Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Essay Example

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  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Name: Institution:           Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease involves the occurrence of chronic emphysema or bronchitis, two of frequently synchronized conditions of the lungs in which the there is narrowing of the airways over time…
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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"Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease"

Therefore, the degree of individuals with respiratory issues and linked comorbidities will augment in the coming years and become an even large challenge to health care givers (Longmore, Longmore, Wilkinson & Supraj, 2004). This paper will look at the symptoms and signs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the older adult dissimilarities in the clinical, radiologic, and microbiologic characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cancer in the aged people in comparison to the youthful individuals. Shortness of breath is one of the most widespread symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Individuals suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complain of insufficient air supply. Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease characteristically become aware of dyspnea when performing thorough exercise when there is the largest demand for lungs. Dyspnea tends to grow progressively detrimental so that it can become evident during daily, milder duties, for example, housework. In severe phases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dyspnea may become so severe that it is regularly present and occurs even during rest. Additional symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease include tiredness, persistent cough, chest tightness, wheezing, and mucus production or sputum (Mahler, 2006). Individuals with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may experience respiratory failure. Cyanosis may occur when this happens. Cyanosis refers to a condition where lips discolor due to lack of or inefficient oxygen in the blood. Too much carbon dioxide in the blood may cause twitching, drowsiness, or headaches. There are also a number of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease signs that may be evident. These signs may include a fast breathing rate, crackles or wheezing sounds in the lungs experienced through a stethoscope, exhaling lasting for a longer period than inhaling, increase in size of the chest, specifically the distance between front and back, frequent utilization of neck muscles to assist in breathing, breathing through tighten lips, and enhanced anteroposterior to the chest’s lateral ratio (Horn, Pao & Johnson, 2012). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is especially diagnosed by pulmonary function tests. Spirometry or straightforward measurement of airflow may be undertaken in a medical specialist’s office to prove chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The diagnosis is determined by a comprehensive pulmonary function test performed in a standardized laboratory, incorporating forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume. The seriousness of the condition may also be determined by blood gas examination (Kumar & Clark, 2005). Diagnosis may also be performed through a chest x-ray which will give essential information on the seriousness of the condition. Finally, physical examinations may provide essential information regarding the chest condition. The overall treatment objectives for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are to maintain quality of life, optimize lung function, prevent acute complications and flare-ups, limit or terminate disease advancement, and maintain airflow. The utilization of bronchodilator is the basis of treatment. It ensures enhancement in lung function. Inhaled drugs are quick to open the airways. Anticholinergic medicines that relax the airway’s smooth muscles may also be provided to regulate the seditious process. In Read More
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