Teenage Pregnancy Contents Abstract - page 2 Introduction - page 2 Reasons for this study – page 6 Thesis – page 6 Method – page 6 Literature Review – page 7 Analysis of literature review Future Actions Conclusion References Abstract This essay considers teenage pregnancy, taking into consideration the factors which promote it, the services available to young people and their suitability…
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Legal as well as social and psychological issues and funding are considered. Introduction For those people who have planned and look forward to having a child, the news of a confirmed pregnancy is a very positive event. In the case of some young people however, similar news can come as a shock. There seems to a be a degree of disconnect in some minds between sexually risky behaviour and its possible aftermath. Reactions may well include ‘Why me?’’ together with fear of the reactions from her parents. A girl in such a situation may well feel lonely, scared, ashamed, sad and desperate. She may feel angry with the young man concerned. He may be just as scared of the possible wrath of his parents, but also perhaps of any future responsibilities for which he feels unprepared. He may also find himself on the side-lines or even totally discarded, being allowed little or no part in any decisions to be made. For both of these young parents life choices are suddenly very different from what they were only a few weeks earlier. There are also long term concerns such as future education prospects, housing and all the rest. According to Innocenti, 2001 ‘In the world’s rich nations more than three quarters of a million teenagers will become mothers in the next twelve months.’ As soon as a girl begins to ovulate she is physically open to the possibility of pregnancy, whatever age she is and however prepared or not she is for the impact of a teenage pregnancy. A teenager who is sexually activity is highly likely to become pregnant with a year. This fact has huge implications, physically, psychologically, educationally, social and affects such things as the chances of employment and future marriage opportunities despite then normalisation of sex outside marriage in recent times. The rates of teenage pregnancy vary between the countries of the world, as well as among areas and groups with those countries because of a number of factors. These include such things as: The differences in the levels of sexual activity among young people, which is turn is affected by the social norms of their particular society, which may be in turn be affected by such things as religious ideas and educational levels. The general amount and quality of sex education provided. The availability of, and access to, affordable and acceptable methods of contraception. In the United Kingdom 5% of underage conceptions happen to girls aged under 15 ( Department of Education, 2012). According to Medline (2012) birth in very young mothers carries with it increased risks of low birth weight babies, and prematurity, both linked to the high numbers of teenage mothers who continue to smoke during pregnancy. It can be demonstrated that these low birth weights may also be directly linked to the lack of physical maturity of the mother. This latter fact cannot be altered however good the antenatal care given, but at least medical staff will be prepared for the possibility, and prepared to support a baby with a low birth weight, often born prematurely (Law, 2012). There is also an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (March of Dimes, 2009). According to the Department of
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“Teenage Pregnancy Literature Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 9000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1398349-teenage-pregnancy.
According to the research findings it can therefore be said that teenage pregnancy seems to be a socially unacceptable thing in most societies around the world. However, the rising statistics indicates that it is not something that will see its end soon. This means that it has to be embraced first before seeking means of eliminating it.
A number of changes take place in a woman’s body during pregnancy and there have been many scientific studies to analyze how and why pregnancy brings about changes in a woman’s posture. It is observed that in some cases the posture does not change considerably during the third trimester and the changes occurred during the midway are carry forwarded without significant difference.
Traditionally, men are expected to earn the income for the family while women are left at home taking care of the children. This specialization based on sex has put women at economic risk and men at social risk as societal values and economic circumstances change and men and women are forced to perform non-traditional roles (Hook, 2010).
In United States the pregnancy rate among teenagers was the highest in 2006 after undergoing a sharp decline in 2005 (1 USPT Trends). It was analyzed in United States that from 1995 till 2002 the rates of pregnancy had decreased and it is believed that the most significant factor for this decrease was the increased use of contraceptives.
This research paper attempts to identify the type and forms of child sexual abuse cases in the study areas and then determine the causes of child sexual abuse in schools in UK. It will also endeavour to find out how child sexual abuse cases are handled in the study areas and generate suggestions on how effectively the problem of child sexual abuse in school can be addressed. The first chapter of this paper introduces the research problem while the second chapter presents a review of the related literature followed by the methodology chapter.
Youth Connexions All the young people in England of the ages 13 – 19 years are provided with support service by the government; the support service provided by the government to these young is referred to as connexions. The service aims at providing integrated guidance, advice and access to the group’s personal development and assists them in making smooth transition to working life and adulthood.
It also observes the differences of traditions, cultures and income values as expressed in countries around the world and their link with teenage pregnancy (Piehl 2009 p. 123). Methods used I have chosen this topic to shed light on the various repercussions that afflict girls impregnated in their teenage years.
According to the report incidence of obesity and an excessive amount of weight gain during pregnancy have been shown to be a major factor in adverse effects for both delivering mothers and newborn infants. Other variables impacting pregnancy weight gain were found to be those common behaviors that affect weight status such as nutrition.
These point at the question of the growing epidemic of teen pregnancy in the United States (Kegler, MC., Bird, ST., Kyle-Moon, K., and Rodine, S., 2001). The situation of Bristol Palin, daughter of Republican Vice-Presidential candidate Sarah Palin, a seventeen year old unmarried and pregnant teen, has cast a spotlight on teen pregnancy and opened discussions again about current public health policies in the United States (Hawkins, K., 2008).