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There are various types of kidney stones based on specific risk factors (Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, 2015). The condition is characterized commonly by severe pain in the lower back and also painful urination. The paper will discuss the risk factors for kidney stones including cultural considerations as well as other risk factors.
There are various risk factors for nephrolithiasis. The factors contribute significantly to the development of the disease. One of the significant risk factors is gender and age. The condition is found to be most common in men as compared to women. The risk increases in men as they reach 40 years and continues to rise until 70 years (Simon, 2013). Hence, as men age, there is increased the risk of developing the condition. In women, the risk is high at 50 years while in young age the condition may develop at the last stage of pregnancy (Simon, 2013). In children, the risk is mainly due to genetic factors. However, it may occur due to deformity in the urinary tract as well as in those children born with low weight and are fed through veins (Simon, 2013).
The other risk factor is obesity and weight gain. The two have been associated with an increased danger of developing the condition. It has been found that individuals with higher BMIs and large waist have high chances of developing the disease (Simon, 2013). Such people are said to excrete a large amount of calcium and uric acid that raises the risk of getting the condition. The other risk factor is a family history. The presence of the condition in a family means there is increased chances of it occurring among the relatives (Simon, 2013). The geographical factor is another factor. For example, geography may determine the mineral constituents in local water. This may explain increased or reduced incidences of the condition.
Moreover, diet is also another main risk factor for the condition. Various types of food have been associated with increased chances of
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Inborn errors of metabolism are hereditary diseases in which the cellular metabolism is abnormal due to an inherited defect in an enzyme. Inborn errors of metabolism usually manifest in the neonate or an infant but can even be first seen in an adult. Abnormalities in the production or metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates etc are usually due to a single gene defect.
To combat the obesity problem, following various weight- reducing diets have become the latest fad, with high protein diets being the most popular among the list. Changes in the lifestyle and dietary habits like the reduction of overweight through extreme fasting or low-carbohydrate high-protein weight-loss diets, e.g.
However, chronic obstruction may produce permanent loss of renal mass. and excretory capability, as well as enhanced susceptibility to local infection and stone formation. Early diagnosis and prompt therapy are therefore essential to minimize the otherwise devastating effects of obstruction on kidney structure and function.
We have proved our point through numerous researches.
Four factors have made surgery the treatment of choice for many such people : (1) recent demonstration of the severity of the various physical complications often with profound psychosocial disability, resulting in a twelve-fold increase in mortality among younger persons, (2) the inefficacy of conventional treatments; (3) the continuing development of newer surgical measures ; and (4) many health benefits at acceptable levels of risk.
It helps in the process of swallowing and helps in the process of digestion. Water lubricates the tissues and joints and regulates temperature through sweating. Water is the main component that keeps the volume of the blood
The author states that overproduction of uric acid leads to increased phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP) synthetase activity and deficiency of hypoxanthine‐guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HGPRT ), which is responsible for the conversion of hypoxanthine to ionsinic acid and guanine to guanylic acid.
The author states that there are various popular diets available in the market, varying in type and amount of regulated food. Based on the type of prescribed food, the weight loss diets are mainly categorized in high protein and low carbohydrate diets, high carbohydrate and low fat diets, calorie-based diets, gluten-free diets, nutritarian diets.