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1). In fact, Alzheimer’s disease happens to be the most common form of dementia in this nation. Dementia in fact happens to be a large set covering a range of illnesses that involve deterioration of the nerve cells or a loss of their ability to work normally. Alzheimer’s disease is a serious condition that renders the patient incapable of performing the most basic of bodily activities like swallowing and walking. The irony is that Alzheimer’s disease in the long run eventually ends up being fatal.
Though it is a still quiet difficult to explain as to how the Alzheimer’s disease process begins, it would be safe to say that the damage to the nerve cells in this disease begins a decade or more before the actual symptoms begin to appear (Newport & Hirsch, 2011). In the preclinical stage the patients in the Alzheimer’s disease tend to appear normal, however, the toxic alterations and changes in the brain do tend to start much earlier. The disease is characterized by abnormal deposits of proteins leading to the formation of tau tangles and amyloid plaques allover in the brain (Newport & Hirsch, 2011). Thereby the neurons which happened to be early healthier, begin to function in an abnormal manner. In the long run the neurons begin to lose the ability to work and communicate with each other, eventually leading to their death. Gradually the disease spreads to the hippocampus part of the brain, which is the repository of memories (Newport & Hirsch, 2011). With the gradual demise of neurons, the parts of brain proceed to shrink. In the long run the damage grows over to be widespread leading to a significant shrinking of the brain tissue (Newport & Hirsch, 2011). Alzheimer’s disease actually happens to be a progressive brain disease marked by symptoms like memory changes that disrupt normal life, confusions pertaining to time and place, difficulty in accomplishing even the most basic of
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To comply with the requirement of the CEO to contribute to the annual report, I am going to describe the dermatology, oncology, gastroenterology, pulmonary, cardiology, endocrinology, obstetrics, gynecology, orthopedics, and neurology department of our hospital to include the most common diseases, principal procedures, laboratory and radiological services and specialty teams connected with each department.
d, p.2) Memory is one of the major psychological parameter which helps a person to lead a normal life. Any defects caused to the memory may adversely affect the normal life of a person. Aging is a process which affects all the physical and mental parameters of a person.
Medical science has evolved to the point where there are many diseases and illnesses that can be treated or at least can be managed through the use of different medications. Some of these diseases are genetically based and there is no control over the progression of the disease.
With time Alzheimer’s disease gets so bad that it interferes with everyday functioning and causes problems in judgment, decision-making abilities, and memory. Alzheimer’s disease is also called Senile Dementia of the Alzheimer Type (SDAT). (Nordqvist, 2009) (American Health Assistance Foundation, 2011) Etiology: The two major reasons for Alzheimer’s disease are family history and age.
Although the medical research on the cause of this disease is still going on, many medical specialists believe that the increased accumulation of beta-amyloid protein is responsible for the nerve degeneration and eventual nerve-cell death, in the brain. (Crystal 1) Dementia Dementia is a disorder of brain, where the patient is not able to carry out the daily chores.
Its treatment and management based upon the type of symptoms have been explained along with certain guidelines for the caregivers of patients affected with this distressing disease as proposed by the American Psychiatric Association. Current
Alzheimer’s disease was named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer, a physician who noted conversation with Auguste D. (an Alzheimer’s patient) and described findings of amyloid plaques and fiber tangles in Auguste D’s brain during an autopsy (Lu & Bludau, 2011, 2).