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: Country with High Mortality Rates (1250 words min) - Term Paper Example

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Introduction: Whereas it might be convenient to select a nation that experiences a relatively high level of human development, growth or low mortality rates, those nations that struggle within the world system are the more appropriate cases to focus upon due to the fact that a thorough analysis of the metrics that contribute to their hardships allows the reader/stakeholder to pinpoint those issues that can be leveraged as a means of ameliorating their respective hardships…
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Term Paper: Country with High Mortality Rates (1250 words min)
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Download file to see previous pages Geography Located on what is called the “Horn of Africa”, Somalia occupies a tropical/arid region in which a relatively low rainfall inhibits the overall level to which crops or other food can be raised. Although the nation is capable of supporting its own population, continual war and the fluctuations of climate have made this all but impossible. Population: With a total area of over 500,000 square kilometers, the nation is quite large; however, it only boasts a population of under 10 million individuals; due in no small part to the issues of public health and low mortality rates due to decades of war and continued violence; both ethnic and religious. Government: Due to the fact that the nation has experienced decades of violence and civil war, there has been no central/federal government which has been able to direct the affairs of the nation. Although attempts have been made to create a federal government, these have continually been mired in failure due to the fact that nation was never able to be brought under the direction of a single government entity. Recent years have seen the rise and fall of the Transitional Federal Government as it was unable to bring the Islamic Courts Union, which controlled the majority of the South of Somalia, under its jurisdiction and control. Economy: As a direct result of this continued strife, violence, and hardship, the formation of a stable and diverse economy has been all but impossible to sustain. Although it is true that some semblance of an existing economy is evidenced within Somalia, these are almost entirely based upon primary extracts of raw material of the nation. Moreover, even a cursory analysis of Somalia within the past several years indicates that much of the economy has been founded upon piracy and extortion. With little opportunity and you means of developing themselves into a more profitable people, many young Somalis have turned to piracy as a means of providing their families with much-needed income. Naturally, this dependence upon piracy has further alienate the remainder of the world as this action fundamentally affects world trade; causing entities such as India, the Russian Federation, the European Union, and the United States to shun Somalia and form something of a naval blockade. State of Health (Diseases/Violence/Accidents) As one might expect, the continued strife and violence that has existed within Somalia for over 20 years has created something of a healthcare disaster. Prior to the civil war in 1991, the socialist government had provided for nearly every healthcare need that the population might have. A medical coverage in excess of 95% was effected. However, as a result of the ensuing strife, these facilities were largely destroyed, the personnel that staffed them either killed or fled the country, and the mortality rate more than doubled (Coninx, 2011). It is estimated that average life expectancy in Somalia is currently 48 years of age for a man and 52 years of age for a female. This drastic decrease in pre-1991 levels cannot ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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