The reconstruction amendments of the US constitution comprise the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments.The amendments were adopted just after the end of the civil war in the period between 1865 and 1870 according to Franklin …
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The reconstruction amendments of the US constitution comprise the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments. The amendments were adopted just after the end of the civil war in the period between 1865 and 1870 according to Franklin (3). The amendments were necessary for the reconstruction of the America’s Southern states. The Thirteenth Amendment was influential in the abolishment of slave trade. The succeeding amendment stipulates privileges, immunities equal protection as well as due process On the other hand, the Fifteenth Amendment gives the right to vote people of all color, race and those previously held in servitude. The fourteenth amendment of the United States constitution was done in 1868 in the month of July. The ratification of the fourteenth Amendment was not accepted by all and it had a lot of contentions (Franklin 11). The southern state legislature was among those that refused the ratification of the amendment. This ratification led to the introduction of the Reconstruction Acts. The existing states governments were ignored and in return military governments were imposed. This was followed by the establishment of civil governments, hence the ratification. The reason for ratification was significant in several ways which are implied in its clauses. The first clause is the citizenship clause. It is important as it defines citizenship overruling the decision which denied the blacks the right to become citizens of the United States (Collins 13).
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A few thing are more treasured by Americans than their rights and freedoms, their culture and constitution promotes and requires that all persons are considered equal before the law notwithstanding their racial, religious or any other different orientation.
Therefore, the North had a greater pool from which to draw troops. In addition, the South dared not arm the 3.5 million troops within its boundaries for fear that they would turn against them and fight for the Union, which was advocating for their rights (Farmer, 2013).
In a broader sense, this attempts to represent the reconstruction as a whole. While slaves can be made free citizens through a constitutional amendment, there is a question as to the degree of their integration into society. It is, thus, crucial to consider the term splendid failure carefully.
Further, reconstruction offered ways of readmitting the Southern States into the Union, and describing the ways by which blacks and whites could live together and share things in a free society where no one was enslaved. The south-perceived reconstruction as vengeful and humiliating and in turn protested the move, as they did not like it (Foner, 2012).
Constitutional safeguards provided by the 4th, 5th, and 6th Amendments The fourth, fifth and sixth amendments to the US constitution outline various constitutional safeguards that American citizens enjoy in both juvenile and adult court proceedings. The amendments focus on certain safeguards such as a speedy trial, the accused person’s right to counsel, the Miranda Warnings, the exclusionary rule among others as well as exerting a significant impact on the day to day judicial processes in both juvenile and adult courts (David Andrew Schultz 2009).
However, complete guaranteed freedom during then was far from its realization due to key groups and influential icons in the government who had conflicting intentions. Hence, prompting Dubois term the attainment of equality during then as a “splendid failure” because an individual’s recognition or mode of treatment assumed racial lines.
Reconstruction began as early as 1863 before the end of civil war in 1865 and ended in 1877 after the compromise which saw Rutherford B. Hayes assume office and introduction of Jim Crow laws which strengthened and saw continuity of racial segregation fro the next 100 years.
Reconstruction was some success, as it was able to help many African-Americans in the South gain freedom and citizenship through the constitutional process, even in the face of extensive racism. The North was able to redraft the constitutions of the southern states to assure male suffrage (Nash et al.
Diverse economic reforms occurred during the reconstruction era. In 1865 for instance, Freedmen’s bureau policy creation fostered a welfare agency for the freed slaves and white refugees (Farmer-Kaiser, 2010). This agency ensured timely provision of clothing,
essay will focus on the history of the reconstruction of America after the civil war that began in 1863 with the emancipation clause by President Abraham Lincoln.
It was not easy for the leaders to decide whether or not to punish the South for the Civil war. It was even harder
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