Nobody downloaded yet

Chemical Dependency - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Determinants of Substance Abuse Name: School: Determinants of Substance Abuse Substance abuse has remained a major concern among groups of all ages. Throughout an ordinary day in 2006, the following numbers of youths took the following substances: 7,970 took alcohol, 4,348 took illicit drugs, 4082 smoked cigarettes and 2517 took pain relievers without a doctor’s prescription (Johnston et al., 2010)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.2% of users find it useful
Chemical Dependency
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Chemical Dependency"

Download file to see previous pages In 2009, people between 18 and 25 had the highest levels of drug use; 21.2 percent, which is driven by the increased consumption of marijuana. Forty-two percent of those between 18 and 25; 36.3 percent among the adults between 26 and34 and among 19.2 percent of those beyond 35 years reported to be binge drinkers (UDHHS, 2010). Among the adults that were dependent on alcohol consumption, the consumption medical drugs without prescription and the use of illicit drugs was higher. Determinants of substance Abuse Different biological, environmental, social, genetic and psychological factors are linked to the increasing levels of substance abuse. The factors determining alcohol consumption include race, gender, age, ethnicity, income levels, sexual orientation and educational attainment (CDC, 2011). The abuse of drugs and other substances is strongly determined by household, interpersonal and community dynamics (CDC, 2011). Among the major influencers of drug and substance abuse are social networks, family and peer pressure, especially among adolescents. For example, different studies show that marijuana consumption was triggered by interacting with siblings and friends that take them. The in-depth understanding of these factors will form key areas in countering drug and substance abuse in America as well as elsewhere (Galea, Nandi & Vlahov, 2004). Indirect and direct financial costs Drug abuse is a principle public health problem, which impacts the society at multiple levels. Directly or indirectly, all human communities are affected by drug use and abuse, particularly at the family level. Approximate costs of substance abuse for the US Source: (NIDA, n.d) Substance abuse costs USD 484 billion every year. These figures compare, to a large extent, to the costs incurred during the fight to deal with chronic diseases. Diabetes costs USD 131.7 and Cancer takes about USD 171.6 billion in a year (NIDA, N.D). Drug abuse as major cause for the public health problems Americans view drug abuse as a principal cause of health problems. For example, tobacco contributes about 11-30 percent of cancer deaths (NIDA, n.d). The abuse of tobacco, MDMA, cocaine, steroids and amphetamines contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease. Tobacco contributes about 30 percent of heart disease cases every year. In relation with the increasing spread of HIV/AIDS, 30.3 percent of the infection rates reported in 2000 (11,635) and hepatitis infections resulted from injection drug consumption. About 50 percent of the AIDS cases among children (4700 in 2002) were reportedly caused by the use of injection drug administration by the mother, or through sexual intercourse between the mother and a person infected through the channel (NIDA, n.d). Other indirect costs of substance abuse include drugged drinking, which constitutes between 10 and 22 percent of road crashes; violence, where among the people arrested for crimes like assault, theft and homicide, many were under the influence of illicit substances during the time of crime and arrest. Substance abuse is related to the acquisition of different consequences, including injuries, illness, and death – particularly following the consumption of alcohol, tobacco or other addictive drugs. During 2000, about 460,000 deaths could be traced to smoking and the abuse of drugs (NIDA, n.d). Psychological and physical ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Chemical Dependency Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Chemical Dependency Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1482952-chemical-dependency
(Chemical Dependency Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Chemical Dependency Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1482952-chemical-dependency.
“Chemical Dependency Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1482952-chemical-dependency.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Chemical Dependency

Chemical enginering

...What is your intended major? Every person has his own reasons for choosing his particular occupation. This occupation can be a source of income or a hobby. But regardless of the reason the idea of being on the right place doing what is necessary is the force driving people forward to new horizons. In my case, I was influenced to become a chemical engineer by both the society I live in and my family. I started to think about my future when I was only fourteen. One of my friends invited me to attend his graduation ceremony at UC Berkeley. When his name was called he proudly walked up the stage and received his first class honour degree certificate in biology. The ceremony was simply fascinating and the deep impression...
4 Pages(1000 words)Personal Statement

How Gambling, Chemical Dependency, and Racial Discrimination Affect our Urban Community

...? How Gambling, Chemical Dependency, and Racial Discrimination Affect Our Urban Community Reliable estimates concerning the prevalence of gambling in Ohio reveal that an adult population of 2-5% has become pathological or problematic gamblers. The great numbers of casinos, which are operated at close proximity to residents, raise the likelihood to have at least 3% of total adult population living in the urban areas, develop gambling addiction at some stage in life. Ohio administrations have a very high budget record on the resources set aside to management of gambling addiction through treatment as well as through counseling. Associated to the gambling menace have been the overindulgence in alcohol and...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Chemical Dependency

...Chemical Dependency Contents Contents 2 Introduction 2 Purpose of Study 3 Significance of the Study 3 3 Research Questions 3 Methodology 4 Findings 4 Conclusion 5 Bibliography 6 Abstract "Chemical dependency" and ingestion disorders are multifarious and severe situation which modify the bodily as well as psychological condition of an individual. They are persistent and usually lethal diseases foundational on the obsessive utilization of "mood-altering" chemical gist or foodstuff. In current years, "chemical dependency and eating disorders" have turn out to be gradually more prevailing in the United States of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Alcohol Dependency

...Introduction The problem of alcohol dependence has become a widespread phenomenon in Australia. Yet the problem is not confined to this nation alone. All over the world, alcohol dependency, especially among the youth, alcohol dependence is becoming a major societal problem. In this paper, I intend to provide a critique of the study by Alati, Najman, Kinner, Mamun, Williams, O' Callaghan and Bor entitled "Early Predictions of Adult Drinking: A Birth Cohort Study" published in the American Journal of Epidemiology in 2005. To summarize, the study researched on the effects and relation of birth stress, maternal alcoholic consumption and rearing practices on the development of alcohol...
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review

Chemical Synapses

...Discuss the Processes that must Occur at the End of a PRESYNAPTIC AXON to Cause the Release of a Neurotransmitter and then the Effects the Neurotransmitter has on the POSTSYNAPTIC NEURON to Cause that Neuron to form Action Potentials. The transmission of information at chemical synapses involves the release of a neurotransmitter from a presynaptic cell, diffusion across the synaptic cleft, and binding of the neurotransmitter to specific receptors on the postsynaptic membrane to produce a change in membrane potential. In chemical synapses, there is a gap between the presynaptic cell membrane and the postsynaptic cell membrane, known as the synaptic cleft. Information is transmitted across the synaptic...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Alcohol/Chemical Dependency

...Alcohol/Chemical Dependency Concrete Experience My father has learned with the passage of time that addictions have to be abandoned and they just cannot take up someone’s life like that. They are mere addictions and with the help and facilitation of the near and dear ones plus a little bit of understanding on the part of his own self, he has realized that he could have let go on this bad habit of his. Yet somehow or the other he finds himself stuck in a quagmire of which he cannot find any solace. Alcohol addition has completely ruined his life and it has left him in shambles in front of one and all. The extent of his involvement was so immense that he did not have any knowledge of what was happening...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Old dependency ratio(demography)

...Will the high old dependency ratio cause a bad situation in future? At earlier stage in this we discussed about dependency ratio which show much non-working population could burden on working age population. With time, U.S has gone through demographic transition period; mortality and fertility both have fallen, and therefore, old dependency ratio has been raised. We might not as yet conclude that there would be a terrific outcome in the future. But I somewhat got into a negative nuance due to the rising cost of social security program, supported from others’ tax payments. We learned from lectures, in the demographic transition, the population age distribution changes in certain patterns, corresponding to the change in fertility... and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Lab Report

Chemical Principles

...approximately equal to 180o. SECTION B NOTE: Some of the answers to this section REQUIRE structural formulae drawn in Symyx Draw (freeware available from the Accelrys website). There is a tutorial in the Organic folder of the Chemical Principles module in Blackboard to assist in learning how to use Symyx Draw. B1 Identify the hybridization of the atom to which the arrow is pointing in penicillin below: (a) s (b) sp (c) sp2 (d) sp3 (c) sp2 B2 Identify the bonding shape of the atom to which the arrow is pointing in penicillin below: (a) Spherical (b) linear (c) trigonal (d) tetrahedral (b) Linear B3 Identify the number of amide functional groups in the antibiotic penicillin below: (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 (b) 2 B4 Which...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Chemical sensor

...Amperometric Glucose Sensor Amperometric Glucose Sensor Introduction Overview of the Need for Amperometric glucose sensor in health sector In contemporary health sector, increased incidences of glucose concentration levels spur need for urgent self-control measures. Such development measures includes establishment of self-monitoring devices including amperometric glucose sensors that can revolutionize complicated disease conditions. Effective diagnosis and subsequent treatment glucose level borne diseases such as diabetes is dependent on proper monitoring and maintenance. The paper will explicitly discuss amperometric glucose sensors ad a biomedical device that integrates electrochemical techniques in monitoring given analyte... that...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Mobile phone dependency

...EFFECTS OF PHONES ON FACE TO FACE COMMUNICATION   Contents Effects of Phones on Face-To-Face Communication 3 Introduction 3 Literature review 3 Reasons for the prevalence of phones to face to face communication. 3 Problem Statement 6 Methodology 6 Results 7 Discussion 8 Impact of dominance of the mobile phones 8 a.Merits of using phones on communication. 8 b.Demerits of using phones for communication. 9 Proposed Methods of preventing over- dependence on mobile phones 10 Conclusion 11 Recommendation 12 References 13 Effects of Phones on Face-To-Face Communication Introduction Communication is the process of exchanging facts between two or more parties and is said to be effective when the message been passed fully understood... it hinders them...
24 Pages(6000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Chemical Dependency for FREE!

Contact Us