GESTATIONAL DIABETES (12 July 2011) GESTATIONAL DIABETES ABSTRACT Gestational Diabetes (GD) is a serious problem faced by several women during pregnancy. The high blood sugar during pregnancy is mainly linked to the hormonal changes that inhibit the production of insulin…
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Fetal and neonatal problems that are linked with GD mainly include amplified risk for miscarriage, stillbirth and macrosomia. A regular check and a good meal plan together with physical activity can help pregnant women with GD to have healthy babies. GESTATIONAL DIABETES INTRODUCTION Gestational Diabetes (GD) as the name suggests refers to the diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It is a serious problem that can be detrimental for both mother and child if not checked regularly. The high blood sugar during pregnancy is mainly linked to the hormonal changes that inhibit the production of insulin. Statistics suggest that about 4 % of all pregnant women have GD. According to the statistical data, in every 100 pregnancy in US, 3 to 8 women get GD that is type-2 diabetes. It is anticipated that about 135,000 cases of GD take place in the US annually (Diabetesinformationhub.com, 2011). Though it is a common problem it is important to keep a check on the blood glucose level because an increased glucose level can result in deformities in the baby. In general the fetal and neonatal problems that are linked with GD mainly include amplified risk for miscarriage, stillbirth and macrosomia (Big baby). A regular check and a good meal plan together with physical activity and proper medication can help pregnant women with GD to have healthy babies. ...
The main hormones that are responsible in development of placenta during pregnancy are involved in blocking the activity of insulin in the body. In other words the insulin become resistant and does not function normally during pregnancy. Additionally, studies point out that during pregnancy the need of insulin production is about 3 times when compared to normal period. For instance, a mother may require up to three times more insulin for the conversion of glucose to the energy. The need for energy is very high during pregnancy. When body is unable to use insulin due to insulin resistance GD develops. If the high blood glucose level is not kept under check it may lead to hyperglycemia which is dangerous for both mother and child. GD does not usually start until halfway of the pregnancy. It is a common practice to during pregnancy between the 24th and 28th week to receive an oral glucose tolerance test to screen for GD. Women who have risk factors for gestational diabetes may have this test earlier in the pregnancy. Further, the symptoms of GD include blurred vision, fatigue, increased thirst, increased urination, infections in the bladder, vagina and skin, nausea and vomiting and also weight loss in spite of increased appetite (NCBI, 2010). The high risk for GD include the age factor, family history, GD in earlier pregnancies, high urine sugar, high blood pressure, increased amniotic fluid, earlier cases of miscarriages and stillbirths, and also overweight or obese before pregnancy. Chances of GD are high in case the woman is older than 25 years when pregnant. Additionally if the blood relations such as father, mother or siblings of the woman have a history of diabetes, then the chances
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(Gestational Diabetes Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Gestational Diabetes Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1427678-gestational-diabetes.
The reason that I am researching this topic is because of how common diabetes has become, especially in our significantly obese society. Furthermore, as a result of the increased numbers of people with obesity, the amount of children being diagnosed with diabetes is steadily rising.
This study looks into Gestational diabetes, which is also known as Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Gestational diabetes takes place during pregnancy. If a woman has no previous record of diabetes, and if she gets diabetes during her pregnancy, then she has gestational diabetes. It is necessary to know about the disorder called diabetes.
These include eating of excess junk food and lack of exercises, especially for obese children. It is also passed through human genes in the family history but when detected earlier can be prevented. This means the essay tackles how diabetes is caused by various apparent symptoms and the characteristics of types of diabetes.
One possible physiologic effect of pregnancy is the alteration of specific cytokines associated with inflammation, insulin resistance, and angiogenesis; which eventually lead to the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia (PE) (Thadhani, 2009).
For this purpose, research conducted by Xiang, et al (2010) on the prevalence of diabetes in Hispanic women has been chosen that has been published in American Diabetes Association (American Diabetes Association (2004). The critical analysis of the research has been presented under different sub heads that has been discussed in an illustrative manner.
Chronic insulin resistance tends to catalyze occurrence of beta-cell dysfunction. Type 1 diabetes destroys pancreatic beta cells, thus compromising generation of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that plays a significant role in metabolism of glucose. Environmental and genetic factors tend to influence the destruction of pancreatic beta cells.
GDM accounts for 90% of diabetic cases that occur during pregnancy, and causes approximately 4% of pregnancy complications. The condition is disproportionately higher among American Hispanics, Blacks and Asians
The paper discusses on some of the treatments that are available for the disease and also educates on the actions that are necessary so as to prevent one from suffering from an ailment and steps to take to
The most frequent symptoms in patients with diabetes are increased hunger, thirty and urination. In undiagnosed patients with diabetes that do not receive appropriate treatment, it can provoke serious complications such as stroke, kidney failure and heart disease.
Insulin supplements are thus critical in controlling this condition (Kim & Ferrara, 2010).
The blood glucose level of the mother usually returns to normal after the baby’s birth, although she faces increased risk
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