not exist at any particular time or place, thus forms subsist in different ways. This is important as it explains the unchanging property of forms. The roundness property of a basketball will never change: it remains the same at all places and times of instantiation. The form of roundness in present in many spatial locations, and the property or roundness would remain even after the destruction of all round objects (192). The second property of forms is purity. Any material object, like a basketball, has various properties: elasticity, roundness, and others, which combine to make the individual basketball. A form is one of the many properties, existing individually apart from time and space. Roundness is purely roundness, without any mixture of properties. The differentiation factors between forms and material objects are pure and transcendent properties, as materials incorporate complex conglomeration of properties in time and space. According to Plato’s principle, humans believe that the reality of a thing dependents on its objectivity. This is because humans tend to distinguish reality and appearance. However, forms are more objective than material objectives, thus forms are more real than the material objects. One of the properties of the soul is eternity. Drawing from the unchanging property of forms, then it means that the soul never dies, nor does it ever begin. It then follows that the soul is immortal, and thus exists before and after the “birth” of the body. Question Two In the Apology, there are four charges against Socrates. First, Socrates faces accusation for studying things in the heavens and below the earth. Second, he tends to make the worst arguments into better arguments, thus persuading others to follow him and his beliefs. Third, he is guilty of corrupting young people, and fourth, he does not believe in the gods of the city. The charge against studying matters of the skies and the ground below contradicts Socrates position as an atheist. Matters of heavens and beneath the earth primarily focus on religious belief of individuals and the gods, thus countering Socrates’ position as an atheist. The basic definition of atheism is the lack of belief in deities. It thus follows that the first charge against Socrates contradicts his position as an atheist. The charge that Socrates turns the worst arguments into stronger arguments identifies him with the Sophists. Sophists were a group of people with techniques of persuasion that enabled them to influence people to adopt their beliefs and points of view, despite their ignorance on the subject matter of the topic. Athenians accused Socrates of being a Sophist. The charges against corrupting the youth came from Meletus. According to him, Socrates was responsible for corrupting the minds of the youth in Athens. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1447920-plato-apology-five-dialogues
(Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1447920-plato-apology-five-dialogues.
“Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1447920-plato-apology-five-dialogues.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Apology by Plato
...?At the time when Socrates had a trial and then was condemned he was seventy years of age. He was a well known philosopher in Athens often sharing his wisdom with anyone who would listen. Socrates himself did not write anything. Plato, Socrates’ follower had many of his works devoted to his teacher’s speeches, dialogues and teachings. An “Apology” is a speech that Socrates gave during his trial and after being condemned. History knows of two “Apologies”: one is of Plato, and the other one is of Xenophon. Both men were disciples of Socrates, so it is possible that their accounts are bit biased in a way that they would want to defend their teacher. However,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Plato: Euthyphro and Apology
...?Pla Euthyphro and Apology Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo by Plato has been well-known for the attempt by Socrates and Euthyphro to pin down a definition for piety. In fact, Socrates insists on the immense importance of definition in this work which has led to the charge of the Socratic fallacy in the world literature. In a reflective exploration of whether Socrates is correct, in the context of the Euthyphro and the Apology, to place such an emphasis on the definition of words, it is essential to maintain that Euthyphro admits, at the end of the dialogues, that his definitions have been failure. One of the major reasons for Socrates’ insistence on...
1 Pages(250 words)Dissertation
Plato: Apology and Crito
...?Pla Apology and Crito In his celebrated work Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo, Plato discusses various pertinent questions relating to philosophical concepts. One of the major statements made by Socrates in Apology is that a ‘good man is not harmed in life or death’ and he emphasizes the role of ‘divine sign’ which guides the good man away from wrong action. He also maintains that it is better to suffer injustice than to do it and the worst thing in the world is to do what is unjust. However, these arguments appear to most of the modern readers, just like Socrates’ own audience, highly counter-intuitive, and it remains an important topic of debate in the...
1 Pages(250 words)Dissertation
Apology by Plato
...?The four charges are as follows Socrates speculated about the heaven above, and searched into the earth below” (Apology, 2). Socrates response:“I have nothing to do with these studies” (Apology, 3). Socrates explains that there is a play by Aristophanes wherein a character named “Socrates” talks about his powers of philosophy, including that he can “walk in the air” (3). Socrates on page three denies practicing this type of philosophy, although he does not want to disrespect its practitioners. 2) “Socrates makes the worse argument into the stronger argument” (Apology,2). Socrates maintains that men of position who are examined by “young men of the richer classes” (6) who have learned his methods are humiliated. Their response... , and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Apology Plato
...Preview Analysis of Plato’sApology of Socrates” In the book, Plato’sApology of Socrates”comprises an account of the three speeches which Socrates boldly delivered in order to have justice sought against the allegations that point to his deliberate will of not recognizing philosophical conventions as well as of misleading the youth of Athens to his non-traditional or unique learning pedagogy. Through this text, Plato exhibits the ultimate significance of Socrates as a teacher by whom he was able to unravel the perils of human psyche and politics which had been evident in Socrates’ mock trial by the jury to which the irony of his apologetic...
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review
The Apology-Plato
... 15 November The Apology of Plato Apology by Plato is an interpretation of speech by Socrates which he presented in his defense before the Athenian council. Socrates was believed to be a philosopher and also served as soldier in Athenian army and was a part of many battles. It is believed that the words by Socrates were not recorded when he was speaking, but with the detailing of dialogues it is sure that Plato was present during the time of trial. As the title suggests it does not mean that it is a kind of apology and it derives from a Greek word “apologia” which means a speech made in defense (Plato 2013). This means that in The Apology Socrates try to defend himself. This is also important to consider that Plato was a student... and an...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
Plato, three Socratic Dialogues
...Socrates four dialogues Euthyphro is one of the major philosophical works of Plato where he expounds on the philosophy of Socrates, another great philosopher. Euthyphro is in the form of dialogues between two people who try to establish the concept and aim of piety and religion. The two people Euthyphro and Socrates meet each other at King Archon’s court. Euthyphro goes to court to implicate his father in a murder case whereas Socrates is there because he is accused of corrupting the young generation by his impiety. The interrogative dialogues raise three pertinent views regarding piety and impiety. Euthyphro is aghast that a wise man like Socrates is being tried for...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Plato and the Platonic dialogues
...Plato and the Platonic dialogues Introduction Plato and his writings through the Platonic dialogues constitute some of the foundational elements of the Western philosophic tradition. Over the course of Plato’s career his works span an enormous array of subjects. In one of the early dialogues, Euthyphro, Plato demonstrates the importance of living the examined life in his discussion with Euthyphro. Similarly, Plato’s Apology considers Socrates trial in front of the Greek lawmakers. The Apology then represents the entirety of Socrates’ argument to the court to prove his...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The apology by Plato
...Teacher I. Argument in Plato’s apology One of the most inflammatory arguments in the Apology was when Socrates described himself as agadfly who is stinging a lazy horse which is a state. This is evident in these passages which he asserted; I am that gadfly which God has given the state and all day long and in all places am always fastening upon you, arousing and persuading and reproaching you. And as you will not easily find another like me, I would advise you to spare me. I dare say that you may feel irritated at being suddenly awakened when you are caught napping; and you may think that if you were to strike me dead. . . unless God in his care of you gives you another gadfly II....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
The Dialogues of Plato
...The Dialogues of PlatoPlato was a Greek Philosopher born somewhere between 428 to 427 BC, though the exact year of birth is unknown. The year of death also ranges between 348 to 347 BC, as implied by various other scholars (Benjamin & Irwin 155). Plato was also a mathematician as well, while eventually he acquired a higher status in Western Philosophy. Furthermore, he was a student of Socrates who also found the Academy in Athens. Plato belonged to quite a wealthy family and also had a political inclination by virtue of his family. Since his family was well education, Plato also had natural instruction in music, grammar, philosophy and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues) for FREE!
Contact Us