Nobody downloaded yet

Criminal Justice-Crime Victims (Victimology) - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Introduction Victims of the criminal justice system are often re-victimized when they are in the system. This is because of the tendency to blame the victim him or herself for the crime. For instance, a victim who is involved in a drug transaction would be considered vulnerable, for putting himself into that situation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.6% of users find it useful
Criminal Justice-Crime Victims (Victimology)
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Criminal Justice-Crime Victims (Victimology)"

Download file to see previous pages These are just a few examples of how victims of crime are revictimized by society and by the court justice system. Discussion According to Von Hentig and Mendelsohn, crime victims put themselves into the position of being victimized (Siegel & Senna, 2009, p. 15). Mendelsohn believed that victims had an unconscious desire to be victimized, and he had typology of victims, putting them into six different categories. Only one of the categories, that of the “innocent” victim was blameless in the actual crime, and the innocent is a victim who is seen as being in the wrong place at the wrong time. The other five typologies all contributed in some way to the crime, and this represented victim precipitation. The other categories were a victim with minor guilt, an example of which is the provocative woman; the victim who is as guilty as the offender, eg. those guilty of euthanasia; the victim who is more guilty then the offender, eg. those who induce crime; the most guilty victim, eg. a person who is attempting murder who is killed in self-defense; and the simulating victim, those who claim to be victimized, but actually were not (Mendelsohn, 1963). Von Hentig, similarly, viewed victims as being participatory in the crimes, stating that they may either be depressive, which means that they are careless and unsuspecting, therefore are an easy mark; greedy, who is looking for an easy gain, so they are less suspicious (a good example would be individuals who fall for Internet scams offering quick, easy money); wanton, which means that the victim is vulnerable to attack because of his or he life cycle, such as juveniles or the elderly; and the tormentor, which means that the person abuses another and thus becomes the victim of an attack, such as with battered women (Von Hentig, 1948). Cohen & Felson also have a view called the routine activity theory, which means that there are certain activities which lend themselves to crimes being committed, and that there are three variables which makes the criminal and the victim both participants in the crime – the availability of suitable targets, the absence of capable guardians and the presence of motivated offenders. This makes the likelihood that a predatory crime will occur, and the routin activities approach gives equal weight to the role of both the victim and the offender. “Criminal opportunity is significantly influenced by the victim’s lifestyle and behavior; the greater the opportunity for criminals and victims to interact, the greater the probability of crime. Reduce the interaction and the opportunity for crime will decline” (Siegel & Senna, 2009, p. 83). There are a host of victims who are considered by experts in the field to be predisposed to being victims, and this is known as “victim precipitation” (Dunn, 2010, p. 85). This is one of the areas that victimologists, such as Von Hentig and Mendelsonh, was interested in, for they were looking for the characteristics and the types of crimes which would have a victim who is precipitated towards crime. The categories in which victims are seen as precipitated their own victomology are rape, battered women and incest survivors. With rape victims, Menachem Amir used data obtained from the Philadelphia police files that showed that victims’ behavior was seen as an invitation to have sex, and that this was an excuse for rape. Amir ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Criminal Justice-Crime Victims (Victimology) Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Criminal Justice-Crime Victims (Victimology) Research Paper)
“Criminal Justice-Crime Victims (Victimology) Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Criminal Justice-Crime Victims (Victimology)

Victimology and Victims Advocacy

..., wanton type and the tormentor. Schafer and Wolfgang are also notable contributors to the victimology. Victim assistance program were first adopted in 1972 in the US in California and Washington states. Two years later, Fort Launderdale, Florida stated a police based victim advocate project. In 1984, the Victims of Crime Act sets up a countrywide Crime Victims Fund from the federal crime fines kitty to compensate victims. In 1985, the UN adopts the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power,...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Law victims and criminal justice

...' victim's justice. Methodological Issues: VSOs seeks evidence, including that from recorded crime, crime surveys, records of convicted offenders, accounts of emotional responses to crime, etc., on a socially constructed basis. Therefore what VSOs concentrate is the data on crime that reflects the way crime has been assembled and taken place. There is no concern about the improperly collected information that reveals the crime scene. However, the VSO team is criticized for working in the following way: Crime Scene Investigation: The VSO is quite popular in taking decisions whether or not to investigate the location of the criminal offense. In some 'incidents' VSOs are right in predicting that a crime has indeed been committed... to the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice required by the normal demands of justice, inflates the apparent criminality of women. As far as the serious female crime is concerned, the question arises, 'do women suspected of committing serious conventional crimes get away with it more than men, and thereby produce a sex-differential in criminal behaviour statistics which is more illusion than reality'(Box, 1989) This can only be answered by considering the best available evidence. Victimization surveys provide an extremely interesting window on the public's willingness to report female suspects to the police. Thus Hindelang reports that 'of the victimizations...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Criminal justice and crime problem

...the victims of crime rather than criminals themselves. While trends appear to suggest that women are catching up to men in terms of violent behavior (Yeoman 1999), the decades of social conditioning still appears to be an effective deterrent for women to pursue an active criminal existence. References: * Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A Social Learning Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. * Carlen, P. (1988). Women, crime and poverty. Philadelphia: Open University Press. * Giordano, P., S. Cernkovich, and M. Pugh. (1986): “Friendships and Delinquency,” American Journal of Sociology 91 1170–1203. * Glueck, S., and E....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Law: Victims & Criminal Justice

...from the criminal justice system and various courses of actions that they can take legally. Most victims of crime are not in a condition to report of domestic violence immediately after the incident. Understanding this limitation on part of the victims, Victim Support provides counselling services irrespective of the elapsed time. It also gives help-seekers the option not to disclose their identity. For example, victims of hate crimes like racial incidents and crimes against lesbians and gays are of a sensitive nature. Taking this into account, Victim Support...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Criminal Justice / VICTIMOLOGY

...Victimology Victimology Question It is true that many of the offenders in prison are there for committing drug-related or other non-violent crimes. It is also true that many of those non-violent crimes carry a mandatory prison sentence, sometimes even for first offenders. However, this does not mean that the criminal justice system is indifferent to the victims of violent crime. Many more violent crimes carry mandatory prison sentences than non-violent crimes, and many of those in prison for non-violent crimes are there because they had a repeated history...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Crime and criminal justice

...Crime and criminal justice Please describe in DETAIL the Community- Based Non-residential and Economic Intermediate Sanctions. Day fine sanctions are too simple to neglect. Economic sanctions similar to this can pilot to populace being detained or fines for unskilled crimes in the pursuit for takings in the name of fairness. The rationale of fines is to produce money for the metropolis, not to put off crime. The state is captivating hard grossed, and in mainly cases below scarcity level earnings and garnishing them. This has a thoughtful consequence on the families being bearded by the earners of these earnings. And if that is not sufficient, I would...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Criminal justice , organized crime

...Criminal Justice, Organized Crime Introduction The Italian Mafia is an organized ethnic group of crime networks with its main operations based in Chicago as well as New York. This ethnic group gained more power after its victory in the unlawful liquor trade activities in the 1920s during the prohibition era. After this prohibition of the Italian government, the ethnic group (mafia) diverted its activities from illegal drug trafficking to other new ventures, illegal gambling. The group’s violent illegal activities, its secret rituals, and some of its notorious leaders such as John Gotti and Al Capone have highly affected the entire Italian public as well as turning out to...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Criminal Justice Research: Victimology

...., & Garland, T. (2008). Victim blaming. In L.J. Moriarty (Ed.), Controversies in victimology (pp.21-36). Ohio: Matthew Bender & Company. The authors tackled the history of studies on victim blaming, including victim precipitation. They gave the categories of victimology according to different researchers. They noted that victims may have different degrees of responsibility, although some had no responsibility for their crimes, if they decreased their risks to them as much as possible. The authors are credible because Dr. Eigenberg is a Professor of Criminal Justice at Sam Houston State...
20 Pages(5000 words)Research Paper

Women,crime and criminal justice

...Women, Crime and Criminal Justice of the of the Women, Crime and Criminal Justice Question C This work claims that prisons are unsuitable for women offenders and that they should be excarcerated. The following discussion proves this contention. A major feature of prisons is their overcrowding, which magnifies the inequalities. In addition, pre-trial detention tends to be disproportionate. In recognition of this inequitable situation, the Open Society Justice Initiative has spearheaded a global initiative in the area of pre-trial justice. The prime movers of this initiative have highlighted the following...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Criminal Justice-Crime Victims (Victimology) for FREE!

Contact Us