Basically, the axial skeleton functions as a protective case for the internal organs of the central nervous system, which is protected by the skull and the spinal column, and the heart, which is protected by the rib cage and the breastbone (“Axial and Appendicular Skeleton” 2013). …
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The appendicular skeleton, on the other hand, as the name implies, consists of the appendages, which include the upper limbs and the lower limbs. The upper limbs include the humerus, the radius and ulna, and the carpals and metacarpals. The lower limbs include the femur, the tibia, the fibula, the tarsals, and the metatarsals. Other components of the appendicular skeleton include the shoulder girdles, consisting of the scapulae and the collar bones, or clavicles, and the pelvic girdle, made up of the coxal or hip bones, which include the ilium, ischium and pubis. The appendicular skeleton functions for helping the various joints of the body perform better and make the body run in a smoother fashion. The appendicular skeleton too functions for movement, locomotion and the performance of any tasks done by the arms, hands, legs and feet (“Axial and Appendicular Skeleton”).
Detailed Functions of the Skeleton
The functions of the skeleton include providing support for soft tissues, production of red blood cells, storage of minerals and lipids, and coordination of the muscular system to effect movement and support for the body, in order to carry out the will of the individual concerning any activity that requires physical movements (“The Skeletal System” 2013). As for support and physical movement, the structure of the bone in the form of a tubular shape with a hard and dense circumference and a hollow center is the one that efficiently and effectively affords maximum support for the body.
As for support and physical movement, the structure of the bone in the form of a tubular shape with a hard and dense circumference and a hollow center is the one that efficiently and effectively affords maximum support for the body. Moreover, in terms of the protective support that it gives the soft organs, the skull protects the brain; the rib cage and sternum protect the lungs and the heart; and the pelvis and the pelvic girdle provide protection for the reproductive system. In terms of movement, the bones provide anchorage for the muscles. The origin is where the muscle is fixed to a bone, and the insertion is the moving point of attachment. Finally, still in terms of the movement function, bones meet other bones at joints in order to allow varying degrees of movement (“The Skeletal System – Introduction” 2013). Another function of the skeletal system, particularly the bone marrow, is to carry out hematopoiesis, or the process by which a single type of stem cell gives rise to all types of mature red blood cells in the body. In the adult human being, this is carried out by the bone marrows of the skull, and those of the ribs, sternum, vertebra, pelvis, and the proximal ends of the thigh bones or femurs (Ownby 2002). In terms of the storage of minerals and lipids, the bone is where several metabolically active minerals are stored, especially calcium, which is the most abundant mineral in the human body. Calcium is essential in regulating the intracellular activities of muscle cells and neurons. Moreover, lipids are stored in the yellow marrow of the bone. These lipids are essential in the regulation of body heat, for providing heat, and as a structural component of cell membranes (“Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure” 2013). 1.3 Structure of Bone Tissue
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(“The Skeletal System Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
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(The Skeletal System Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“The Skeletal System Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1479911-the-skeletal-system.
While driving through an intersection, another car went through the red light and struck the driver's training car. Based on your understanding of the functions of bone, consider the different potential injuries that can occur and list at least four functions and provide examples of how the body was able to respond to or address the physical trauma from the collision.
The human skeletal system is responsible for giving shape to the body and also plays a vital role in protesting organs and locomotion. The bones and its associated cartilages and joints together comprise the skeletal system of the body.
Skeletal or striated muscles usually work in groups to achieve a specific movement in the body. A bicep curl is the net effect of 2 muscles located in the upper portion of the arm. The bicep curl is a movement that takes place in conjunction with the bones to which the biceps brachii and the triceps muscles are attached respectively (McKinley & O’Loughlin, 2008).
The term smooth is given due to its non-striated visualization under the microscope. Smooth muscle cell is relatively short, about 30-200 micrometer in length, with fusiform shape. The cross sectional diameter is about 5-10 micrometer and unlike other types of muscles, smooth muscle cell has a single nucleus.
Alot of changes occur between infancy to late adulthood. In this text, we focus on the series of events or rather changes that occur during late adulthood. This is considered to be the final stage of a person’s life cycle. It starts from the age of sixty five years onwards.
When fertilization occurs, the egg comes to the uterus where the development of embryo begins. The response of the ovarian cycle in case of fertilization is that the uterine lining becomes thick in anticipation of implantation of a fertilized egg. The uterine lining becomes thick because of progesterone secreted by corpus luteum that forms in the ovary.
cate procedure that needs the recruitment of proper cells and the consequent manifestation of the proper genes at the correct time and correct, structural locations. Three phases of fracture healing exist, and are swelling, repairing, and remodeling. Proper cells include