AML results into lack of production of normal white blood cells expose the patient to opportunistic diseases because their immunity goes down. AML is diagnosed by testing blood and bone marrow samples for leukemia cells. When inspecting Susan, it is important to inspect her gums and teeth, because leukemia cells might have infiltrated into the gum tissue causing them to swell (Linnet 85). Further examination on Susan Clare showed her liver and spleen was enlarged, this might be due to the abnormal blood cell that lowers the immunity of the body.
Patients suffering from terminal aliment are likely to suffer from immunodeficiency thus measures should be taken to reduce this risk. The patient should maintain proper hygiene, stick to medication, eat properly, quite unhealthy behavior such as smoking and targeted therapy, can help reduce the risk of immunodeficiency. Assessment of pulse and respiratory rates involves the observation of sputum and the rate of breathing, (Linnet 75).