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The notion of dignity was evaluated from the elders’ perspective and experiences, the latter was backed up by reviews of all current literature thus ensuring a comprehensive view. Moreover, exclusive sets of international code of standards safeguard human dignity within all societies. The basic notions of human dignity were initially conceived within the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.Furthur the promotion of dignity within healthcare conduces to a better quality of life.
The notion of dignity was evaluated from the elders’ perspective and experiences, the latter was backed up by reviews of all current literature thus ensuring a comprehensive view. A global aging population entails specific requirements.
Human rights have gained a strong focus on bioethics whilst it transpires that human dignity and rights are complimentary to each other. Various international conventions on human rights are inadequate in fulfilling elderly needs. Picker institute outlined dignity indicators that optimise care for elderly patients whilst giving them their basic human rights.
Data collection included intervews, books, journals and websites, reflecting qualitative research methods. The perspectives of aging people concerning the quality of health services were investigated in the data interpretation. Within this setting, the elderly patients’ autonomy and dignity resulted to be moderated.
Recommendations stressing provisions in the legal and health care systems target the reduction of practices that undermine dignity. Complimentary recommendations include holistic training and education to health care workers to avoid negative attitudes towards the elderly, supported by a Commissioner of old people. Finally, more effective resource logistics are imperative to arrest limitations in the health care system. Dedicated to my Husband and Children, Jeanette, Peter and Norma Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 17 Literature review 17 Health Ethics 20 Human dignity in philosophy and religion 20 Elderly People’s Rights 26 The Power/Vulnerability Paradox (Megret’s theory) 42 Indicators of dignity for the elderly 44 CHAPTER 2 53 Methodology 53 Introduction 53 Methods 58 Target population 59 Process 60 CHAPTER 3 67 Analysis and Discussion 67 CHAPTER 4 83 Conclusion 83 Appendix 1: 86 Transcripts of patients interviewed: 86 Appendix 2: 113 Interview with Ministry of Foreign Affairs 113 Appendix 3: 115 Consent Form 120 Bibliography 129 UN programme on ageing, The Madrid International Plan of Action on Aging, 2002. 138 Report of the Second World Assembly on Ageing, Madrid, 8-12 April 2002, United 138 Nations, New York, 2002. Retrieved from, 138 http://www.un.org/ageing/madrid_intlplanaction.html 138 I would like to express my deepest gratitude to my supervisor Rev.Professor George Grima B.A.,M.A.(Louv.),S.TH.D.(Louv) For, his excellent guidance, constant support and assistance throughout the opus of this thesis. I also wish to thank all those who made the completion of this course possible, especially my Family and Friends who have patiently supported me throughout my years of study. Introduction Background study “No one can make you feel inferior without your permission” - Eleanor Roosevelt. The term ‘dignity’ derived from the Latin word dignitas or dignus that means worthy, can be defined as “quality of being worthy of honour” or “a sense of self-importance” (Collins Language. com, 2011). One can view dignity as an individual’s personal characteristic, recognised by self and others. From a broader perspective, dignity is “an umbrella concept...which makes it at once inclusive and comprehensive, and yet raises issues of scope and precision... [While creating an] awareness of the gulf separating humans from all other species can sensitize us to our potential for dignity”
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Modern, contemporary cultures seek to assimilate and subsequently transmit values, which directly aim at sustaining human dignity; additionally life by itself carries a fundamental value pertaining to dignity that merits respect.
According to the essay, elderly abuse is formally defined as a repeated action or lack of desired action, occurring in a relationship where trust is expected, which results in harm to an elderly old or infringes on his human rights. At an old age, a person is considered fragile should, therefore, be accorded the right treatment.
“The virtue in most requests is conformity. Self-reliance is its aversion. It loves not realities and creators, but names and customs”. An individual finds it very difficult to trust society, yet at the same time, through Emerson’s words, it is clear that it is very difficult for a man to not conform to all that society throws at him.
Those who are advanced in years appear to have been moved towards the margins of society, to pine away in long-term care homes and other facilities that care for the elderly. Although many of these institutions provide sterling care, it is also true that these patients have suffered terrible abuses at the hands of their caregivers.
In the case of developing countries the concern is in the increased ratio of elderly to younger populations. However, in the case of developing countries, the concern is more anticipatory considering the current populations within the next twenty years.
I believe this is changing the prospects for the health care.
However, campaigners say that, in spite of the controversy, more than one-third (1/3) of people claimed that they never heard of elder abuse.
Roughly, nine of the ten community health nurses have encountered cases of elderly abuse. The Community as well as District Nursing Association (CDNA) researches discovered that, for the most part of cases, the abuse was wreaked by a family member, who is commonly the chief care giver (BBC News, 2003).
Age sixty is usually considered the dividing line between middle and old age. However, it is recognized that chronological age is poor criterion to use in marking off the beginning of old age because there are such marked differences among individuals in the age at which aging actually begins.
Attending a day centre grants advantages, but one must understand the elderly person's confrontation to change in the suggestion of a new day by day routine. Likewise his or her independence must be the main concern in preparation for access to an old age home, and not the postulation that the family knows best.
Under the long-term care needs that have to be met are: medical, social, and personal care. These are intended to meet the needs of somebody that has a chronic ailment that limits his ability to perform
It is important to understand that one of the contemporary issues regarding the elderly is the creation of elderly nursing homes. These homes are important from the fact that many people currently live very fast lives and are always up and working. Hard economic times have had people taking up different careers.
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