Homicide - Term Paper Example

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Homicide Name Tutor Institution Subject code Introduction In criminal law, homicide is the unlawful killing of a human being with malice aforethought. In common law and as by statute in various jurisdiction first degree murder is defined as unlawful killing with cruelty aforethought…
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Download file to see previous pages The discussion that follows will majorly deal with social learning theory, minds designed for murder theory, thrill murder theory and sociological theories including social-demographic theory, subculture violence theory and ‘victomology’. The Social learning theory In his famous publication Professor Bandura,1 has argued that human beings are not born with pre-determined repertoires and predispositions of aggressive behavior. As a matter of fact, most aggressive incidents viz fighting with switchblade knives, martialling with opponents, involvement in military activities, or taking part in vengeful ridicule suffices sophisticated skills that inevitably call for extensive social learning. Ultimately, unlike other basic forms of physical engagement requiring least guidance, victims of this theory, as Bandura observes must be learn them in a way or the other. Further, a progressive argument under this theory has indicated that instead of concentrating much on juvenile aggression as a reason for homicide, a comprehensive analysis must be drafted to entail even the class of individuals who get to be legally trained or professionally acquire skills and knowledge especially those who belong to the category of people whose owe a national duty by providing military service. That being the position, it is therefore difficult to argue that any other skill acquired through social learning is always inclined towards the commitment of a homicide. This is because not the killings done by this class of people are majorly within the ambits permissible by the law. Such circumstances include killings in the course defense on national security, during wars and defense of citizenry property. As such this could be cited as a possible weakness under this theory. Further, this theory presupposes that behavior is reinforced by rewards and punishment and also by observing the behavior of others. Bandura in 1973 argued that people learn particularly from visual images as the just the same way the things happen. Aggressive behavior and violent individual aired through media viz TV can provide a model particularly for young people who try to emulate them. Philip and Hensley in 1984 argued that the number of homicide in the USA significantly increased after a big boxing context which had been viewed through TV. In 1993 two 10 year old boys murdered James Burgler after watching a violent match. Minds designed for murder theory In his famous publication Dr David Buss,2 under the theory of evolutionary psychology has argued that at one point in everyone’s life, there has been a strong and shocking urge to kill. His further pose that murder is our blood and specifically says that homicide is not uncommon pathology or the product of social thrust of culture, destitution or poor parenting but it is an evolutionary adaption that all human beings subject. He further observed that in the appropriate instances all human beings kill, this is by the reason that their ancestral fathers also did kill to procure greater chances of reproductive success.3 Ultimately, this is to date inherent in every human being. The component of Buss’ homicidal fantasy also works to suppress the idea that indeed at one moment every human being has killed either physical or by strip of mental fantasy (Buss, 2008). Drug related murder This theory suggests that Neal and Brendan were killed because of some kind of connection to illicit drugs. The theory arises because they ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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