The research more so based on qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis to find the problem of the system. In terms of qualitative analysis, there were some errors spotted with the system as some items in ordering did not come. …
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The research problem in this study was on how medication errors can be reduced plus the impact of the CPOE (Computerized Physician Order Entry). The Institute of Medicine had filed an earlier report showing that nearly 7000 patients every year die due to medication errors. In minimizing medication errors and time wasted by nurses in the course of administering medications. The CPOE system became introduced with the sole purpose of reducing the time taken by nurses in ordering and administering medications. According to the observation Keohane and colleagues did on nurses activities, they found out that nurses spent 26.9 percent of their time in medication related activities compared to other work. Hence, the introduction of the CPOE system ought to have eased the nurses’ workflow plus to minimize medication errors. In the study conducted by Dana et al. (2011), the author agrees to the fact that their exists advantages and disadvantages of the CPOE system on the nurses after its introduction to help reduce the nurses work flow .
The literature review in Dana et al. research is quite relevant and directly related to the problem being researched (2011). In this research, the author uses recent literature reviews to get hold of the reader’s attention concerning problems nurses faced before the introduction of CPOE system. An excellent example includes Keohane and colleague studies on the amount of time nurses spent in a variety of their activities. Another example includes a research conducted by Elganzouri et al. confirming that nurses spent a lot of time in issues dealing with medications.
In the two literature review, the author would like the reader to be aware of the problems that faced the nursing team before the introduction of the CPOE system, which were spending more time on medication processes plus higher rates of medication errors. The author in the literature review critically compared and appraised key studies in a good way. Research questions in this research could have been what are the impacts of CPOE system on the nurses’ workflow? What are the disadvantages of using Computerized Physician Order Entry system to the nurses? The author’s hypotheses this case is justifiable after realizing that the introduction of CPOE systems in hospitals led to minimal interaction between nurses and physicians. In terms of the literature review, the hypotheses were not related since the literature review entirely talked of the problems nurses experience before CPOE system the introduction while the theoretical rationale speaks of the impact the system had on the nurses. The researcher offers in his justification statement that so far the CPOE system would reduce the time spent by the nurses in medication processes as evidenced by a study conducted by Bate and colleagues. By the use of DeLeon and McLean model, the research was meant to find the impact of CPOE system. The author’s hypotheses were directional since they predicted the impact of CPOE system on the nurses to be either negative or positive (Dana et al., 2011). The variable of interest from the research question will be the impact of CPOE system on the workflow of the nurses (Dana et al., 2011). In accordance to the Delone and McLean IS Success model framework, dependent variables of any information system are defined as its success. It goes further to define success as a combination of variables and include systems quality, information quality, use, individual impact, user satisfaction and organizational impact. From the author, these 6 variables are less dependent on each other than interrelated. From the research, conducted by the author, the variable being investigated is well defined. The study is predictive in nature and tries to evaluate the impact of the system on the nurses and organization in general. From his research finding, the dependent variables are organizational quality and individual quality. The independent
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354). The problem with such ideal is that no human being is perfect, and at some point, they may manifest vulnerability that account for errors. The solution can be gained from technological advances, where nurses are aided by technological equipments created for specific nursing functions, as in medication pump technology, “electronic medical records, computerized prescription order entry, bar coding systems” (Rosenkoetter, Bowcutt, Khasanshina, Chernecky, & Wall, 2008, p.
In many hospitals great care and staffing are assigned to ensure that infectious outcomes are limited via adequate administration, cross checking, and backup protocols. Through the Stetler Model, we will apply nursing techniques and applications to design a model for a smaller community hospital setting using current research models to write nursing guidelines for surgical antibiotic immunoprophylaxis.
These include illegibly written prescriptions, dispensing errors, calculation errors, etc. Among the above cited errors, some of the errors are considered to be most crucial and they have considerable impact on the patients, for example, the monitoring errors and the administering errors.
Most of the medication occurs because of mistakes at the personal or system level. Despite introduction of technologies for greater efficiency of drug delivery and administration there is possibility of minor errors therefore nurse practitioners need to be trained to handle tasks with and without technological advancements.
The main problem of the paper is the research, that is aimed at finding the impact of CPOE system in the working. The CPOE system became introduced with the sole purpose of reducing the time taken by nurses in ordering and administering medications. The introduction of the CPOE system ought to have eased the nurses’ workflow plus to minimize medication errors.
Therefore, IOM came up with a proposal of introducing the bar code medication administration (BCMA) that research has shown to be more effective in reducing medication errors. However, its impact on nurses have far more reaching
rocess in which medical practitioners enter patients’ medication orders into a computerized system that will be used by both pharmacists and nurses in charge of administering drugs to the patients (Kuperman & Richard, 2003). Common inclusions bar coding, which allows nurses to
The implication that is developed from this point is that at each stage of the process, there is the likelihood of errors occurring at each stage if the real causes of the errors are not identified and curtailed. Today, nurses are found to make prescription related errors from several contexts including the use of protocols.
Already, it has been established that there are several factors that can bring about medication errors in the nursing setup (Athanasakis, 2010, p. 774). Due to the effects that these medication errors carry, it is always important that the right procedures and interventions be put in place in minimizing their occurrence.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
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