Benthams theory is important because it promotes morally correct ethical actions that are designed to maximize happiness for maximum people. According to Act Utilitarian of Jeremy Bentham, an action that results in the happiness of one and all is a good act. He said ‘when choosing a course of action, one should always pick the one that will maximize happiness and minimize unhappiness for the greatest number of people’ (Bentham from Rosenstand p.176). Thus it follows that actions which alleviate pain are morally right and it is the duty of every person to realize it. One can therefore assert that Sparky should not be put in the microwave.
Another very important aspect is that morality can only be defined by rationalizing about ‘whether one is inflicting evil on others’. Emmanuel Kant has been emphatic that moral obligations are imperatives and his two Rules define the categorical imperatives: Rules of Universality; and Rules of Respect (Schneewind, 1990). The first one makes says that people at all time must act appropriately and the second rules promotes the value of respect and says that well being al all individuals is important and therefore, one should not use others for their own vested interests or gratification. Putting the puppy in microwave for one’s amusement is therefore, morally and ethically wrong.
Last but not the least important is the fact that ethical conduct is all about making choices and one’s value system and religious beliefs lend credence to one’s action in making