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Religious conviction has been cited as one the reasons that parents can reject vaccination.
Religion teaches that the human life is sacred, and it is wrong to inject toxic substances into the bloodstream of a healthy child. Apart from being toxic, the substance also has side-effect such as seizures, paralysis or even death. The CDC states that all vaccines have a risk of an anaphylaxis in about one per million children (“Vaccines ProCon.org,” 2015). Moreover, vaccines contain harmful ingredients like thimerosal, that is an organic mercury linked to autism. It is also important to note that mandatory vaccination infringes religious freedoms. Some of the ingredients that are included in the vaccines are considered immoral in the religious circles. Some of MMR, HepA and chicken pox vaccines are cultivated from two fetuses aborted in 1960s (“Vaccines ProCon.org,” 2015). Most religions are against abortion and hence vaccination using those vaccines directly or indirectly endorses abortion.
On the other hand, rejecting vaccination on the basis of the religion poses a great danger to the society. Community immunity depends on a critical portion of the community being vaccinated (Herlihy & Hagood, 2012). Hence, in case of an outbreak, most members of the community will be protected and will not contract the disease. Vaccination also saves parents their time and money. It is less costly in terms of time and money to prevent a disease than to cure it. The side effects of vaccines are mostly rare, and hence, the risk of vaccinating is lower than the risk of rejecting immunization. Lastly, vaccines are capable of saving children lives. Vaccines have been found to be very effective in preventing diseases and rejecting vaccination result to exposing the child to an unnecessary danger.
The CDC recommended immunization schedule for children between 0 to six years is as follows (“CDC - Vaccines - Child Immunization
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Sooner I got one more reason to think more seriously about the issue; my mother contracted whooping cough from a child who was not vaccinated. In my opinion, taking proper preventive vaccinations is not an individual decision having some personal benefits but is a social obligation that one is supposed to fulfil, and hence, should be made mandatory.
After the birth breastfeeding allows the babies to continue receiving the antibodies through the breast milk but this protection is temporary and a baby requires higher level of immunisation to remain protected from different diseases. The childhood immunisation is the essential process that provides required protection to the babies against the diseases and creates resistance in their bodies to fight with the viruses of different diseases.
Its major aim is to use information technology in the area of public health for improving and improvising healthcare delivery system. In the era of technology, it is imperative that public health policies and public health system must exploit the potential of information technology to attain their long term and short term goals.
Adverse reactions can follow post-immunization period and these concerns should be promptly identified to allow additional research and appropriate action to take place. This calls for immunization safety evaluation. Immunization Safety Surveillance is one such undertaking of World Health Organization (WHO, 1999).
During the periods in which influenza viruses predominate, the rates of hospitalization for acute respiratory disease among children without high-risk conditions were approximately 12 times as high among those younger than 2 years of age than among older children and were similar to the rates among children with high-risk medical conditions who were 5 to 17 years of age.
Mortality from pneumonia generally decreases with age until late adulthood. Elderly individuals, however, are at particular risk for pneumonia and associated mortality.Its incidence is much higher in the developing nation where medical care isn't always available in the best quality and the standard of living is low.
The recent media hype caused by the congressional hearing that examined the unproven hypothesis that MMR (Measles-Mumps-Rubella vaccine)causes autism,followed by excessive news coverage on children diagnosed with autism soon after a dose of MMR has only fuelled the already growing concerns of confused parents.(Bruce Gellin,June 2000).
(Andrus et al., 2005)
The routine immunization schedule for infants includes: Hepatitis B (HepB), Rotavirus (Rota), Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (DTaP), Haemophilus Influenza Type B (Hib), Pneumococcal (PCV),
Like any other disorder that interferes with a human’s quality of life, the medical community is concerned with finding, if not a cure, then the interventions to manage this disorder. In order to find a cure