The child’s legs are long and slender. She was running all around, kicking and throwing ball to her playmates. Frequently, the child keeps on writing her name on the ground with a stick. Under Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, the child is in Preoperational Stage. The child is increasingly verbal but has some limitations in thought processes. Causality is often confused, so the child may feel responsible for causing an illness (London, 893). In Erickson’s stages, the child is in Phallic Stage. Most of the times, the child likes to initiate play activities (London, 893). With the understanding on different growth and development theories presented above, the child meets the requirements for each developmental stage. There are neither deficits nor giftedness with regards to the child’s physical and cognitive development. Yet, primary caregiver must be alert because I observed that this child appears more comfortable with a male adult playmate. Based upon observation, the child manifests development consistent with her age. Height and weight are within normal limits. It is usual for a preschool girl to be attached to the parents of opposite sex but be alert for frequent interactions and attempt to accommodate the child’s need. Being very active, it indicates that the child’s cognitive development is progressive. The theories of growth and development helped me a lot. At first, I was just observing the child. It amazed me that as I follow the child’s activity, I got to apply the theories
of Piaget and Erickson.