In the paper “The Trafficking of Illicit Drugs” the author analyzes politicians attempt to make the country a safer place. The illicit drug market has now become an even more dangerous issue concerning the production of chemical substances…
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In order to halt the burgeoning economic, safety, and health issues related to these illicit substances, policymakers must address many issues including creating community-based prevention programs for youth and allocating funds for better access to drug rehabilitation programs (National Drug Control Strategy, 2011). Background In Alaska, drug use, and distribution is a massive problem and burden that affects the individual, communities, and the entire state. Illicit drug use is higher among Alaska natives than any other ethnic group (Young & Joe, 2009). In addition, Alaska natives have the greatest rates of use for marijuana, cocaine, inhalants, hallucinogens, and nonmedical use of psychotherapeutics (Young & Joe, 2009). According to the National Drug Control Strategy (2011) budget summary for the last fiscal year, the hindrance of drug use and its consequences contributes approximately $32 billion dollars in medical costs per year. Social Factors The entire United States is affected by illicit substance abuse. The impact of losing a loved one due to an overdose of illegal drug use is a paramount issue that cannot be qualified by any outside source. The youth of our nation is affected as well as their families. The National Youth Behavior Risk Survey (2011) for the years of 2009 – 2011 indicates that students in high school grades nine through twelve reported either an increase in incidence or no change for marijuana, cocaine, inhalants, heroin, and/or methamphetamine use (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2011). Citizens of the entire nation are also affected by the crime that is created by means to obtain illicit substances; an average of 71% of males arrested in 10 metropolitan areas in 2011 tested positive for an illegal substance at the time they were taken into custody (Tombak, 2012). Economic Factors The problem of the use of illicit drugs in the United States and the trafficking of illegal drugs cost the nation billions of dollars each year. Densely (2010) notes that the United States losses as much as $110bn on illicit drugs alone for each year. This loss comes about through a lot of avenues. In the first place, millions of dollars are spent on control and prevention programs that aim at ensuring that people in the country do not fall prey to a very dangerous act of dealing with or using illicit drugs. The control and prevention programs take several forms including strategic campaigns and law enforcement programs. Because there are specially designated agencies who are supposed to be responsible for the control and prevention of illicit drug use, special allocations are made for them in each year’s budget and this is the source of the huge cost involved (Weiler, 2004). Apart from the cost of control and prevention programs, huge liability is incurred by the nation through the cost of managing affected persons who have suffered the consequences of illicit drug use (Davis-Floyd, 2001). This is because special budgetary allocation is provided for people in rehabilitation homes and other healthcare facilities who receive treatment for various forms of illicit drug use side effects. What is most disturbing is that because such people are often neglected by their families, the government is always forced to bear all the cost and this possesses a serious economic challenge for the nation.
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The problem appears to be very contriving in nature in the nations where the production of drugs has become a part of their economy and social policies. Programs constituted by the United States to control the drug supply and trafficking for smoothing the progress of the movement of the goods and services are often hampered by several regulations at the international level. Current law makes it obligatory for the President, with few exceptional situations, to withdraw help or any cooperation with the nations that are not complying with the rules and obligations of the counter narcotics.
Should Illicit Drugs Be Legalized? The question of whether illicit drugs, that is drugs that it is currently illegal to be in possession of, is one that gives rise to great controversy, scrutiny and debate whenever it is asked. This might perhaps be due to the vagueness of the question rather than the subject matter itself.
The policy of the criminal justice system related to the use and distribution of illicit drugs in society has traditionally been one of prohibition, similar to past historical attempts to ban alcohol on moral grounds through temperance campaigns, with subsequent consequences in the rise of violence associated with the black market.
These countries are situated along the Indian Ocean which provides coasts and ports for the countries (La Sage, 2010). The ports along the horn are the busiest ports in Africa. The ports act as service stations for countries in central Africa which are landlocked.
It is the duty and responsibility of those in such positions to ensure that the proper procedure is put into collecting, examining and presenting evidence found at crime scenes. The introduction of forensic science in institutions enables specialists to handle such issues, and help in bringing conclusions to a case based on the evidence gathered.
The border has 43 legal crossing points while the rest is composed of several miles of open land, mainly desert, several rugged mountains as well as other physical impediments to surveillance. This makes it easier for the traffickers of the illicit drugs to get them into the US market.
Since the 1970s, the US has tried to provide assistance through collaboration with the Mexican authorities for counter-narcotics activities and programs which help in curbing this illegal business.
2. the use of volatile substances as inhalants (such as glue, solvent and petrol). 3. the non-medical use of prescribed drugs." Concerns over illicit drug use mainly arise because of the disastrous consequences which occur due to these addictive
Many countries are trying to reach a consensus on the issue of either legalizing or illegalizing the use and distribution of drugs. Debates encompassing this issue have led to arguments as to the issue of legalization
One of the new perspectives is about the historic markets for psycho-active substances. As early as 1960’s, international opium trade had already started in Southeast Asia in a remote region called Burma. Most addicts and dealers were found in Hong Kong while the drug policymakers were based in Washington, D.C.
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