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chological health disorder that presents with spontaneous shifts in moods, energy levels, and activities, which in turn impact the ability to perform day to day tasks. The disorder is also referred to as manic-depressive illness. Several factors work together to bring about the disorder. These causes can be anatomical or genetic. Research has shown that certain families are predisposed to having bipolar disorder due to the possession of a certain gene. The anatomic perspective of the development of bipolar disorder shows that there are structural abnormalities in the brain of individuals with bipolar disorders. For instance, similarities have been established through magnetic resonance imaging between the brain development patterns of children with multi-dimensional impairment, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. These finding implies that the brain plays a substantial role in the development of volatile temperament.
The signs of bipolar disorder can be categorized between those associated with manic flare-ups and those related to depressive episodes. Indicators of manic outbreaks include mood alterations such as prolonged periods of excitability and extreme tetchiness. Behavioral changes include rapid speech, impulsive indulgence in risky behavior, restlessness, intense physical activity, having unrealistic expectations, poor sleep and lack of sleep. On the other hand, depressive signs include loss of interest in pleasurable activities, prolonged periods of despair, fatigue, loss of concentration, poor appetite, and suicidal tendencies.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder that arises due to the inability of the body to utilize insulin. The condition may be a consequence of insulin resistance or the loss of insulin receptors. It presents with symptoms such as extreme thirst, sudden unexplained loss of weight, fatigue, delayed wound healing and blurred vision.
There is a relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and BD (Svendal, Fasmer,
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Ongoing Mental Health Needs: Major Depressive Disorder
This paper presents a case study of a chosen service user, one who is suffering from bipolar affective disorder. Patient X, a 35 year old female was admitted to the mental health unit after her mother observed her sullen and melancholy behaviour persisting for about three weeks.
It is this researcher's opinion that mental illness does increase the likelihood that someone will commit a crime. Definition of Mental Disorder and Crime ‘Definitions of mental illness are notoriously difficult to draft. If they are framed too narrowly they deny services to people.
Likewise, the following tasks were required to be performed: Step 1: Choose a mental disorder or problem to study further. Step 2: Explore the treatment options for the disorder chosen by accessing the following websites: http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_ciccarelli_psychology_1/0,7827,2749158-,00.html, http://www.guidetopsychology.com/txtypes.htm, http://www.nacbt.org/whatiscbt.htm, http://www.nami.org/ Step 3: Write a one page summary of treatment methods and disorder chosen in Step 2.
A mental disorder is defined as a psychological pattern, reflected in ones behavior that is generally associated with distress or disability, and not considered in the normal development of personal culture. Background of the disorder It is mainly associated with distress, pain, disability, loss of freedom and the increased risk of suffering death.
According to the APA, if the behaviour of an individual causes significant distress or dysfunction in one’s daily activities then it is classified as a psychological disorder, and it may be due to a biological cause, due to a mental process or from a learned behaviour.
When the mood component occurs, it may appear to be either elevated or depressed or these characteristics may appear at the same time, alternating with each other or occurring together, which brings about a distortion in the affected person’s perception.
Associated Problems in psychotic Phase are: Reckless or Impulsive Behaviour, Obsessive Thinking or Compulsive Rituals, Prolonged Anxiety, Tension or Worry, Fidgeting, Pacing, or Hyperactivity, Sad or Depressed Mood, Irritability or Hostility, Feeling Worthless or Guilty, Fatigue, Poor Concentration or Attention, Sleeping Problem, Appetite or Eating Problem, Poor Sexual Interest or Ability, Overly Dependent Behaviour and Poor Physical Health.
These swings from high state to low state and back can be very extreme. Bipolar disorder is usually diagnosed in late adolescence or adulthood. Children may also have the disorder but the symptoms are difficult to distinguish from other childhood behavioural disorders.
According to the theory, Dziegielewski (2010) argues that ‘mental disorder’ and ‘function’ are concepts which hold no scientific basis in explaining the neutral nosology theory or being able to show the differences between behavioral problems and disorders.
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