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The immune system works hand-in-hand with the brain to control temperature in the body and sleep. Coordination between the nervous and the immune system facilitates communication by initiating the release of certain hormones. The nervous system regulates the release of neurotransmitters thus enhancing the body’s ability to sense danger and provides the necessary response.
A common issue in PNI is stress, which refers to the increase in undesirable tension that inhibits proper body functioning. It is a known fact that anxiety, depression and issues related to stress have an impact of the immune system of an individual. To put the matter into perspective, health defects for instance arthritis and heart disease are mainly attributable to stress. According to Upton (2013), in the occurrence of stress, the hypothalamus produces hormones that the immune system works on to create energy necessary for quick response. It is important to point out that foods that enhance inflammation contain starch and fats contents. Biologically, starch influences the levels of insulin and glucose in the blood. A high level of insulin does not only increase stress but it also results in depression. Insights from the concept perceive depressed people to be more prone to osteoporosis and myocardial infarction. Troubled association between the immune and the nervous system delays the healing process.
The relevance of PNI stems from the ability to exercise control on stress thereby strengthening the body and mind of a person. As per research, PNI is a promising field that may revolutionize the functioning of the immune system by connecting the mind and the body. Improving the defence mechanism reduces illnesses thereby making health to be stable. Procedures of biofeedback make it possible to treat cases of anxiety and migraine among patients (Maté, 2011). This is because sensors involved in the procedures enable individuals to exercise the relaxation of muscles and
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How does the disease develop? Blood cells generally form from the cells that are contained in the bone marrow, which is a soft material inside the bones. These cells are known as the stem cells. Different stem cells modify into various types of blood cells.
Consumers are referred to someone who buys a commodity. In the similar sense, the patient visualizes himself as a consumer who purchases health services. It is for the reason that the patient has certain rights; the quality of health care delivered is always a matter of concern (Prakash, 2010).
As a result of the cancerous white blood cells, the bone marrow does not produce enough normal red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Leukemia patients then develop anemia- a deficiency of red blood cells. Lack of normal white blood cells limit the body’s immune system while a shortage of platelets causes easier bruising and bleeding (platelets cause blood clotting) (Michael Hllek, 2008).
There are approximately 200 different types of cancer and each type is distinctive in how it grows and develops; how it affects the patient’s body; the symptoms that a patient may experience; as well as its likelihood of spreading (Bozzone, 2009). This paper gives a description of leukemia (blood cancer), its history and discovery, traditional treatments, new developments, its treatment plans, as well as the holistic approach to the disease.
They interfere with normal hematopoiesis and immunity in the bone marrow and lymphoid tissue and after immigration in to the peripheral blood, they infiltrate other tissues. Classification of Leukemias Leukemias are classified based on the cell types involved (lymphocytic or myeloid) and on the natural history of the disease (acute or chronic).
communication, does developing some reliable sort of communication tool kit or establishing rapport between caregivers and patients, help to decrease the risk of dangers associated with bad communication?
According to Ellingson (cited in Torner, 2008), most of the hospitals
There are many underlying factors that have been identified in the causation of leukemia. These include radiations, chemotherapy, certain genetic disorders as well as the human T-cell leukemia virus-1. The pathological condition affects the males more commonly
of young white cells (blasts) which compromises the production of red cells which transports oxygen and nutrients, neutrophils which fight bacterial infections, and lymphocytes which fight both bacterial and viral infections and platelets which helps form clots to stop
In fact, as a whole, we don’t even like to use the term “died”. Perhaps it reflects our superstitions or our fears. Maybe it has to do with our religious beliefs, or our philosophies regarding life. Only in America, it
It is important to note that numerous sorts of leukemia exist. A few types of leukemia are more frequent in kids. Other types of the disease happen generally in adults.
There are a few distinct types of this blood cancer. As a rule, leukemia is gathered by how quick it
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