Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) University: Date: Coronary artery bypass grafting, abbreviated CABG, is a kind of surgery that enhances the flow of blood flow to the heart in people suffering from coronary artery disease, also known as severe coronary heart disease (CHD)…
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This substance blocks/narrows the coronary arteries thereby decreasing the blood that flows to the heart muscle. Severe blockage can lead to heart attack, shortness of breath, and chest pain or discomposure/angina. One way in which CHD is treated is through CABG, whereby a cardiothoracic surgeon grafts/connects a healthy vein/artery from the body to the obstructed coronary artery. The grafted vein/artery bypasses the coronary artery’s obstructed portion, which forms a new passage, and the surgeon routs oxygenated blood around the obstruction to the heart muscle (Nih.gov, 2010). Parks explains that a bypass usually involves open-chest surgery as well as making use of a heart-lung bypass machine for circulating blood and oxygenating it. He gives a number of newer, bypass surgery methods that are less invasive and that can be used in place of open-chest surgery in some cases. One such technique entails the use of minimally invasive procedures/keyhole procedures in place of open-chest surgery. Keyhole procedures involve the use of a number of smaller chest openings and they may not or may call for the use of a heart-lung machine. In procedures where a heart-lung bypass machine is not used, medicine is used to slow the heart although is continues beating during the process (Parks, 2009).
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Considering all the reports, he was advised to undergo emergency Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PPCI), also commonly known as Coronary Angioplasty, for left anterior descendent artery. Usually in such cases, as a first step once the patient is brought in, detailed history of the patient is taken by the hospital staff with the help of accompanying relatives while the patient is getting ready for the procedure.
It typically results in improved quality of life, while decreasing the risk for heart attack. However, it is common for CABG patients to experience anxiety, which can lead to depression, and poor psychological adjustment may lead to increased risk for adverse events and poor patient outcomes.
The purpose of the paper is to discuss the issues that have led me to question the insertion of coronary angioplasty with drug-eluting stent compared to open coronary artery bypass graft for left main coronary disease.
Pain is a feeling which is extremely upsetting and very personal, and cannot be shared with others, however pain is an important sign that something is wrong physiologically (Bonica 1987; Melzack 1999).
Pain is a complex sensation because it requires not only consideration of the physical pain but also the emotional and mental impact on the patient.
The sinus node, atrium, and AV node are significantly influenced by autonomic tone (Saxena, P., Konstantinov, I. E., and Newman, M. A., 2007, p 60). Vagal influences depress the automaticity of the sinus node, depress conduction, and prolong AV nodal conduction and refractoriness in the tissues surrounding the sinus node; inhomogeneously decreases atrial refractoriness, slows atrial conduction and prolong AV nodal conduction and refractoriness (Reade, M.C., 2007, p 265).
It results from coronary atherosclerosis, which is directly associated with several well defined risk factors, including smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, hyperlipidemia, lack of exercise, and familial predisposition.
Advanced age can complicate prolonged mechanical ventilation, thus complicating the pulmonary dysfunction post cardiac surgical treatment. Postoperative pulmonary dysfunction is a significant clinical complication in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).
During my tenure in this unit, I have found that patients after surgery spend a long time in the intensive care unit after operation and this leads to inflated costs. In addition there is a premium on the facilities and medical equipment in
, operation and yearlong effort, the two doctors expected positive events and goals during and after CABG surgery until a patient was discharged from the hospital. Besides, the goal of care path entailed the standardization of processes possible without extensively affecting and
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