This paper is aimed at providing a comparative study of King Lear" by William Shakespeare and "Brave New World" by Aldous Huxley. The researcher of this essay aims to pay special attention to the irony in both King Lear and A Brave New World in different ways…
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This research will begin with the statement that irony, or what happens when something is said, or done, and what happens is the opposite of what was supposed to happen is found in “King Lear” by Shakespeare, and “A Brave New World” by Albert Huxley, in more than one place, and in more than one form. In King Lear, a King that does not wish to be King any more splits his kingdom between his three daughters and then attempts to retire. Unfortunately, in splitting his kingdom, he has made a big mistake and must accept the penalty that comes with it. Joining the Lear family is the Earl of Gloucester, with his two sons, Edgar and Edmund, one who is the legal heir to the house, and the other that wants it because he thinks he should have it. In A Brave New World, society is no longer brave, or new, or true to each other. Instead, it has been replaced with a system that, from top to bottom, ensures only the good of what is known as the world-state, but not any one person in it. Throughout both of these stories, there is what is known as spoken irony, or a character saying something opposite of what was meant as they were saying it. There is also irony in different situations when what actually happens is the opposite or different from what someone set out to do. Finally, there is also dramatic irony, when the characters end up doing something that may come back to haunt them. Irony happens right away in the first scenes of King Lear in the form of dramatic irony when Lear commits a rather large error that will cost him dearly....
Though the words of the other two daughters could be used as verbal, or spoken, irony in this case, it is the interaction between Cordelia and Lear that puts the biggest irony on the scene. Dramatic irony happens again right after this when Edmund, the bastard son of Gloucester, schemes to have what he feels he deserves. He says, “Wherefore should I stand in the plague of custom/and permit the curiosity of nations to deprive me/for that I am some twelve or fourteen moon-shines lag of a brother?” (I.ii. 2-6). Edmund plans to take what he wants, even though he is not the rightful heir, and now everyone reading knows this, but everyone else around him in the play has not been informed. Another example of dramatic irony happens in A Brave New World. Linda, the mother of the savage, tells Bernard and Lenina that her son had a father named “Tomakin” (Huxley 182). Huxley even tells the readers that “Yes, Thomas was the D.H.C.’s first name” (Huxley 182). The readers know, then, that the Director actually fathered a child. He had been seen almost from page one telling students and new workers to the central hatchery “for you must remember, in those days of gross viviparous production, children were always brought up by their parents and not in state conditioning centers” (Huxley 38). It is ironic that the Direct of the Central Hatcheries actually had sex with emotional involvement and fathered a child when he claims that the whole process is “gross” and a thing of the past. Situational irony, or a situation in which the opposite effect happens than intended, occurs so many times in both of these stories that examples must be chosen, and not listed.
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(King Lear by W. Shakespeare and A Brave New World by A. Huxley Essay)
“King Lear by W. Shakespeare and A Brave New World by A. Huxley Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/performing-arts/1434048-a-compare-and-contrast-between-king-lear-a-brave-new-world.
People in this society are genetically engineered into a rigid caste system and programmed for group-think, while being conditioned to be proud, happy workers whose only goal is the good of society. People are also brought up in what is known as “State Conditioning Centers” to idolize a mysterious founder named “Ford”, and promote the societal norm of "community, identity, stability" (Huxley 1).
A Comparative Essay on Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Animal Farm by George Orwell It is very important to learn lessons from history and take them into consideration in order to avoid the same mistakes in our contemporary society. Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Animal Farm by George Orwell are the best books if it is necessary to study the negative impact of communism upon human life.
People and in particular readers of fiction will always want happy endings in real life as well as in fictional stories. However, when viewed from the perspective of creators or authors of fictional works, tragic endings and thereby tragic stories will only make a deeper imprint in the minds of the readers.
In other cases, as in the example of Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, the connection is less pronounced and more nuanced, but still pervasive upon analysis. In fact, when considering Aristotle’s definition of tragedy as the presentation of a series of events that are “serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude” so that they work to purify emotions and inspire fear and pity in the reader (10), Huxley’s story of Savage John comes to represent an almost archetypical version of the tragic hero, in the same way that Shakespeare’s Lear has been traditionally viewed.
The three protagonists in the plays are found to be tragic heroes according to the definition of Aristotle. In Brave New World, John the savage is the tragic hero who is a typical character endowed with strange qualities that distinguish him from other characters in the novel.
In the ‘Brave New World’ the elements of irony is found in his plot construction, his characterization, and his presentation of situation and the structure of the novel. The choice of the title ‘Brave New World’ itself is ironical. The world presented by him is neither ‘brave’ nor ‘new’, but simply disgusting.
King Lear shows man as a cruel being, and his society rife with lies and deception. King Lear’s two daughters, Goneril and Regan professed their love for their father but once they got what they wanted, they forgot their promises, tried to bribe him into letting go of all his staff, and left him out in the storm when he refused.
The author insists that the main theme is, Brave New World is not the advancement of science as such; it is the advancement of science as it affects individuals. According to the theme of this paper, scientific research is not all about good things or advantages but there are some little disadvantages attached to it.
Considering Huxley’s predictions of the world in the future, the readers cannot help but wonder to what extent the writer has managed to get them right, how much the future thought up by an imaginative mind matches that of the reality.
Human cruelty is rampant throughout the play giving a perception that human beings are prone to cause hurt and pain to one another. Many successive events are not justified meaning that justice is not normally
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