Nursing as a profession basically attracts those people who are caregiving and want to make a difference in the lives of other people. Unfortunately, these are exactly the kind of people who are susceptible to burn out…
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The time management techniques have been fairly well covered in the book chapter. We are exploring an article here which goes beyond just time management to relieve a person of stress and make his life more valuable. This article can be said to be of the type of self-care or self well being. This is absolutely an essential component in order to avoid a burnout. We will study some dimensions associated with the job of a person which should be satisfied for him to continue working. The absence of these dimensions can lead to burnout of the individual. We will initially review the article written by Matuska Christianen which has been attached in appendix A. This paper presents a proposed model of lifestyle balance that meets biological and psychological needs within the unique environment of individuals. The writer of the article claims that once the biological and psychological needs of the individuals are in alignment with the environment of the individual; the level of stress faced in the work is reduced and the person is able to enjoy his job fully. This article claims well-being as the lack of stress during the work. ...
are in alignment with the environment of the individual; the level of stress faced in the work is reduced and the person is able to enjoy his job fully. This article claims well being as the lack of stress during the work. The person should be satisfied with his work and look forward to do it every day to avoid stress and improve his well being. The article presents five factors, dimensions or conditions which need to be satisfied in order to achieve physical and mental well being. These 5 dimensions are essential for the well being of an individual and are thus key factors in preventing work related stress. The first dimension is biological health and physical safety. These can be said to be the most basic needs of the individual. If these are not satisfied it leads to a lot of stress and the person finds it extremely difficult to continue in the job as he faces a large amount of stress. The first dimension is the foundation upon which all other dimensions and the endeavors of the human being rest. The second dimension discussed in the article is rewarding and self-affirming relationship with others. This can be said to be the need for affiliation. A person wants his co-workers and those with which he works to appreciate the good work done by him. It can be easily seen in nursing that relatives of a patient might blame the nurses for any failure in health of the person. These accusations may not have any basis but increases the stress level of the nurse which leads to disillusionment with the job. Rewarding behavior discussed in this dimension need not be reward given by a third party. This may even by the reward which an individual decides to give himself for sticking to an action plan or achieving a target which was decided earlier by him. The third dimension
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A moderate amount of stress in nursing practice is healthy for the nurse and the organization but high stress levels may lead to physical and emotional exhaustion or burnout. Together with the organization, nurses need to design a plan of action in order to successfully cope and maintain wellness and healthy behaviors within the health care system and towards co-workers.
This state causes decreased productivity and effectiveness and often gives the person a feeling of disempowerment and disillusionment. For a profession such as Nursing, this cannot be a prevailing sentiment as nurses in one way or the other is involved in the health care experience of every person.
In hospitals, nurses come in contact with patients all through, and they do not get relief from burnout. The journal of Clinical Psychiatry reported that nurses who are employed in the most crowded sectors most probably take long-term sickness absence as compared to nurses who work in sectors with optimal number of patients.
The changing health care climate causes stress for nurses. In addition, nurses may pick up the sadness of clients, called shadow grief which can lead to burnout. Interpersonal problems experienced by health professionals clearly reveal that reactions to emotionally laden situations interfere with ability to act effectively.
Jensen-Campbell and Graziano, (2001) identified the following reasons why young, talented hospitality employees leave the industry: long working hours including nights and weekends, low pay, and stress from demanding duties and supervisors. In general, job stress of managers and frontline personnel has been well documented in the hospitality and tourism literature (Hahn et al., 1999).
Burnout in particular nurses can be seen in under or overeating or using alcohol or even drug substances. The most spread physical symptoms experienced by these people are chronic disease, high blood pressure and regular headaches. Some people on the edge of burnout in fact become fixated workaholics.