Death and Dying, Rituals and Afterlife, Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks - Dissertation Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In every culture there exists some special attention allocated to death and beliefs associated with death. One of the earliest activities of man deals with death, the taboos linked to death and the last respects given to those who have died…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.9% of users find it useful
Death and Dying, Rituals and Afterlife, Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Death and Dying, Rituals and Afterlife, Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks"

Download file to see previous pages The ancient Greek had several beliefs related to the dead and dying, they had strong beliefs and rites which reflected the role of human soul, location and actions believed to have occurred after death and as a result they formulated strict rituals which were to be performed after a person died and their beliefs: which were interconnected with death played a fundamental role during the death rituals (Taylor 39-51). The funerals of the ancient Greek consisted of three acts which were observed to the minute detail. These acts comprised of the procedures of laying down the deceased’s body, the procession to the grave yard, and the actual burial of the cremated remains of the dead. Similar to most funerals in today’s civilized world; the ancient Greek displayed family wealth and kinship ties. It was both a ceremony and much like a social event to bid farewell to the dead as well as an act of consolation to the family of the deceased. However, this was a function that displayed the family’s wealth and kinship, it was further a rite of passage from the living soul to the afterlife and the main purpose was to support the soul along its journey to afterlife. (Taylor 83-109). The ancient Greek strongly believed that if the soul was not buried; then its entrance into the Hades would be compromised and thus the fundamental purpose of these rituals was extremely important to the future of the soul after death. Most of the ancient Greeks believe that; if the soul was not allowed to enter into the Hades then it was not be able to gain peace for it was to be disembodied. This created great fear among the Greeks and the denial of proper burial rites was often used as a punishment for those who had committed serious crimes during their lifetime. The most feared type of death was at sea since the body could not be retrieved to be accorded proper burial (Robben 61-75). Death Deities in Greek Legend and Myth Like in most religions, there were deities in Ancient Greek which were accorded roles and responsibilities during the personification of the deceased. There are various deities, who are either related to or are offered to the personification of the deceased and some of the most common deities that existed are as discussed below: Hades Hades was known as the underworld Greek god, it was the destination of the soul after the death of an individual. This god presided over the punishment of the deceased after he/she died. The name of the god was also the synonym of the underworld and it is similar to the Christian belief of the existence of Hell (Robben 93-117). Thanatos Thanatos was the brother of Hypnos and the son of Nyx; the god of sleep and also the goddess of night. Further, he was also the Greek death personification. When an individual passed away, it would be his responsibility to direct the soul to the underworld (Obayashi 24-33). The Fates Under Greek mythology, the Fates were three sisters which were responsible for the destiny of the soul. They were also associated with death as they determined for how long an individual was supposed to live before he died. The three sisters were: Clotho who spinned and individuals thread of life, Lachesis who determined the lifespan of a person, and Atropos who after the others had made their decisions, she would eventually cut the thread of life of an individual hence ending his life (Taylor 113-148). Greek Concept of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Death and Dying, Rituals and Afterlife, Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks Dissertation”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Death and Dying, Rituals and Afterlife, Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks Dissertation)
“Death and Dying, Rituals and Afterlife, Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks Dissertation”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Death and Dying, Rituals and Afterlife, Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks

The concept of death and the afterlife in Ancient Greece

...the sociological perspectives and elements of a given society. There are stories about what happens after death. This include some activities like the views on reincarnation and rebirth. This is mainly philosophical in nature and it defines the concepts and worldview of a people. Thus, the study of death cuts across spiritual, religious, cultural, philosophical and other legal elements of a society. It is in this line that the concept of death and the afterlife of the Ancient Greeks can be examined with depth and clarity. The Greek Cultural and Belief System Research indicates that the...
20 Pages(5000 words)Research Paper

Death and Dying Rituals in Islam

...?Death and Dying Rituals in Islam Order No. 519666 In Islam there is a strong belief among Muslims that there is a life after death and that had Heaven and Hell exists. The belief that there is an afterlife has led the Islamic faith to compartmentalize their thoughts and beliefs into three basic principles which are 1) The Unity of God, 2) Prophecy and 3) Eschatology. In this paper we would be discussing about the third phase which pertains to death and afterlife. According to the Holy Koran, every person that dies would be judged by God and would receive their...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Death and Dying

...). According to Hayslip and Peveto (2005), culture manipulates death and dying conceptions among individuals of different social or societal backgrounds. Beliefs and rituals contained in religion as well as cultures concerning death are significant determinants of people’s attitude, anxiety and fear towards it occurrence. Most beliefs assist the dying face the shift between life and death boldly, as well as uphold a feeling of worth and importance in their entire existence. It is argued that culture perceptions that instill temperate fear promote the subsistence of morality and great personal achievements. In addition, religious belief systems offer encouragements to the dying, and family as well friends to the dying individual... and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Beliefs About Death and Dying: The Chinese Buddhist Perspective

...much to contribute in helping people cope with bereavement. Most important of all, the assistance they provide should consider the unique beliefs and attitudes that other cultures have on death and dying. By respecting these beliefs, the counselor is able to bridge the cultural difference and expedite the relief of anxieties of those in mourning. References: Cowles, KV: Cultural perspectives of grief: an expanded concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing 23(2): 287-294, 1996. Cowles, KV, Rodgers BL: The concept of grief: a foundation for nursing research and practice. Research in Nursing and Health 14(2): 119-127, 1991. Death and...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Death and Afterlife

...Death and Afterlife The concept of afterlife is an enigma that many ancient civilizations believed in regardless of what their religious practices were. Disparity in religion has never been a barrier in similarities of death and life after death beliefs even in modern day. However, Mesopotamian attitude towards death was quite in contrast to that of the Egyptians. The Mesopotamians believed in the grim and dour hypothesis that sickness and death were a direct consequence of sins committed. They gave no leeway to this notion as any hope of salvation by a divine existence after death was lost on this cohort. It was believed that the dead may come back and consume the living so innumerous offerings were made to the dead so... one of the first...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Afterlife in the Ancient World

... 9 July 2007 Analyzing the Afterlife in the Ancient World Introduction Each civilization has its own conclusions regarding the existence of an afterlife and whether there is a Heaven or a Hell. Three such civilizations, the Mesopotamians, the Greeks, and the Romans each had their own unique views on life after death. The Afterlife Around 2000 B.C.E., ancient Mesopotamians faced hardships in their daily lives, and the afterlife they envisioned mirrored these hardships. In The Epic of Gilgamesh: Enkidu's Dream, Enkidu describes a frightening view of life after death to Gilgamesh. Endiku is sick and near death as he recounts this dream in which he is greeted by a hideous monster with large claws that transports him to the Queen... speak...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Japanese Death Rituals

...side they consider the death to be some sort of an infectious occurrence that has the potential to pollute the family members and close ones of a dead person. Japanese abhorrence for cats in their death rituals and their fascination with directions is really typical. The practice of digging a woman's grave deeper then that of a man's though unusual is perhaps indicative of the subaltern status of the women in the Japanese society. 2. Universal Aspects of the Japanese Death Rituals One universal aspect of the Japanese beliefs about death is that a funeral in Japan is considered to be a predominantly community event...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Death and Dying Process and Rituals in the Asian Culture

... Death and Dying Process and Rituals in the Asian Culture As far as cultural differences go, every culturehas its own way of dealing with death and dying. Asia itself is contains a variety of cultures where death may be greeted with quite grief to an open and encouraged display of wailing to show how loved was the person who died. In essence, the death of an individual is also connected with the religion and creed followed by the family which dictates how the person should be mourned and how the best possible path to death can be obtained by a person (NASP, 2003). For example, in China, the rituals concerning death and end of life come from a mixture of Confucian, Buddhist and Taoist faiths. After the death of an elderly member... , Gender...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Death rituals

.... The death rituals did not change at all, and this strengthened my belief that the same steps and processes were going to be followed whenever someone is going to pass away in the family. However, there would be minor amendments within the death rituals as and when required but on the whole the basic agenda would more or less be what I experienced at the time of my aunt’s death. She was close to us and we loved her dearly. I noticed that nearly all the women in the family wore white clothes to pay homage to aunt’s soul (Hazan, 2004). They sat together, spoke at length about her qualities and the manner under which she used to help people...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Comparative Afterlife Beliefs

...Comparative Afterlife Beliefs There are different beliefs on life after death, immortality, or eternal life depending on cultural orientation. For the Sikhs, there is a firm belief in immortality, as learned from the article entitled “What do Sikhs believe about the afterlife?” written by Daniel Burke in August 9, 2012 and published online in Religious News Service (RNS) (Burke). The Egyptians, likewise, have more intricate beliefs of the afterlife, as shown from the documentary video entitled “Egyptian Secrets of the Afterlife” posted by Yuna Raven on January 18, 2012 and shown in...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Death and Dying, Rituals and Afterlife, Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks for FREE!

Contact Us