Restoring Democracy in Libya Instructor Institution Date The Role of the International Community in Promoting Democracy and Upholding Human Rights in Libya Most people have raised concerns about the existence of democracy in Libya. There are also many claims on the part of human rights in this Northern African country…
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Libya had been operating under a 1951 constitutional order, a document which was abolished by Gaddafi immediately he rose to power. Gaddafi then put into practice ideologies outlined in his own manifesto, The Green Book. He served until 1977 when he announced that he had officially stepped down from power and claimed that he would maintain a ceremonial position (Freedom House, 2010). With Gaddafi remaining a ceremonial leader, Libya was ruled by People’s Committees as local governments, and indirectly elected General People’s Congress as the legislature. There was also the General People’s Committee, which served as the executive branch. However, to ensure that Gaddafi maintains full control, he manipulated these structures to suit his political endeavors. US diplomats in Libya described his politics as “mastery of tactical maneuvering”. Gaddafi, together with his family and close friends controlled almost every aspect of business enterprises (Wyatt, 2011). Looking at the political landscape in Libya, one may think that it is one of the best democracies in the world, being one of the richest countries in Africa. However, behind the outwardly wealthy Arab country there is a lot of human suffering. Gaddafi initiated projects that would provide free medical care, free education, and free clean drinking water for all. However, it is claimed that the road network is only good in parts of the country with his support. The free medical care provided is also sub-standard (Freedom House, 2010). There are countries which from outside may seem to have democratic structures in place, but which scrutiny may reveal to be undemocratic. They just have these structures to deceive the international community. These regimes manipulate everything to ensure they stay in power and control virtually everything (Edwards, 1993). Talking of human rights violations, there are believable sources that cite the existence of a crisis. Gaddafi was not only a de-facto leader, but he was also an autocratic one. Dissent to his regime was notoriously termed illegal under Law 75 of 1973. No one was allowed to form a political party, lest they were executed- ranging from public hangings and the images rebroadcasted on public television channels. There were also assassinations of Libyan dissents all over the world by the Libyan intelligence. Reports also cite rapes and indiscriminate jail terms for dissents (Freedom House, 2010). Our question then is; what is the best approach to promote democracy and protect human rights in Libya? Many countries have intervened but a lot more needs to be done. The Middle East and Northern Africa regions have actually seen involvement of foreign countries since time immemorial; an attempt to promote democracy. However, Islamic leaders have rejected some of them, especially the US, on allegations that they want to rule the Arab world (Ferguson, 2004). There are various interventions, which the international community has made in an attempt to promote democracy in Libya. Countries have not only condemned attacks on civilians but also some of them have also abandoned diplomatic relations with Libya. The recent crisis saw arrest warrants imposed on Gaddafi and his allies by the International Criminal Court. Many countries went as far as supporting the anti-Gaddafi National Transitional Council as the legitimate government. People from other countries have also held
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(“Research Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
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(Research Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Research Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/other/1392892-research.
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