Free

Journal Article - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW TITLE: Examination of Intracranial Translucency as a Marker for Early Detection of Open Spina Bifida AUTHOR: Gabriele Tonni, PhD, MD JOURNAL/VOLUME: 5 NUMBER: 29 PAGES: 3 SUMMARY OF PROBLEM TO BE INVESTIGATED: SUMMARY OF PROBLEMS TO BE INVESTIGATED This article primarily pertains to sonongraphic technique meant to envisage relevant observable translucencies that are felt during certain trimesters of pregnancies…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.2% of users find it useful
Journal Article
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Journal Article"

JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW Examination of Intracranial Translucency as a Marker for Early Detection of Open Spina Bifida Gabriele Tonni, PhD, MD JOURNAL/VOLUME: 5 NUMBER: 29 PAGES: 3 SUMMARY OF PROBLEM TO BE INVESTIGATED: SUMMARY OF PROBLEMS TO BE INVESTIGATED This article primarily pertains to sonongraphic technique meant to envisage relevant observable translucencies that are felt during certain trimesters of pregnancies. The main aim was to determine the development of the brain structures so that appropriate clarifications could be made contrasting both normal and abnormal structure of the brain formation. The following research questions were used to guide the research process; 1. Can sonographic techniques be used to calculate the exact maternal risk during echogenic process? 2. What is the appropriate landmark in determining the normal and abnormal brain structure during fetal formation? 3. What is the significance of determining the fetal brain formation between the first few weeks and the last few weeks? 4. What are the specific differences in the outcomes of nuchal translucency screening, maternal screening and combine screening in relation to the brain development of a fetus? 5. Is there any quality assurance concerning fetal prenatal Down syndrome during screening? REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE Lachman et al. categorically illustrate how sonographic studies relating to the brain’s posterior can be achieved through the use of titled axial view. In addition to this, there were some positive results when OSB was used to demonstrate how the fourth ventricle is delineated by a thin membrane (Lachman et al. 103-106). The knowledge of anatomical landmarks is quite significant to sonographers as it can be applied by the management to the provision of counseling (Chaoui et al. 609-612). The posterior brain area can be easily visualized at the same point with midsagittal essentially for aneuploidies screening. Moreover, the axial plane can be retrieved through trans-vaginal, anterior or other approaches done together for respective examination (fourth ventricle). MATERIALS/METHODS AND ANALYSIS OF METHODS In order to achieve appropriate results in relation to the fact findings of this research, different methods were used; however, the main approach involved the use of sonographic techniques. Through this method, examination was done with an aid of a high resolution ultrasound system. In this regard, sonographic systems such as harmonic imaging high resolution, wide aperture, which use the applications of cross beam with speckle reduction and dynamic range, were used. In addition, the scanning methods applied enabled the visualization of the midsagittal section and the correct NT measurements were therefore found to be between 84 to 84 mm where fetal images could be magnified to approximately 75% (Tonni 216-219). An alternative method was the use of two calipers where one is placed at the internal echogenic while another is placed close to the fetal skin where the nasal bones can easily be visualized. Furthermore, sonography can also be applied in this case as a means of traversing a statistical model and facilitating the calculation of exact material risks to the aneuploidies. These aneuploidies are variously classified as trisomy 21, trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 respectively and allow for an upward probe to enhance a reflection angle method of evaluation. It was therefore discovered that the midsagittal section of normal fetuses and the cisterna magna extend the entire ventricle and are basically subdivided by an epithelium membrane visualized as trans versing translucently fields with fluid during 11 to 13 weeks period (Tonni 216-219). DISCUSSION OF THE FINDINGS AND APPLICATION TO PRACTICE This research was carried out after monitoring different trimesters to find out how the brain actually develops to eventually gain normalcy. However quite a number of fact findings were used. Notably, when a sample size of 200 normal fetuses aged 11 and 13 weeks was examined, it was discovered that they were characterized by having an anteroposterior diameter of approximately 2.0 mm; in addition, the echogenic lines of the nasal born were made visible and the cross-sections of the nuchal tissues were measured. This was made possible by placing a clipper resenting the soft tissues at the top while another was made at the bottom making it much easier for the sonographer to determine the variation difference by simply doing a measurement. Additionally, there was clear evidence that the marginal section of the normal fetus always had their cisterna magna extended along the whole surface of the ventricle and would only be separated by an epithelium piece of membrane. (Tonni 216-219) EVALUATION OF THE CREBILITY OF THE STUDY: The research was found to be quite credible since the results provide significant information to the sonographers pertaining to the detection of OSB and shows the various radiology operation and implementation management authorities, the necessity of counseling pregnant mothers. Moreover, it also provides crucial information on obstetrical patients and comparable needs to assist their progress (Tonni 216-219). Works Cited Chaoui, Rabih, and Kypros Nicolaides. “Detecting Open Spina Bifida at the 11-13 Week Scan by Assessing Intracranial Translucency and the Posterior Brain Region: Mid-Sagittal or Axial Plane?” Ultrasound Obstet Gyneco 38.6 (2011): 609-612. Print. Lachmann, Robert, Rabih Chaoui, Jose Moratalla, Gemma Picciarelli, and Kypros H. Nicolaides. “Posterior Brain in Fetuses with Open Spina Bifida at 11 to 13 Weeks.” Prenatal Diagnosis 31(2011): 103-106. Print. Tonni, Gabriele. “Examination of Intracranial Translucency as a Marker for Early Detection of Open Spina Bifida.” Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 29.5 (2013): 216-219. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Journal Article Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 2”, n.d.)
Journal Article Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 2. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1486371-journal-article
(Journal Article Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 2)
Journal Article Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 2. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1486371-journal-article.
“Journal Article Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 2”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1486371-journal-article.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Journal Article

Journal

...empty shampoo bottles fall in the tub that have been accumulated over time. The reader expects him to request to throw them away; on the contrary, he instructs them to put them back in order. Similarly, the instructions regarding mending the shower curtain and calling for help when none of his techniques work is hilarious. Thus Frazier points to an everyday incident which rather proves to be quirky and troublesome in an amusing way. Journal Writing This article reminds me of something really annoying, particularly when one is in a rush. Purses, wallets, hand bags and all other types of bags sometimes become a nuisance, if anything goes wrong with the straps, or zippers, or the safety locks. Even the inside pockets of...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Journal Articles

...? The Western Expansion and the American Politics: An Analysis of Michael A. Morrison’s "'New Territory versus No Territory The Whig Party and the Politics of Western Expansion, 1846-1848" (YOUR NAME) (YOUR PROFESSOR) (THE DATE) Introduction 1846-1848 were significant years in the making of the American nation. These two short years marked the outbreak of the Mexican-American War which decided the actual territory of what would be the United States of America. A monumental factor that contributed to the idea of the US territorial expansion was the political dispute between the emergent parties at that time – the Whigs and the Democratic Parties. The Democratic Party’s intense support for the principle of the Manifest Destiny... The Western...
4 Pages(1000 words)Article

Communication journal

...?Communication Journal Communication Journal Cognitive Preparing for presentation is not an easy task especially if it is an individual’s first time to address the group of people. The main challenge comes when selecting the language and tone to address the audience. Class presentation might not be easy like addressing each member of the class independently. However, despite the tussle, I learned numerous essential requirements that an individual must acquaint him or herself with in preparing for a presentation. The initial vital requirement is the analysis of the audience by highlighting their values and interest as well their expectation. After understanding the values and expectation of the audience,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Article

Journal 1

...? Leadership Development al Affiliation) Table of Contents LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT 3 BECOMING A SERVANT LEADER 3 I HAVE A DREAM 4 THINKING ETHICALLY 5 THEORIES OF VISIONING AND GOAL SETTING 6 JOURNEY TO THE EAST, HERMAN HESSE 6 GANDHI 8 References 10 Vaughan, A. J. (n.d). Vision and Meaning: Two sides of the same coin. Attached 10 Velasquez, M. Andre, C. Shanks, T. S.J. and Meyer, M.J. (n.d). Thinking Ethically: A Framework for Moral Decision Making. Attached 10 LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT BECOMING A SERVANT LEADER Committed leaders often refer to those who lust for leadership and willingness to serve. They are identified by their wisdom, sincerity, authority and courage. They usually have human quality and strong commitment... Leadership...
5 Pages(1250 words)Article

Journal 3

... Leadership development Section A 12 ways to better team building The most important aspect of leadership is to ensure that your team members are able to work as a unit. It is the only way through which success can be realized. According to Ellen Belzer, there are twelve ways in which one can ensure that effective team building exists. The following are the methods which are very crucial: The first thing as a team leader is to get personal; ensure you understand the motive of each of your team members. For example if you are doing an IT project, some people might be interested in software while others in hardware. It will be appropriate to distinguish the two. The second thing is to focus on the goals through defining the mission... Leadership...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article

Journal critiqe

...?Journal critique Number Basic Information about the Journal a. of the Journal Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc b. Publisher of the Journal Springer-Verlag c. Number of articles in the issue Volume 18, Issue 8, 20 Articles d. Is this a special edition No Are there Established guidelines for authors by the publisher? Yes, they are found on the Springer website e. Editor of the Journal Editor-in-Chief J. Karlsson, Sweden Assistant Editor-in-Chief R. Becker, Germany Senior Editor R. Verdonk, Belgium Associate Editors K. P. Benedetto, Austria M. Brittberg, Sweden J. Calder, United Kingdom A. Georgoulis, Greece P. Hardy, France R. J. Johnson, USA R....
4 Pages(1000 words)Article

Journal assignment

... Religion and Theory Ingrid Mattson, Women of Muslim Ingrid Mattson is one of the frontiers in the female empowerment in the Muslim community who have come up to condemn female discrimination. The agenda of female discrimination has generated heat not only in the muslim community but also across the global sphere. The perception that males should dominate in the society has been acquired and propagated through generation in majority of the world cultures. In Islam, the situation is worse and women still have to stand up to be included in the social, political, economic and religious spheres in the contemporary society. These are major concerns of Ingrid in her series of videos on “Women of Muslim” and their roles in the society... Religion...
4 Pages(1000 words)Article

Journal Entry

...Journal Entry I have been thinking about my studies so far with regard to the question of first language acquisition and I’m of the opinion that there is no conclusive evidence about how a child acquires his first language. We somehow end up speaking the language that our parents use so it is only logical to assume that they taught it to us. However, we cant remember being taught the tenses of verbs, possessive pronouns, or adjectives and adverbs. Yet, we somehow acquire the skill to use them at an early age. We werent taught these things; we acquired them through some other means. Our parents did not teach us to breathe or to swallow. We learned to walk on our own and we picked up speech without the aid of a teacher....
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Academic Journal

... The use of surveillance cameras in a Riyadh shopping mall: Protecting profits or protecting morality? Rapid urbanization has become a norm in most cities around the world. Riyadh is not an exception and it has witnessed rapid urbanization and population growth with the High Commission for the Development of Riyadh reporting population growth from 30,000 in 1930 to 3.1 million in 1997 and an almost doubled population in 2005 of 5,797,971 (qtd. in Alhadar and McCahill 317). Although the country has remained a religious state with the citizens observing Islamic beliefs and values, there has been an increase in the number of police in the country with a further creation of a Moral Police Force. On the other hand, the US Commercial... The use...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Journal

...Journal Affiliation: The journal article discusses the debt among college and which has had a negative impact on the economy particularly in buying their own homes. The students are continually laded by the burden of their student loans for colleges and undergraduate degree. Once they are through with these debts and to some even before they complete the payment, they are added yet another debt in graduate school (Mitchell, 2014). The increase in the interest rates of the college debt from 2007 due to the inflation has clearly not helped the debt problem, if anything it has even increased the burden of the students a notch and the effects are being felt on the economy. Statistics indicate that...
1 Pages(250 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Journal Article for FREE!

Contact Us