We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
An essay "Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy" reports that his legs weakened and had to push his knees in order to stand. His calves began to swell later with fibrous tissue, which felt firm and rubbery, rather than muscle. He then began walking with adding gait due to the weakened legs…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Polish This Essay95% of users find it useful
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy"

Download file to see previous pages At the age of six, he had already developed contractures with the calf muscles being the most severely affected (Larsen & Lubkin, 2013). By the age of nine climbing stairs and rising unaided was impossible, and at ten years, he was confined to a wheelchair. He has weakening trunk muscles which can easily cause scoliosis. His diaphragm muscles are also weakened which makes breathing and coughing difficult, and increases chances of lung infection. Complications such as sleep-disordered breathing; ineffective cough and nocturnal hypoventilation are being experienced. The patient also has difficulties learning through listening and attention span is low (American Thoracic Society, 2010). DMD symptom management The focus of this study is the symptom management of neuromuscular and skeletal muscles. In a review article by a team of 84 practitioners representing the specialists who provide care to DMD patients selected by Centre for Disease Control (CDC), they independently rated the interventions and assessments that are used in DMD management (DMD Care Considerations Working Group, 2009). From this assessment, CDC expert panelists came up with management interventions for the neuro and skeletal muscles for a DMD patient at the stage in which this patient is. The first intervention for muscle strength and function is pharmacological intervention to address the progression of muscle degeneration in a DMD patient. The treatment that the review focuses on is the use of the glucocorticoids to optimize strength and function of these muscles. Glucocorticoids slow the collapsing of muscle strength, as well as its function, thereby reducing the risk of scoliosis and stabilize pulmonary function. The initial RCTs of patients on 0.75 mg/kg daily dose of prednisone for six months showed improvement in muscle strength. Prednisolone and deflazacort are other glucocorticoids that were shown to be effective on a daily dose instead of alternate days. These medications were shown also to prolong ambulation and in patients that have become non- ambulatory showed reduced risks of progressive scoliosis and stabilization of pulmonary function. There is no agreed time to start the glucocorticoids therapy since this is based on serial assessments, as well as parental report in the disease’s three phases. However, for a patient who has lost ambulation such as this one, the CDC experts review points the therapy can be introduced or continued in order to preserve upper limb strength, reduce progression of scoliosis and slow down a loss of respiratory and cardiac function. The review concludes that other supplements could be used to manage the neuro and skeletal muscles weaknesses such as coenzyme Q10, carnitine, and antioxidants such as fish oils, vitamin E, green tea extracts and amino acids. In another review article by the CDC expert panel on the implementation of multidisciplinary care in the management of DMD, the expert panel of the CDC project addresses skeletal and respiratory management (DMD Care Considerations Working Group, 2009). In spinal management, the earlier management with the use of glucocorticoid treatment is retaliated to curb progression of scoliosis and a small chance of developing vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1441908-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
(Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
“Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1441908-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Human beings who suffered from pathologies were treated in inappropriate ways and they were held responsible for their diseases. It was believed that they were suffering from the diseases due to their evil acts and the disease was a form of punishment from god.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Skeletal Muscle Contraction
Skeletal muscle fibres are the voluntary group of muscles that are range from the small muscles in the eyes to the large and powerful muscles in the calf that cause leg movements. Anatomically skeletal muscles are composed of a number of fibres and each fibre is then further composed of smaller sub-units.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Muscular dystrophy
In the 1870s, descriptions of people (particularly boys) who grew weaker over time, lost mobility, and died young became increasingly prominent in the medical field. During that period, these descriptions were documented in medical journals. In the next decade, Guillaume Duchenne, a French neurologist, provided a comprehensive evaluation of 13 boys with the most prevalent and severe form of the disease (Parker & Philip 14).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Duchennes Muscular Dystrophy
It is X-linked and affects mainly males. DMD occurs when a particular gene on the X chromosome (DMD gene) undergoes mutation and the protein dystrophin is not formed. The present article discusses the epidemiology, pathophysiology, anesthesia management with relevance to DMD.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy
DMD is generally identified by the age of five through its symptoms of delayed motor ability and weakness of the proximal muscles. The consequences of DMD are severe for the individual (Wu, Kuban, Allred, Shapiro & Darras, 2005). Initial
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Muscular Distrophy
, Ladewig, Ball & Bindler (2007, 1762), “bones provide a rigid framework for the body, muscles provide for active movement, and tendons and ligaments hold the bones and muscles together. Alterations in musculoskeletal functioning, therefore, can have a significant impact on a
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The major cause for all kinds of muscular dystrophies is believed to be mutations that take place in individual genes encoding numerous proteins. Among the latter one can find extracellular matrix proteins, cytoplasmic enzymes, transmembrane and
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
These proteins encoded by genes perform different functions in the body. The arrangement of these bases in the genetic machinery is done in a sequence. Any abnormality in genetic
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
A (any) Muscular Disorder
This means that any of these diseases can surely arise even though no one in the family has ever been affected or has the abnormality. This paper is going to examine closely one of these muscular dystrophy disorders which is Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Duchenne
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
This is because individual state governments feel that the national government has too much power and goes beyond its boundaries on most issues. Although the conflicts between the national government and individual state governments
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us