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MAKING THE RIGHT CHOICES: AT THE END OF LIFE - Research Paper Example

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MAKING THE RIGHT CHOICES: AT THE END OF LIFE Name Professor University Date Abstract Life is full of openings and every individual has the option of making a choice. Every choice has its consequences good or bad. We all live due to the decisions we make each and every day…
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Download file to see previous pages Diseases which could not be treated in the past can now be curable or controlled. The use of palliative care is one method of ensuring that a person receives better healthcare during his last days of life. Individuals have options of using advance care planning or life sustaining treatments when making decisions regarding the kind of care they need at the end of life. Outline Thesis statement: It is a fact that all of us face an imminent death at any time. While still healthy it is thus essential for us to strategize on matters concerning health care. In light of these facts the thesis is based on the need to make the right decisions concerning end of life care. Introduction. What does end of life care entail The essence of end of life decisions The involvement of physicians and medical practitioners in the decision making regarding end of life care. Use of advance care planning method to ensure that right decisions are made according to an individual’s preferences. The process of shared decision making and its benefits Life support mechanisms Cultural influences on an individual’s decision making process. The withholding or withdrawing of certain medical treatments. Conclusion. Making right decisions All of us someday will end up dead. The recent days have shown a trend of an increase of non-sudden deaths which are a result of diseases like cancer and cardiovascular complications; these have replaced the acute deaths caused by infectious diseases. However, the ever increasing technological advancements in the health care sector has raised the life expectancy and also, provided the necessary technology to enable the prolongation of the life of very sick patients. With all these inventions there is need to come up with the right decisions concerning end of life care. The term palliative care according to WHO refers to mechanisms which provide better care to patients who are severely ill and ensures sufficient support to them and their families, by alleviating pain and suffering through early detection and planned strategies. This approach of palliative care is the best fronted method of caring for terminally ill patients (WHO, 2011). End of life care is a branch of palliative care method which intends to ensure that a person and his family plan well for his last days on earth. In the recent past, more innovations and inventions in the medical field have ensured mechanisms that can reduce patients’ pain and suffering being developed through better healthcare systems and facilities. Making the right decisions about the end of life is an essential part of end of life care which has a momentous effect in the dying process and the last days of the patient to be of peaceful nature. Moreover, death is often preceded by decisions of end of life regarding medical aspects that possibly to a certain degree of life-shortening effect (Raijmakers, et al. 2010). Through the various researches made in the recent past the following are the main categories of end of life decisions made include: 1) Euthanasia; the process whereby a patient requests to die quickly by being given certain drugs which hastens death. 2) Physician assisted suicides; the processes of prescribing specific drugs with the absolute aim of enabling the patients’ terminate their life. 3) End of life devoid of an unequivocal request from the patient; process whereby the doctor gives the patient certain drugs to hasten death with no clear request from the patient. 4) Mitigation of pain and symptoms; this is done through the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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