We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Behaviorist and Learning Aspects of Personality - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Assignment 1 Fear, sometimes to the extent of phobia, can be the result of classical conditioning. For example, if a loud noise (which naturally elicits a fear response) is consistently paired with a fear-neutral stimulus (like the sight of a triangle), then the neutral stimulus will come to elicit the fear response…
Download full paper

Extract of sample
Behaviorist and Learning Aspects of Personality

Download file to see previous pages... Extinction is a characteristic of classical conditioning in which the association between the stimulus and learned response is weakened every time the stimulus (triangle) is presented without the associated unconditioned stimulus (loud noise). However, the persistence of learned fear makes it unlikely that it will dissipate over time due to the self-strengthening mechanism described above. To treat learned fear and phobias, extinction must usually be employed in a behavioral therapy paradigm. A process known as systematic desensitization is one of the most successful and commonly used procedures for treating phobias. These intense and irrational fears can take many forms (fear of dogs, snakes, open spaces, cheese) and are quite resistant to natural extinction effects. Along with the self-sustaining theory, phobias may retain their power because people tend to do everything they can to avoid the eliciting stimulus. Extinction cannot occur without exposure to the stimulus. Systematic desensitization addresses these issues directly. In order to allow extinction to occur, systematic desensitization ensures exposure to the unpaired conditioned stimulus, but does so in a gradual manner to minimize the fear response and eliminate self-sustainment of the phobia. The process is carried out in three parts (Foa, 2010). First, a fear hierarchy is constructed, listing situations related to the phobia in increasing intensity of discomfort. Next, the patient is trained in progressive relaxation (or deep muscle relaxation). This training will allow the patient to induce a state of calm through relaxation of specific muscle groups. Achieving the intended level of calm takes about twenty minutes, after which exposure to the fear-eliciting stimulus can begin. The typical fear hierarchy is made up of 10 to 15 steps, and begins with the least fear-evoking scenario that was established in the first step of systemic desensitization. The patient is instructed to imagine the scene, followed by a pause where the patient is told to use the relaxation technique that was learned in step two. This process is repeated until the patient reports no fear to the scenario. At this point, the next situation in the hierarchy is confronted. The process can continue, usually through multiple sessions, to gradually extinguish the fear in a step-by-step process (McNally, 2007). The approach can be augmented to use humor instead of relaxation in the second step, or by implementing virtual reality technology to assist with realism and precision. Modeling is an alternative approach to treating phobias or fears that are the result of conditioning. In this technique, patients watch a model (usually on video) that is shown interacting with the fear-causing stimulus. The intensity of the scene is increased as the patient observes. According to modeling theory, the likelihood of performing an act increases when a model is observed doing that act. Observing a model gradually influences the subject to partake in activities that involve their phobias, leading to the extinction of the fear. This approach has several advantages to systematic desensitization. The video aspect is more appropriate for young patients who may not be able to use their imagination properly and requires less instructor time. References Foa, E. B. (2010). Cognitive behavioral therapy of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Dialogues in Clinical Neurosciences, 12(2), 199-207. McNally, R. J., ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Social Learning Theory - A. Bandura
He gave explicit ideas as to how a child develops himself and the process by which he/she evolves. This paper involves an extensive account of one of his theories called the Social Learning Theory. In addition, how it applies to a school environment and its application in the modern times.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Paper that explains the communication aspects, personality & leadership styles used in management
They should also have an insight of the personalities of every employee. This information is very essential in conducting employee placements into various work positions. There is need to help individuals in management positions improve their level of effectiveness and guide those who are beginning their leadership roles.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Biological Aspects of Personality
In several ways, these organs and their functions influence our experiences – thus our behavior. The very first of such ways in which biology influences our experience is our quest for survival. Psychologically, this may be referred to as self preservation.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Cognitive and Social-Cognitive Aspects of Personality
This can be clearly illustrated by understanding that there are many behaviors and some are learned by not actually performing them. For example, unacceptable behaviors are most likely not to be performed. Absenteeism and tardiness are unacceptable behaviors in the workplace.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Trait and Skill Aspects of Personality
People who are extroverts get their energy from creating interaction with others while those who are introverts find the real source of energy from within themselves. It is implied that individuals who are extroverts are known to be energetic, talkative and assertive.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Humanistic and Existential Aspects of Personality
Postive emotions facilitate both tolerant thinking and productivity. Positive psychology is a science of positive aspects of human life, such as happiness, well being and flourishing. It can be defined as the scientific study of optimal human functioning that aims to discover and promote the factors that allow the individuals and communities to thrive.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Situational-Interactionist Aspects of Personality
The critique of Walter Mischel has been focused on this particular issue and he presented his views and opinions on the declining value of personality in the subject of psychology. The Critique of Walter Mischel on Personality: Walter Mischel presented his opinions and focused on the fact that the issue of personality was not much of significance in the study of psychology.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Personality is talked about everyday within environments. What has ironically remained contrastive is the human behavior, which is considered similar to what is carried out by the psychologists. According to most psychologists, attention of human personality tends to be based on individual aspect.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Learning Personality Theories
One of the main advantages of learning these personality theories is the creation of an individual’s external environment, and how they might relate to it (Ashcraft, 2011). This is with regards to the individual’s social framework, and the powerful effects of the person’s
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
Phonological Aspects of English Teaching and Learning #2
analyzed the matter from the perspective of ELF (English as Lingua Franca) and EIF (English as International Language) and interpretations such as NS (native speaker) and NNS (non-native speaker). A teacher’s phonological awareness, which means their awareness of the sound
18 Pages(4500 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Behaviorist and Learning Aspects of Personality for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us