This is a theory that focuses on the idea of readiness to end a ranging conflict. Zartman observed that in order to come up with a solution on conflicts between two parties the parties must first identify a ripe moment. In such a case negotiation is bound to succeed…
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The idea of ripening is a very big challenge in ensuring that diplomacy is practised, this is merely because the theory of ripeness indicates that ripeness is a very subjective discernment resulting from intentioned indicators and persuasion.
For ripening to be achieved the warring parties must understand and accept that the impending conflict is hurting both of them and the only way to come out of it is through mutual negotiations or the use of a mediator and in case of the presence of subjective elements then persuasion can be applied to clearly bring out the notion of both pain and the stalemate.
They need to comprehend the idea that dedication to end the stale mate must come from both parties with full utilisation of an opportunity to end the vice. The other party should be willing to join in the search o of solution that exist in principle and need to be negotiated. A trusted third party should be involved as a mediator who give the conflicting parties a good shake-up through injecting fresh ideas ,ensure that he keeps the fresh ideas flexible by coming up with basic principles , should ensure reliability in the negotiations by structuring a negotiation mechanism in order to reach a mutual agreement.
He should also identify the parties to be involved in negotiations, issues to be resolved separating them with those that can not be resolved, come up with practicable alternatives by establishing bridges between the two parties by clarifying involved costs with impending risks in seeking harmony and assuring immeasurable support to the peace negotiation efforts which in turn will ensure that each party reciprocates by showing commitment to the same. working toward the achievement of this goals is tantamount to creating a ripe moment even when the conflict is not perceived as ripe. (William, 1982)
Weakness of the concept
The theory is not self-fulfilling and self implementing thus having a great weakness such that the involved parties will never be sure that the other is going to cooperate this is because decisions are made at the same time but one of the parties may fail to give out its response. the parties can never be sure that the other is going to cooperate, mainly because of two reasons: for in stance when the Israel signed an agreement with the PLO the Palestinians were doubting whether Israel was going to cooperate and this made PLO chairman Yasser Arafat write an official letter to the Israel prime minister who responded and made it clear that his government recognised Palestine Liberation Organisation as the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people (Gavron,1980).At times decision may be made at the same moment but one of the sides may fail to respond. This makes the parties to have contradicting enticement as to either cooperate or not to.
Ripeness is only a condition, necessary but not sufficient for the initiation of negotiations. It must be seized, either directly by the parties or, if not, through the persuasion of a mediator. Thus, it is not identical to its results, which are not part of its definition. It is therefore not tautological,
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(“Strengths and Weaknesses of Zartmans concept of Ripeness Book Report/Review”, n.d.)
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(Strengths and Weaknesses of Zartmans Concept of Ripeness Book Report/Review)
“Strengths and Weaknesses of Zartmans Concept of Ripeness Book Report/Review”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/people/1505402-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-zartmans-concept-of-ripeness.
William Zartman believes that this theoretical ripeness for positive mediation is the major factor in both small scale and international negotiation, and should be fully taken into consideration by anyone who wants any number of parties to reach an agreement or resolve a conflict (Zartman 2003).
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