Critique a Research Article Name of the Article: The co-occurrence of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in parents of children with ASD or ASD with ADHD Name of the Authors: Daphne J. van Steijn, Jennifer S. Richards, Anoek M…
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However, recent studies presented that almost 50%-72% of genetic elements are responsible for repeated co-occurrences of such disorders to the same patient or to the particular family tree. Thus, the research problem that has been addressed in this article is whether (cross)–assortative mating or (cross)–parent of origin effects of ASD and ADHD in parents have any relationship with the co-occurrence of either ASD or ASD with ADHD among their children. Initially, the article was aimed at discovering whether ASD and ADHD share similar structural and functional brain abnormalities which would also prove the co-occurrences of such disorders among parents and children belonging to one family tree. In order to obtain this particular aim, the authors used a series of literature studies an interview process. Subsequently, the obtained conclusion stated that the two disorders share insignificantly similar structural bases and functional brain abnormalities (Steijn, Richards, Oerlemans, Ruiter, Aken, Franke, Buitelaar & Rommelse, 2012). Evaluation of the Research Methods Used Does the author provide a literature review? One of the main reasons or motivations to use literature review in a research process is the intention to verify or justify the concerned issue with reference to prior studies and already evaluated and rationalized outcomes (Cronin, Ryan & Coughlan, 2008). However, the aim of the article was to identify and comprehend a new dimension of the concerned research phenomenon, i.e. the possibilities and the probable causes of co-occurrences of ASD and ASD with ADHD among parents and children in the same family tree. Hence, a greater emphasis is provided towards primary sources through interview rather than on literature reviews in this article. Nevertheless, the authors make use of the secondary research in the introductory part to signify the literature gap and the scope of the research. Is the Research Current and Relevant to Today Existing Health Issues? A large number of treatments are undertaken currently with children suffering from autism. Recent studies have depicted that almost 1 out of every 88 children is diagnosed with an ASD, among which boys have been examined as 5 times more vulnerable to girls. However, scientists have been unable to provide any valid explanation for the increase in the diagnosis (Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, 2012). Moreover, it is also identified that symptoms of ADHD also create significant problems for more than half of all the children with autism or ASD syndrome. Unfortunately, both the disorders, ASD and ADHD are under recognized and under treated by doctors in majority of medical cases. Hence, there is a greater demand and need for researching on such crucial topic in order to gain significant insights about these disorders (Autism Speaks Inc, 2011). Thus, it can be stated that research on such critical topic in the current context is worth to be undertaken for ensuring enhanced public health. Describe the research type utilized? – Experimental, non-experimental, quasi experimental, etc. The authors have applied experimental research type for conducting the research study in order to establish the assumed cause and effect relationship between the
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Such factors are of major interest to schools of nursing and members of their faculty as they may be able to adjust their curriculum or admission requirements accordingly in order to achieve a higher rate of passing in the examination. Findings of this investigation may also help future test-takers in determining the type of preparatory programs and courses that they should take in order to aid them in succeeding at the examination.
Sample observations are then used to estimate specific population parameters. Validity of a study is determined by research tools and methods used in a study. Data collection and analysis tools not only influence the nature of data to be collected in a study, but also determine whether collected data will correctly answer research objectives (Fowler, 1984).
According to the author the rate of acute kidney injury is increasing over the days and so is the mortality associated with the injury. Thus the author puts forward that a nurse should necessarily know the symptoms associated with Acute Kidney Injury to reduce the severity of the problem.
G. & Ayanian, J. Z. (2010). This report is about a study which was performed with a strong background of increasing awareness of clinicians about the racial disparities that exist in the health sector. It aimed at improving communication so as to enhance the diabetes care among the black patients in eastern Massachusetts.
mous “Citrons Adaptation- Innovation Theory” was preferred since it allows to measure the cognitive style preference as a method of solving different issues.
The classes in the school of agriculture were mainly targeted for the research cram by using three different
Finally, purchasing groups involves the less stable groups purchasing liability insurance coverage as a block from an insurer.
4. The first question by Koviak (2004) entails the reasons for the current
The author does not discuss her research question but the scope of the article suggests the following research question.
The study’s design is also not explicit but literature review seems to have informed the study’s results, as the author refers to different studies.
The study also presents a statement of purpose, which is provided in the first two statements of the third paragraph. Specific research questions are stated, though not directly as questions. The research questions have been
The study has specified the research question which is to find out whether retention at repeated in person visits plays a significant role in the adults health.
The research question in this study is not well