Nursing Theories Name Lecturer Date Introduction This paper seeks to discuss the core concepts of nursing theories consistent to contemporary nursing theories. The paper explores and compares the metaparadigm concepts of nursing from a personal perspective and the perspective of nursing theorist…
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For example, the life of human beings and the whole universe revolves around these concepts. In my opinion, human being is an incorporated whole composed of internal psychological, physical and social nature with differing degrees of ability of self care. Humanity is a real or substantial unity whose parts attain perfection and are formed through differentiation during the development process. Human beings are able to reflect and use symbols. On the other hand, health and healthy describes the state of the living things. This is a state of well being including the condition of a person identified by pleasure, contentment, and happiness among others (Jim, 2010). Nursing as a concept is an art in which the nursing practitioner provides a specialized assistance to people with disabilities who need help in order to attain their daily requirements of self care. Finally, environment in my opinion is the surrounding of patients that may impact on their ability to carry out their self care activities. This may include dimensions such as chemical, physical, biological features and socio-economical features. The later include atmosphere, weather, pollutants, infectious organisms and pests, while the former may include community, family, gender and gender roles, cultural prescriptions of authority, and cultural roles (Potter & Perry, 1992). According to Martha Rodgers in her 1970 book, '' The Theoretical Basis of Nursing", human beings are seen as seen as open energy field possessing a distinct and unique life experiences. Just like energy field, human beings are much different from and greater than the sum of their parts and cannot be anticipated from the knowledge of their parts. Human beings are dynamic, unique, multidimensional, and sentient capable of creativity, abstract reasoning, self responsibility and aesthetic appreciation. Humans are valued persons, nurtured, respected and understand and make informed choices concerning their health. Martha Rodgers considers dimensions such as biological, spiritual, psychological, intellectual, and socio-cultural dimensions as stages of human development because they affect the health and behavior of human beings (Rodgers, 1970). Environment, according to nursing theorists, is a geography and landscape of human social experience. She considers environment as a context or setting of experience as a daily life and consists of variations in time, space and quality. This human geography includes social, global, personal, national and beyond. Martha asserts that environment also entails societal values, beliefs, customs, mores and expectations. The environment is like an energy field in the mutual process with the energy field of human and is understood as an arena where by the client of nursing encounters caring relationships, aesthetic beauty, threats to wellness, and lived health experiences. The environmental dimensions that may impact on health include psychosocial, physical, historical, cultural, political, economical and developmental processes and aspects of the social world (Gunther, 2011). In nursing theorist perspective, health is a dynamic process. She describes health as the synthesis of illness and wellness defined by the nursing client perception of the across the life span. The view of health concentrates on the whole nature of the client in social, moral, physical, and aesthetic realms. Martha, a nursing theorist asserts that health is relational and
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These concepts are broadly defined in their metaparadigm, and such metaparadigms comprise of several major concepts.Such metaparadigms are considered to be the boundaries or limits of any practice. This is not much different in the nursing practice.
It is often seen to embody concept development and concept clarification. The notion is represented by various approaches which differ primarily in their procedure and rationale. For instances these can be due to different perceptions of an object in literature or the different vantage points it is seen from (Powers & Knapp, 1995).
They tend to exhibit ultra confidence about their skills and expertise and think other people are inferior to them. However, they have delicate self-esteem and are susceptible to the slightest criticism. Jeanette centres everything about her and goes on the defensive when given any criticism.
In most cases, pain is the primary reason often driving patients to seek medical care (Mobily, Herr, and Kelley, 1993, p. 537). Pain causes discomfort, stress, and anxiety to patients and unrelieved pain can sometimes prove devastating to patients, often compromising the quality of their lives and preventing them from carrying out their daily activities (Ferrel, 1995, p.
Crime and longitudinal criminal activities are synonymous aspects of the various societies. This research paper explores different societies and different or similar forms of criminal activities. The researcher also presents the developmental crime theory and factors that may make individuals indulge or begin to develop criminal motives.
Consequently, self care is a broader concept that covers hygiene, nutrition, and physical exercise and life style changes without the assistance of health care professionals. The individuals undertaking self care should however be well informed by the technical skills and knowledge derived from professional medical experience.
The discharge process begins once one is admitted and continues throughout his/her stay in the hospital. Upon discharge, the patient or their surrogate is issued with written instructions by the respective medical practitioner. In addition, the practitioner explains in details the contents of the discharge instructions.
However, the biggest restorative function is probably one that is never in the limelight. This is the task of ensuring that individual’s health is looked after beyond the apparent return to normalcy. It would be human nature for those charged with the responsibility of looking after the victims to feel alienated as their plight is never addressed.
This paper endeavors to give emphasis on contemporary nursing theories specifically focusing on a variety of aspects such as definitions, concept statements, metaparadigms, philosophies and conceptual models.
arge instructions is to inform patients what they are diagnosed with, how to manage their diagnosis at home, including making alterations in diet and what is to be expected, etc. The nurse is also required to let patients know and understand what symptoms should make them come
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