Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Safe Injecting Facilities - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Safe injecting sites are an approach to harm reduction in which people can go to a safe place to inject drugs and connect with a variety of services. "Safe injection" remains controversial, as people question whether this is the right approach to tackling the problem of drug use in communities…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.1% of users find it useful
Safe Injecting Facilities
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Safe Injecting Facilities"

Download file to see previous pages These Safe injections sites also known as drug consumption rooms (DCRs), safe injection rooms, and supervised injection sites/facilities/centers, began in Europe in the 1980s. They now exist in cities in Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and Australia. The first safe injection site in North America, Insite, began operating as a pilot project in Vancouver, BC in 2003, and was recently given the go-ahead to remain open after a Supreme Court battle with the federal government (Keen, 2003).
Injection drug use continues to be associated with an array of significant health and social consequences throughout North America. These consequences are tied directly to the consumption of illicit drugs of unknown potency and composition, and the sharing of contaminated injection equipment; and indirectly, through unprotected sex with drug injectors, and through injectors’ immersion in black-market pursuits that result frequently in violent exchanges with criminals and the police.
Keen (2003) states that in the United States, injection drug use accounts for approximately 25% of all cumulative AIDS cases nationwide, but closer to 50% of all cases in several northeastern States. The number of new HIV infections reported nationwide among injectors increased 300% in the 1990s, from 6,474 new infections in 1993, to 13,969 in 1995, 17,344 in 1998 and 18,882 in 1999. Disease Injectors also suffer from very high rates of hepatitis C infection – 90% of people who have injected for 5 years or more are infected - and from endocarditis, an acute infection of the heart valves that is not commonly seen among young adults. Fatal and nonfatal drug overdose (OD) is also a prevalent medical problem among injectors, and hospital emergency rooms throughout the country attend to ODs virtually everyday. Emergency room (ER) visits involving heroin alone doubled from 33,900 in 1990 to 70,500 in 1996. Some medical experts have recently declared that the United States is in the midst of another heroin epidemic. On the other hand, injectors are known to use primary care services erratically and only after they are very sick, which drives up health care costs (Drug Policy expert Committee, 2000). The argument for safe injection sites Several research studies have shown that safe injection sites have advantages for drug injectors and for the community including reduction in many of the harmful aspects of drug use on the individual (spread of infections, risk of overdose) and to society (drug-related crime, public exposure to drug injecting paraphernalia), as well as positive benefits (increase in education about safety among injectors, more drug users accessing treatment and other services). Extensive research has been conducted at Insite in Vancouver, with positive results. The argument against safe injection sites Critics have argued against the introduction of safe injection sites largely based on the principle that drug addiction is wrong, and should not be condoned in any way. The political focus on reducing harm to drug users deflects the focus from where it belongs, which is on the prevention and treatment of drug abuse. Introducing safe injection sites is seen as a step towards drug legalization, and undermines law enforcement principles and practices. Researchers conclude that police surveillance may end up scaring away the very people North America's first sanctioned safer injecting facility is intended to help. While there have been methodological criticisms of the evaluation studies supporting safe injection sites, and Insite in particular, critics on the other side argue that there is no substantial basis for these criticisms. Ultimately, the strong views on both sides ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Safe Injecting Facilities Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Safe Injecting Facilities Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
“Safe Injecting Facilities Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Safe Injecting Facilities

Facilities Management

...Facilities Management Building a Better Future The article illustrates how integrating energy conservation into business models is vital. Nevertheless, it is not embraced because of the duration the ideology will take to benefit investors (return on investment). Energy conservation measures provide a means in which firms and institutions can save on operating costs and simultaneously creating an environmental friendly or conscious buildings in which the employees can operate (Taylor, ‘Building a Better Future’). The article reveals that the main problem with the initiative is the con that, it will take long for investors to see the benefit from their investments. The problem is evident in facilities such...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Facilities Management

...Facilities Management The Future is Green The article illustrates how buildings can incorporate the element of ‘going green’ in their structure. Based on the article, it has become an important factor to ensure that, buildings are developed in an environmental friendly way. There is an upward growth in development of ‘green buildings’, which is part of an initiative to create buildings that observe health factors and well-being for humans. The design of a building should primarily ensure safety as well as enhance productivity of those working in the building. Use of ‘going green buildings’ will serve to address these measures and concerns. (Cooper, ‘The Future is Bright Green’) The article provides a clear definition of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Facilities Management

...? Facilities Management Number Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Introduction 2 1.2.Background Information 2 1.3.Objectives and importance of Study 3 1.4.Organizational Framework of HSBC 3 2.0. Facilities Management Context 5 2.1. Introduction 5 2.2. Facilities Management Models 5 2.2.1. The Office Manager 6 2.2.2. Single Site Model 6 2.2.3. Localized Site Model 6 2.2.4. Multiple Site Model 6 2.2.5. International Model 6 2.3. Evolution of Facilities Management 7 2.4. Factors Influencing Growth of Facility Management. 7 2.5. Facilities Management Transformation 8 2.6. Support Service Facilities Management at HSBC 8 3.0. Facilities Management Strategy 10 3.1. Facilities Management Development Strategy 11 3.2. Strategic Analysis... of...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay


...? "Contracts are normally written by the legal team, they are by nature one sided (or try to be) - procurement is also a little one sided too, which leaves the facilities manager to pick up all the pieces and do the balancing act. The first step is developing a good relationship at the start with a good procurement process that produces a workable financial/compensation model, balances risk between the parties, defines expectations, establishes a strong communication method, sets up a beneficial performance management process (not just KPI's) and work together for success, not as a traditional master/slave relationship. " a. Discuss the above statement by critically examine the role of innovation in FM supply chain...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

A Report on Social Marketing Campaign

...are the population mainly concerned because the rates of HIV among the group are responsive to the slightest change in the accessibility of injecting apparatus. 3.2 Barriers Primarily, there is limited access of basic healthcare infrastructure in many developing countries. These facilities are needed to offer counselling and testing, observing the progress of patients and making sure compliance with drug regimes. The alternative of recruiting and training large numbers of new healthcare workers tends to be expensive both at an individual, non-governmental or government level bearing in mind that the US is the major donor on the fight against HIV infection. Other challenges include improving women’s...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Built facilities

...Teacher’s Influence of Digital Technology on Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Building Facilities Introduction Design, construction, and maintenance are the constituent parts of the building process of a facility. The methods used for these three elements are closely associated with the technical progress. No one would attempt to build a skyscraper without having proper building materials and construction technology. Industrial revolution made it possible. The current century is the era of digital technology. The specificity of this new technology is bound to influence design, construction and maintenance of the building process. The following sections illustrate how information technology is...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Facilities Management

...appears here] appears here] appears here] appears here] Facilities Management Facilities Management Project integration Project integration involves systematic distribution of various elements of a particular project. Basically different parts of a computing system or project, which are working and functioning separately, are combined together to integrate a project (Wikipedia, p.1). It is really vital to identify the main areas that need to be integrated within the system for project integration. The group of people involved or the project team workers perform all the important tasks that are necessary for the implementation of this process. This integration actually links the system or the project...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Facilities Management

...Strategic Hospitality: Facility Management of the Task (problem) You are the Executive Housekeeper of a resort hotel in Florida.You have been asked to give your professional opinion on the type of floor covering you would recommend for these areas of the resort that are going to be re designed six months from now. The areas in need of new floors are the resort coffee shop, the main lobby and the employ locker room. The weather is sub tropical with warm summer and mild winters. The property has two large swimming pools and the guests practice many water-sports at the nearby oceanfront. As a result, people staying at the resort often go to the front desk and concierge areas dripping water from their wet bath suits....
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Corrections Facilities

...Introduction Corrections facilities are established so as to handle persons convicted of criminal offences in a given society. The corrections system serves to punish persons involved in criminal offences through deprivation of life, property among other liberties. Punishments imposed upon criminal offenders include probation, financial penalties such as fines, home confinement, community corrections program, and serving time in prison. (Rothman 29) Goals of a correctional system The American correctional system was established to protect Its society from criminals Punish those who commit crimes Make criminal offenders better. This is with the aim of rehabilitating them by the time they return to the society. (Rothman...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The implementation of safe injecting rooms within Australian cities is a controversial one. Discuss the health care arguments for and against the implementation of these rooms their life, with an approximate 22.8% reporting to have used a banned drug within the prior 12 months. The debate on Safe Injecting Rooms Safe injecting rooms (also referred to as safe injecting facilities) represent legally endorsed, indoor facilities, where injecting drug use transpires under the direction of medically trained personnel, and in safe and hygienic state with access to a wide range of sterilized injecting equipment (Green2002, p.29). The fashioning of Self Injecting Facilities aims at attaining a set...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Safe Injecting Facilities for FREE!

Contact Us