This paper will seek to explore empirical literature that has handled the problem in the past. It will try to identify some of the discussions presented; implications and suggestions arrived at to be able to get the picture behind the problem…
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The essay will explore some of the infections, their related causes and how as a medical facility can arrive at prevention of the infection. Infection control has been a topic in discussion for many years. It has been identified that infants and patients under surgical procedures suffers the highest risk of infection hence making surgical wound infection the second largest category of hospital-related infections. For example, Craven et al. found out that in most of Surgical Intensive Care Units (SICU), urinary tract infection, bacteremias and wound infections were major infections around patients. This is due to the antibiotics therapies given to patients, endotrachea tubes, arterial lines, central venous lines, and catheters they are attached to while still in SICU. Many experiments have been conducted to establish causes and magnitude of infections in hospital related infections. The studies have estimated that a quarter of the hospital-acquired infections involve ICU patients and about three quarters are related to microorganisms resistant to antibiotics.
Depending on the type of infection, their frequencies, which are directly related to the effects it has on patients, differ. This difference is highly associated with mortality rate, cost of treatment and danger posed on the practitioners and the patients. Burke (2003) found that, urinary tract infections have the highest frequency of occurrence, lowest mortality rate, and lowest cost. This is followed by surgical sites infections in frequencies but third in cost, and finally pneumonia and bloodstream infections take the lowest frequency with the highest cost and mortality rate. However, frequencies and the magnitude of effect on mortality and cost keep on changing with time. For example, different studies have proved that urinary tract and surgical- site infections have been on decline. This could be due to increased surveillance and reduced stay in hospitals for the patients. Such studies gives a reason as to why the topic on infection control should be looked at more seriously if the world is to acquire minimum hospital-acquired infections. According to Burke (2003), infection control is a significant part of ensuring patient safety. This is because it ensures surveillance in the programs that are directly linked with the infections. The type of surveillance involved has been known to help medical practitioners as well as the patients to be aware of some of the dangers around them. This is attainable when policies on best practice in the medical field are changed to meet the demands of each exposure to infections. For example, policies like patient isolation to prevent nosocomial transmission need to be put in place if a minimum level of hospital related infections would be arrived at. Educating and protecting nurses, preventing transmissions of blood borne disease-causing organisms, ensuring the highest level of hand hygiene and providing practitioners with protective equipments also serves as part of the protective practices. It is important to look at the environment around which the patients receive treatment; they should be free from any infections through regular disinfection of patient care items. Empirical Review Among the infections that have been widely discovered, bloodstream infections (BSI), urinary tract infections (UTI), surgical wound infection (SWI), nosocomial pneumonia, nosocomial bacteremia and surgical sites infection (SSI) take the lead in the order mentioned. They all occur in different frequencies and symptoms though there are some that occur without observable symptoms. For
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(Infection Control Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words)
“Infection Control Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1397059-infection-control.
While some of these inhabit hot temperature places, others would only survive in ice cold conditions; while others survive with oxygen, others do not need oxygen for survival. According to McKinley Health Centre (2008), the micro organism that causes tuberculosis is referred to as Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
These infections cause discomfort to the patient and hinder the recovery process and in severe cases may even cause death.As the cost of treatment also increases,the hospital acquired infections are actually a burden on the government as well.The extended stay of the patient results in the loss of work thereby depleting his/her financial resources.
Today, business managements also pay particular attention to this concept. Pandemic planning is a documented strategy prepared in the context of a widespread outbreak of a fatal infectious disease. This concept has a broader scope in workplaces, communities, and in vulnerable areas nationwide.
It involves a wide variety of disorders, injuries and local manifestations of systemic conditions. Podiatric management could be in a form of curative, preventative or long-term palliation or health education (Health Care Programmes, n.d.).
Podiatric management is predicated on accurate assessment and diagnosis that leads to the implementation of an appropriate management plan.
The effects of infection on various parts of our human physique vary depending upon the microorganisms that attack and the state of resistivity of the immune system.According to Hans C J Gram, a Danish bacteriologist in 1800’s many bacterial infections are grouped either as G+ or G - depending on the type of bacteria that caused them.
The nurses are in a unique position to practice strict followership of infection control techniques in the hospital setting since it is through them the major portions of care takes place. They are in constant touch and communication with the patients, and they are the final common pathway for delivery of evidence-based care.
The medical fraternity including doctors and other support staff are supposed to take adequate precaution while dealing with infection related issues. Infection control is considered a topical issue amongst the practitioners and the media. When the poor hygiene issues of a hospital are highlighted by the media, it results in drop in its credibility and patients try their best not to utilise the services of such hospitals.
The author states that most infection control inefficiencies are associated with attitudes and behaviors of health workers and not the setting under which they carry out the practices. Medical institutions in developing countries are the most affected because they lack infection control education measures.
This study mainly dealt on online literature search guided by the four main sections of the entire paper. For instance, in the introduction section, the researcher searched material that covered infection control and hand hygiene. The researcher could establish the link between the two while at the same time developing themes to be focused.
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