StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A NURSING QUANTITATIVE STUDY - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The objective of the study titled How well do we care for patients with end stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? A comparison of palliative care and quality of life in COPD and lung cancer ' was the comparison of the quality of medical and social care that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with that of the case of patients with inoperable lung cancer…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.4% of users find it useful
CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A NURSING QUANTITATIVE STUDY
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A NURSING QUANTITATIVE STUDY"

Download file to see previous pages In the case of NSCLC patients, receipt of radiotherapy or chemotherapy at the time of interview and significant airflow obstruction was considered to be exclusion criteria (Gore et al., 2000). The participants were identified from the outpatient records and the database of the radiotherapy department. The benefits identified by the authors are not direct in nature as far the participants of the study are concerned. However, the sample population of the study is the representative sample of the larger population of COPD patients and NSCLC patients (Gore et al., 2000). The results of the study expect to identify the gaps in the nursing and social care that the sample population receives. Thus the indirect and longer term benefit addressed by the study is that it would come up research findings which would further aid as background data for advanced research in the area. The authors have clearly mentioned that the study was approved by the Hull and East Riding Research ethics committee. Thus it can be assumed that risks of participation addressed by the study. It has been mentioned in the article that the authors obtained written informed consent from all participants. The subjects were identified from the outpatient records and the database of the radiotherapy department. COPD patients were identified from the outpatient records of patients attending for follow up at Hull chest clinic. In the NSCLC group about one third were attending Hull chest clinic and the rest were identified from the database of the department of radiotherapy (Gore et al., 2000). Thus the participation does not appear to be of complete voluntary nature. However as the study has followed the ethical practices as set by Hull and East Riding Research ethics committee and as it has been mentioned that written consents were collected from the patients, possibility of forceful or uniformed inclusion is minimal. It should also be noted here that the study and its design were approved by Hull and East Riding Research ethics committee. The major independent variables were COPD and NSCLC. The dependent variables included parameters to measure quality of medical care and quality of social and community life. These parameters included General Health; Vitality; Mental; Pain; Role Emotional; Role Physical; Social functioning and Physical functioning. The dependent parameters on quality of social and community life included access to Counselor; Community Social Worker; Hospital Social Worker; Palliative Services; RSN; District Nurse and Home Help (Gore et al., 2000). The methodology used to collect data included semi- structured interviews, review of documentation and measurement against standardized quality of life tools. The study followed a multi-method design which includes both qualitative and quantitative approaches(Gore et al., 2000). The interdisciplinary nature of the study extending from health sciences to social sciences justifies the design. The authors claim to be of the first of its kind to have used such a methodology. . The time period of for data collection of the study has not been specifically mentioned. Patients were interviewed in their own homes by a single interviewer (JG). At the time of interview patients performed spirometric tests The data derived from the interview were coded and, with the QoL data and was ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A NURSING QUANTITATIVE STUDY Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1499032-critical-appraisal-of-a-nursing-quantitative-study
(CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A NURSING QUANTITATIVE STUDY Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/nursing/1499032-critical-appraisal-of-a-nursing-quantitative-study.
“CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A NURSING QUANTITATIVE STUDY Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1499032-critical-appraisal-of-a-nursing-quantitative-study.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A NURSING QUANTITATIVE STUDY

Critical Appraisal

...? Critical Appraisal Currently, the number of articles written by professionals lacks the basis of the topic. In many cases, articles do not include in-depth analysis of a problem – an aspect that makes them irrelevant. Some of the major areas that lack in articles include the methodology that was used to obtain the information, conclusion and recommendations from the authors (Gerrish and Lacey, 2006). Relevance of the Study In this article, the study is relevant bearing in mind the number of people who are dying every day in United States. Health professionals have been lacking the skills to vaccinate members of the public, which is an aspect that has increased the number of casualties as a result of the disease. The study plays...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Critical appraisal

...? Critical Appraisal Introduction The article under scrutiny is d “A randomized study of the effects of supplemental exercisesessions after a 7-week chronic obstructive pulmonary disease rehabilitation program.” Just as this title suggests, the article primarily focuses on the influence of additional exercise on COPD patients after the first seven weeks of pulmonary rehabilitation (Linneberg, 2012). The researchers conducted this study by enrolling 140 patients in a rehabilitation program spanning over the mentioned duration of time. The COPD patients that successfully completed the program got divided into two groups in a random manner, and one was later subjected to extra exercise sessions, while the other was only subject to follow...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Critical appraisal

In persons with diabetes, normal insulin function is impaired where it can be produced in insufficient quantities or is produced defectively. This phenomenon serves to classify diabetes mellitus further into Type I and Type II diabetes, which are distinct in aetiology and audience. Type I diabetes accounts for about 3-5% of all diabetes in the world and is more common in children and young adults but can occur at any age (International Diabetes Federation 2010, p.6). Type 1 diabetes presents as an autoimmune disease where insulin-producing cells within the pancreas are destroyed, and the patients are always dependent on insulin injections for survival. The destruction of Islets of Langerhans within the pancreas impair the ability...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Critical Appraisal

..., and relevance of the study conclusion with the research findings using the quantitative checklist for critical appraisal (Kmet, Lee and Cook, 2004). Eventually, it is necessary to measure the critical appraisal results based on the scoring manual as described by Kmet, Lee and Cook (2004). In line with this, a score of ‘2’ will be allocated to each of the 14 criteria provided that the researchers were able to meet each criteria as written on the checklist whereas a score of ‘1’ and ‘0’ will be given if the researchers have partially met or failed to meet the criteria respectively. Eventually, the sum of all scores will be computed followed by dividing it by the “total possible score” (Kmet, Lee and Cook, 2004, p. 5). (See Appendix I...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Quantitative research appraisal

...Quantitative Research Appraisal Introduction: Nursing Research is systematic inquiry designed to develop knowledge about issues of importance to nurses, including nursing practice, nursing education and nursing administration. Quantitative Research: Typically, quantitative research is methodologically distinguished and governed by the positivist tradition to answer a question. Quantitative research typically consists of the collection, tabulation, summarization, and analysis of numerical data for the purpose of answering research questions or hypotheses with some type of formal measurement, ultimately used, manipulated, and analyzed through statistical methods to reach a conclusion in an objective manner (Walker, 2005, 571-582). Nursing...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

CRITICAL APPRAISAL

...Introduction to Mass Collaboration "No company today, no matter how large or how global, can innovate fast enough or big enough by itself. Collaboration -- externally with consumers and customers, suppliers and business partner, and internally across business and organisation boundaries -- is critical." This was a statement by Alan Lafley, Proctor & Gamble’s chairman and chief executive. This is a statement regarding the popular business trend called mass collaboration. Many companies opted to switch to this system of dealing with matters like the creation of ideas and new innovations in the field of marketing and business (Dawe, 2009). This trend first came forth during the 1990s, when companies were trying to outsource non-core business...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Critical Appraisal

...Critical appraisal al affiliation The framework is comprehensive and caters to the relationship of the primary concepts of the study despite that it is not clearly defined. The study is a theoretical model that initiates a functioning theory of action for the views of the oncologists. Hence this theory is substantive rather than scientific (Adams et al., 2013). The study was aimed at exploring the present knowledge, practice and attitudes among oncologists in the UK about fertility preservation in patients of child-bearing age (Adams et al., 2013). Knowledge and attitude are the independent variables while practice to fertility preservations was the dependable variable. This is attributed to how knowledge and attitude of oncologists had...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Critical appraisal of a nursing research study article

ties are being carried, it is important that there be an effective system by which these researches can be appraised to determine their validity and reliability. Wood (2010) explain that reliable research studies provide quality information that can be used in making changes that can cause better and effective systems and human environment. One of the ways of making such a process is conducting a critical appraisal process; critical appraisal can be defined as the process involving careful and systematic examination of research for judging its trustworthiness, relevance and value for their particular contexts.
According to White (2008) critical appraisal is very important especially for health professionals, considering the fa...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Critical Appraisal Of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Articles

...Critical Appraisal Of Research Articles Abstract This Paper provides a critical appraisal of two scholarly articles that have been presented on research methods. The aspects governing the qualitative research method have been dealt with in an article analyzing qualitative research by J.V. Appleton, while the quantitative research method was applied in a study conducted by Shuster and Shannon. Both these articles identify the potential limitations that may be inherent in such research methods and present ways and means to enhance the reliability and applicability of data gathered from a limited sample to a wider population. Critical appraisal of two research articles The article titled “Analyzing Qualitative interview data. Addressing...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Country Study: Mali

The territory of Mali has had a great history. We have been centers of the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire, and the Songhai Empire for about six centuries. Thereafter, during the 17th and 18th centuries, several small states developed along the Niger basin, but they fell during the holy war waged by Muslim leader Al-Hajj Umar, whose kingdom extended from Timbuktu to headwaters of Niger and Senegal. His successor, Ahmadu was defeated by the French in 1860. (http://us-africa.tripod.com /mali.html)

As is well-known, we have had a turbulent past. We were a French colony for 80 years until we achieved independence. Now we are a multi-party democracy with Presidential form of Government. While the executive power rests with the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Critical Care Nursing

Respiration occurs at the alveolar-capillary units of the lungs where oxygen (O2) and Carbon dioxide (CO2) are exchanged through inhalation and exhalation bypassing the gas between the alveolar and the blood. In an ideal gas exchange, blood flow and ventilation must perfectly match each other. But even in a normal pair of the lung, some alveoli are under-ventilated and adequately perfused while others are over ventilated but inadequately perfused. Technically speaking, the optimally ventilated alveoli that are not perfused are termed high V/Q units (acting like dead space), and alveoli that are optimally perfused but not adequately ventilated are called low V/Q units (acting as a shunt) (Sat Sharma MD 2006).

The major f...
13 Pages(3250 words)Case Study

Project Risk Assessment: Qualitative Versus Quantitative Approach

The risks may vary in terms of nature or scope according to the situation. So since the risk is so common in project management, a very important aspect of managing a project is analyzing all the possible risks that are associated with that particular project. It makes no sense of going on with a project and not giving a thought to the risks that could affect the success. Once these risks are analyzed, the project manager will have all the possible risks in front of him. He will know the degree of risk and also the benefits that the organization will get if the risk is taken. Therefore only after a risk analysis, the project manager is in a position to conclude whether or not it is worth taking the risk and going on with a certain...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Appraisal of the Work's Reviews about Medicine

The authors have referred to appropriate and adequate works. The author referred to an explicit range of databases and periodicals. A wide period range was covered as literature review was done of proceedings of the Society or Pediatric Research from 1990 to May 2006.No language restrictions were set as the author referred to the translated version of one trial published in German (Schrod 1993) as well. References of included studies were also reviewed. The literature review also included Grey literature identified by hand searching the proceedings the Society for Pediatric Research Conference published from 1990 to May 2006.
The relevance of the studies included was partial. The standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neona...
14 Pages(3500 words)Literature review

Leadership: a Critical Construction

I experienced all the theories by different writers by working on them practically. While working in a group, I found out communication plays a very important role in group performance. Team working, communication and leadership, all are very important in group working and a group cannot work and perform successfully in the absence of these skills and because of these skills being poor. During my work, I found out communication, whether it is written communication, verbal communication or face-to-face communication, is very important in all its forms because it is only because of communication that we are able to deliver our messages and ideas to each other.
Leadership also plays an important role because a leader is required...
11 Pages(2750 words)Personal Statement

A Comparative Study of the Origins of Ethical Thoughts

Do you know what they dug out? -- Wires! It proves that two thousand five hundred years ago, in the age of Pericles, the Greeks had telephones”. The Jew laughingly retorted: “Recently they were digging in Jerusalem. They dug out nothing. This proves that three thousand years ago when Solomon was the king of Judea, the Jews had the principle of wireless!”

ETHICS AND DIVERSE DEFENITIONS: One of the Dilemmas of the civilized human society was the fight between the soul and the flesh or rather the body and desires. The question is how to divert human energy in an intelligent, controlled way? Searching answers to this question one lands in the premise of ethics, personal as well as social. Ethics (English)...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Bullying Within Nursing Workplace

Bullying is basically defined as ‘offensive behavior through vindictive, cruel, malicious, or humiliating attempts to undermine an individual or group of employees’ (ILO, 1998). The bullying in the workplace has widespread ramifications leading to the increased rate of attrition of the employees, low quality of work, creation of poor practice in the professional environment and violation of legal-ethical norms. Bullying in the nursing workplace becomes a highly deplorable act because it directly impacts the well being of the vulnerable third party, the patients. The bullying of nurses comes from various quarters; employers and hospital administration, managers, colleagues, patients, and patients’ families. It is...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Critical Review of Goth: Identity, Style and Subculture by Paul Hodkinson

The allure from this standpoint is seen by the author. This report measures mainly the methodology that Hodkinson uses, which is grounded theory research, and the report also examines questions of fixed vs. flexible research. The findings of the research are briefly presented before the current research investigation concludes.

The Goth subculture is founded on principles of viewing some of what society outside this subculture, or mainstream culture, views as abhorrent or negative. There is some fetish tendency in this subculture towards the macabre and death, with face-paint style makeup and mourning clothing being prominent features of belongingness, which are certainly not reflective of mainstream fashion and makeup....
6 Pages(1500 words)Book Report/Review

Ethical Dilemma in Nursing

As a practitioner, the nurse attends to all the medical needs of the patient and as a leader, she takes decisions that relate to, influence and facilitate the actions of others with an aim to achieve a particular goal. As a researcher, the nurse aims to implement studies to determine the actual effects of nursing care and to work towards further improvement in nursing care (Nettina, 2006). In order to impart these duties in the most appropriate manner, nurses must not only possess sound knowledge of the subject, but they must also be aware of ethical laws and legislations and how to handle ethical dilemmas. This is because, through their career, nurses encounter many situations that are tangled in ethical complexities. As Hall (19...
9 Pages(2250 words)Article

Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

The Declaration of Helsinki by the WHO clearly states that in clinical trials involving humans the wellbeing of the subject should be of prime importance than the interest of science or society. This has been stated because at times in order to achieve the objectives of a study the investigators might overlook the welfare of the trial subjects thus jeopardizing their health in the process. According to ethical rules while comparing two treatment options the control group of the study must receive the best-known treatment available while the study subjects are given a potential newer treatment. Only when there is no effective treatment available a placebo-controlled group can be used for the study. There have been several trials th...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Critical Appraisal

... Economics education and greed By Wang, L., Malhotra, D., & Murnighan, J. K. Critical appraisal Introduction The research by Wang, Malhotra and Muringhan (2011) addresses an important issue especially in the wake of the entrepreneurship trend in the world. The main reason for carrying out this research was to find contributing factors behind the financial crises and the frequent corporate fraud scandals in the recent history. Also, the angle of the ethical responsibility of business schools in educating students was missing from other studies. This work seeks to answer the question if these institutes are breeding a culture of greed. Also, economic-related courses are dominating the business school curricula. Therefore, two hypotheses...
14 Pages(3500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A NURSING QUANTITATIVE STUDY for FREE!

Contact Us