Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Schizophrenia and Psychosis Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a brain disorder, which is severe, chronic, and disabling. The disorder affects close to 1% of the Americans. Individuals with the disorder hear voices that other individuals do not hear. At times, they believe that other individuals are controlling their thoughts, planning to harm them, or reading their minds…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis"

Schizophrenia and Psychosis Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a brain disorder, which is severe, chronic, and disabling. The disorder affects close to 1% of the Americans. Individuals with the disorder hear voices that other individuals do not hear. At times, they believe that other individuals are controlling their thoughts, planning to harm them, or reading their minds. This can terrify individuals with the disorder and it can make them extremely agitated or withdrawn (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Symptoms Schizophrenia symptoms are categorized into cognitive symptoms, negative symptoms, and positive symptoms. Individuals with positive symptoms generally lose touch with the reality. The symptoms are not common in healthy individuals. The symptoms can be severe or hardly noticeable and this depends on whether the person is getting treatment. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders, and movement disorders. Negative symptoms are linked with disruptions to normal behaviors and emotions. The symptoms are very hard to identify as part of the disorder and they can be mistaken for conditions such as depression. Negative symptoms include lack of happiness in everyday life, flat effect, speaking little, and lack of ability to start and maintain planned activities. Cognitive symptoms are slight and like negative symptoms, they can be difficult to identify. Cognitive symptoms include trouble paying attention, poor executive functioning, and difficulties with working memory (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Causes and Treatment The causes of schizophrenia are not known and scientists think genes and environment, and different brain structure and chemistry cause it. Schizophrenia treatment focuses on eradicating the disease symptoms. Treatments used include antipsychotic medications (such as chlorpromazine, haloperidol, perphenazine, and fluphenazine), and other psychosocial treatments. Psychosocial treatments assist schizophrenia individuals already stabilized by antipsychotic medication to cope with everyday challenges of the disease such as work, communication, self-care, creating and maintaining relationships (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Psychosis Psychosis is mental condition that is serious but treatable and it is caused by disturbance in the functioning of the brain. An individual with the condition losses contact with reality and it features changes in the individual’s perceptions, behavior, beliefs, and thoughts (Janssen-Ortho, 2009). Symptoms Psychosis symptoms are categorized into positive symptoms, negative symptoms, cognitive symptoms, and emotional symptoms. Delusions and hallucinations are generally referred to as positive symptoms because they express behavior rooted in disordered perceptions, beliefs, and thinking. Other positive symptoms include hostility, agitation, suspiciousness, and grandiosity. On the other hand, apathy, emotional flatness, and social withdrawal are referred to as negative symptoms. They are negative symptoms because they are an outcome of the things (such as communication or social skills) that the disease has taken away from the individual. Cognitive symptoms include though disorder and poor concentration. Emotional symptoms include depression and blunted emotions. It is important to note that overlapping of the different symptoms can occur and thus, different individuals may experience a combination of symptoms or different symptoms (Janssen-Ortho, 2009). Treatment It is crucial to treat psychosis immediately and antipsychotics are important drugs used in the treatment. There are numerous antipsychotic medications; the form of medication and the prescribed dose varies from individual to individual. The treatment also depends on the patient factors such as if the condition is first or a recurrent episode and the stage of the disease. Psychosocial therapy is also important in the treatment of schizophrenia and it usually starts when the acute stage has passed and symptoms start to diminish (Janssen-Ortho, 2009). The Relationship between Schizophrenia and Psychosis As stated earlier, psychosis is a mental condition that impairs the ability of the psychotic patient to differentiate reality from fiction. The disease is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and problems with communication and behavior. It is usually thought that psychosis is associated with schizophrenia. However, psychosis is also present in varying degrees in several other mental health illnesses. It is important to note that discrete psychotic symptoms “can be experienced without necessarily being part of a psychotic disorder. If the symptoms are severe enough, or there are multiple symptoms co-occurring for a sufficient time, then a psychotic disorder, such as schizophrenia, may be diagnosed” (National Drug Strategy, 2009, p22). Schizophrenia is a diagnosed using criterion such as the individual experiencing two or more symptoms (such as hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized speech) for a considerable time in a month, occupational or social dysfunction, and constant signs of disturbance for six months (National Drug Strategy, 2009). Psychosis is only related to schizophrenia when its symptoms become very severe or the symptoms co-occur for a considerable length of time. References Janssen-Ortho. (2009). Symptoms of psychosis and schizophrenia. Ontario, Canada: Author. National Drug Strategy. (2009). Psychosis and schizophrenia. Retrieved from$File/m683.pdf. National Institute of Mental Health. (2009). Schizophrenia. Bethesda, MD: Author. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis Term Paper”, n.d.)
Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis Term Paper. Retrieved from
(Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis Term Paper)
Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis Term Paper.
“Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis Term Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis


..., delusions, depression, personality disorders, schizophrenia etc. Lots of reasons are cited for the occurrence of psychosis. Heredity, environment and some physical diseases such as HIV, brain tumor etc can play a pivotal role in causing psychosis. This paper analyses various dimensions such as causes, symptoms, treatment options etc of psychosis. Causes of Psychosis The exact causes of psychosis are still unknown to the medical science. However, psychologists and psychiatrists are of the view that along with biological reasons, heredity and environment also play an important role in causing psychosis. It is not...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Schizophrenia, Psychosis, and Developmental Disorders

...Schizophrenia, Psychosis, and Developmental Disorders Brain is the most complex and the most intriguing organ in the human body. Its diversity never ceases to amaze mankind, and so do its disorders. As perplexing that its development is, the disorders during the course of its development are also complex and demand a deep understanding. The disorders involving brain were initially considered to be due to an impaired mental state, until recently it was proved that they are associated with the underlying brain abnormalities. These psychological disorders in turn also affect the physical illnesses. The ancient view of psychological disorders may be justified on the basis of their presentation, as they...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper


...? SCHIZOPHRENIA Institute SCHIZOPHRENIA Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder, characterized by psychosis and impaired cognition. The underlying pathology has long been the subject of investigations to identify the brain abnormality. Several studies were conducted before it was finally concluded that disturbance in the ratio of brain’s gray and white matter in different areas is the culprit. Wexler et al (2009) conducted a study to analyze the deviation in cognition from normal levels. The deviation from normal in schizophrenics was found to be more than one standard deviation. These patients were called neuropsychological impaired (NPI). 20 to 25 % of schizophrenics...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Psychosis and Schizophrenia

...?Psychosis and Schizophrenia Psychosis and Schizophrenia Nursing 504 Advanced Pharmacology CC: Patient: “People are following me. I do not have anything wrong with me; I think those people want something from me.” Parents: “Gerald’s behavior is progressively odd. We think that he may have ingested some kind of drug during his friend’s birthday party which happened two weeks ago.” HPI: Two weeks ago, Gerald began insisting on keeping all the lights on in the house 24 hours/day and staying up most of the night. Over the past week he has become increasingly frightened, claiming his ex-girlfriend has bugged his room so she can blackmail him and that an old...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Schizophrenia England, Fearon, Kirkbride, Morgan, Dazzan, Morgan, Lloyd, Hutchinson, Tarrant, Fung, Holloway, Mallett, Harrison, Leff, Jones & Murray (2006, pp. 1546-1548) revealed that minority groups in England, including Black Africans and African Caribbeans are at higher risk of psychosis symptoms like schizophrenia. The results in Jenkins & Schumacher (1999, pp. 33-36) also advocated the cultural and ecological effects on schizophrenia within the population of Latinos. It was further stated by Bhurge (2005) that schizophrenia is more common within male populaces as compared to females, which is again augmented with the influences of factors like ethnicity, culture and social...
17 Pages(4250 words)Research Paper


...? Schizophrenia is a chronic disease that has a very negative impact on the brain of an individual.People suffering from this disorder may hear strange voices, which a normal human being will not hear. Victims of this disorder always believe that other people are always trying to manipulate and control their minds. This terrifies them greatly, and makes them to withdraw their associations with family members and friends. These people have poor communication skills, and it is difficult to understand them when they talk. They may also sit for longer period of hours, just staring at the sky without talking, or engaging in any form of communication (Lieberman, Stroup and Perkins, 2012). This disorder also has a negative...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper


...PSYCHOSIS PSHYCOSIS: COMPLEXITY AND PROBLEMATICS The psychotic disorders are the most severe and disabling of all mental illnesses. The most common cause of psychosis is schizophrenia, which is categorized as a non-affective psychotic disorder in order to distinguish it from affective psychotic disorders, such as bipolar disorder or major depression with psychotic features (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Schizophrenia typically emerges in late adolescence or early adulthood, and is characterized by an array of distressing and impairing symptoms, including "positive symptoms" (i.e., hallucinations, delusions), "negative symptoms" (e.g., affective...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay


...Schizophrenia Number Since Schizophrenia may not just be a single condition and its causes are still unknown, the existing treatment techniques are founded on both clinical and research experience. These advances are selected on the foundations of their capacity to lower the symptoms of Schizophrenia and to reduce the chances of the symptoms coming back. In this paper, the treatment of Schizophrenia using drug therapy is explored. It comprises of the drugs applied in the treatment and their side effects. Introduction A revolution in the management of Schizophrenia started about a half a century ago when chlorpromazine was introduced in 1952. This was the first time that psychiatric specialist had a drug that was effective... in the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...Psychosis It is not an easy task to differentiate psychosis from schizophrenia, but it is very important as they need different treatment. The main difficulty occurs when experts attempt to reveal the prodromal period of the illness. The differentiation becomes very difficult during the periods of remission, and in case if schizophrenia is accompanied with alcoholism. The first symptoms of psychosis and schizophrenia are very similar especially when a patient went through severe psychological trauma. Bipolar disorder is characterized by frequent change of moods and ability to function. In contrast to patients with bipolar disorder the...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Connection between Schizophrenia and Cannabis Abuse

...serious illnesses, the substance abuse and mental illness. The reviewer opines and stresses the need recognize the misuse of cannabis as a significant risk factor for schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like psychotic illness. Clinicians, nurses, health professionals and those involved in planning health policy have a responsibility to positively encourage interventions aimed at reducing the use of cannabis, particularly in vulnerable populations, so as to have significant beneficial effects on psychiatric morbidity. Those with frank psychosis, intractable cannabis use and non-compliance are difficult to manage in the community, and such patients need urgent referral to...
31 Pages(7750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Nursing - Schizophrenia and Psychosis for FREE!

Contact Us