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Importance of Conflict Resolution in Ensuring Community Development - Essay Example

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This approach focused on basic human needs and encouraged a win-win situation for all parties. Under this principle, nonviolence, cooperation and belief in the goodness of humanity are the guiding beliefs. Conflict resolution is not about avoiding a conflict…
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Importance of Conflict Resolution in Ensuring Community Development
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Download file to see previous pages In developing “interest-based” conflict resolution, major theorists have been involved. These have been responsible for developing various aspects of the theory such that it now looks out for interests of all the involved parties. One of these individuals was Georg Simmel (1858-1914) Simmel’s contributions are traced to his book, Conflict which was written after his death in English (1955). In the book, Simmel identified conflict resolution as a mechanism aimed at resolving “divergent dualism” which represented an approach used to resolve dissimilar principles. To Simmel, the conflict was a means of attaining some form of unity (Wallis). The only reservation arising from his contributions was the fact that he perceived that peace had to be attained even if this meant annihilating one of the conflicting parties. Kurt Lewin was the other major theorist credited with the development of contemporary conflict resolution. His contributions emanated from his emphasis on the position of social context in an individual’s development of perception, values and beliefs. This deviated from the views represented by the normative theory of psychology which was in favour of biological determinism (Deutsch, Coleman and Marcus, 895). Another individual who carried similar views was Morton Deutsch who highlighted the role of perception and the existence of a conflict. The other theorist is Johan Galtung Galtung was a sociologist who developed steps to peace and came up with a broader view of violence which encompassed “avoidable insults to basic human needs” (Deutsch, Coleman and Marcus 896). According to Galtung, there are two forms of violence, direct violence and structural violence. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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