Alzheimer Agitation – Prevention 29-Dec-11 Alzheimer Agitation – Prevention Purpose statement: The purpose of this research paper is to provide an in-depth analysis on the prevention of Alzheimer agitation. The paper provides an outline on the various themes followed in preventing the onset of agitation in patients suffering from Alzheimer disease…
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Method of Search: The paper has been written after extensive research on literature available on Alzheimer disease and the agitation associated with it. As no treatment is available to fully cure the disease, therefore, following preventive measures is the only effective way to prevent the onset and reduce the severity of agitation. Some of the common up to date preventive measures followed in nursing homes are listed in this paper and have been taken from different books written on Alzheimer disease. Introduction and Significance: The Dementing disease was first discovered by a German neuropathologist, Alois Alzheimer and the disease is named after him. Among individuals of age 65 and older, the most common type of Dementia is Alzheimer’s disease which is known in medical literature as Alzheimer disease. As the age progresses, half of the elderly individuals experience a loss of memory, judgment, and language to an extent that it starts to mediate a huge impact on their daily lives. In the United States, AD is a major health problem because of its huge impact on various departments of the health care system, the lives of the patients and their families. In accordance with the recent statistical data, there are a staggering number of AD cases in the United Sates alone amounting to 4 million individuals. The percentage of individuals with AD doubles for every five year age group beyond the age of 65. Moreover, the highest risk of AD is amongst the individuals over the age of 85. In industrialized countries, the improvement and widespread provision of health care facilities have increased life expectancy which has inevitably led to an increase in the number of cases being reported over the past few years. (National Institutes of Health 2002). Scientists estimate that if curative measures are not discovered then the number of cases in US in 2050 would be around 14 million. Over the years the cost of care of patients with AD has steadily shown an increase. In United States of America, the annual national cost of caring for individuals with AD amounts to approximately around $1 billion. (National Institutes of Health 2002). Alzheimer disease is a progressive brain disease which is irreversible and gradually reduces the thinking skills and memory to such an extent that the person becomes incapable of carrying out normal daily activities. However, the causes and the subsequent progression of the disease has not yet been fully exposed which has significantly slowed the progress in devising ways to prevent the disease. The treatments that are currently available only aim at reducing the severity of the disease symptoms. (National Institutes of Health 2002). Alzheimer agitation refers to the behavioral patterns exhibited by a typical Alzheimer patient. The typical behavioral patterns include screaming, complaining, wandering, cursing, fidgeting, pacing, moaning and shouting. Progression of the disease is characterized by memory loss and degradation of thinking skills in addition to an increase in the severity of Alzheimer agitation. It is worth mentioning that every abnormal behavior is not classified as agitation. If the abnormal behavior poses a risk to the individual with AD or the people around him then it is considered to be agitation. Agitation associated with AD can be due to a single medical problem or a cumulative effect of a variety of different contributing factors such as
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(Alzheimer Agitation - Prevention Research Paper)
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A new project, the Cognitive Fitness and Innovative Therapies, or CFIT, is trying to keep people at risk for Alzheimer's intellectually and physically fit with quizzes and other cognitive challenges to see if onset of the disease can be delayed, perhaps indefinitely.
Observations reveal that music elevates mood and removes the gloom and therefore patient eats more as well as enjoys the food, while absence of music does not distract the patient from the atmosphere of obscurity and thoughts.
The issue of agitation among residents in the long term care setting is significant due to a number of reasons. First, this behavioral change takes place in patients with complex diseases such as dementia, hence exacerbating their conditions, complicating treatment and worsening outcomes.
It first discovery was by Doctor Alois Alzheimer in the year 1906 a German neuropathologist and psychiatrist hence the name of the disease. Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis is mostly in older people especially those aged about 65 years and above. Although this is true, the onset of less prevalent early Alzheimer’s can occur earlier in life.
Approximately 5 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease and because more people are living to their 80s and 90s that number is expected to quadruple by 2060.Although there is no cure for AD some people wish to get tested for it earlier for various reasons including a family history of AD.
The risk factors for Alzheimer include genetic factors, lifestyle and environmental factors that entail cardiovascular complications like stroke, depression, high blood pressure and certain lifestyle factors like diet, smoking and lack of social engagement.
Industrial revolution, lack of physical activity and change in life style are only a few of these issues.
Ever increasing incidence of lethal diseases such as AIDS, Cancer, Cardiovascular diseases, Avian
which is being advised by many famous names in Alzheimers research and treatment, also promotes diet changes and maintaining a social life to try to slow cognitive decline and lower the risk for Alzheimers.
Kenneth S. Kosik, co-director of the Neuroscience Research Institute at
The cause of the disease is unknown to this day while other researchers may attribute it to genetics, as the condition is equally hereditary. The disease that begins with memory loss and shares some of its characteristic with stress and depression requires
According to the paper orientation tour along with fall prevention education is vital in the process of long term care of patients. In the new environment of healthcare, it is difficult for medical practitioners and providers to depend completely on physiologic rationale, opinion based processes and clinical experiences. The importance of orientation tour along with fall prevention education is very essential to overcome the risks related to falls.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
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