Bipolar disorder is a condition in which the patient suffers from severe mood swings alternating between an elevated state of energy level and mood, which is normally termed as mania, or at a depressive state. The disorder is characterized by one or more manic, hypomanic or mixed state episodes lasting for at least a week…
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It is considered a genetic malfunction of specific neurotransmitters which lie inactive until a stressor in life triggers them. There are certain medications which can also trigger mania for example antidepressants can produce mania in some of the patients who are vulnerable to bipolar disorder. Therefore it is very necessary to treat bipolar disorder with care and caution as because a depressive episode can readily turn into a manic episode. Some other stressors as lack of sleep, frequent use of stimulants and alcohol can increase the risk of the bipolar disorder. Hence, depression and bipolar/manic depression are two very different conditions and necessitate accurate diagnosis before treating any of the disorders. Bipolar disorder is further subdivided into three types, Including Bipolar I, II and Cyclothymic disorder. Type III bipolar disorder which is not a DSM-IV recognized disorder and includes relatives of the manic depression sufferers who themselves suffered from major depressive episodes. ...
(PubMed, 2011)Carbamazipine, Lithium, Valproate, Lamotrigine and other ant seizure drugs can help reduce the severity of the situation. Antipsychotics and anti anxiety for mood problems are suggested. More than 25% patients are misdiagnosed due to overlapping symptoms of manic depression and unipolar depression. However, use of antidepressants can lead to increase risk of suicide and mania in patients of bipolarism. Underuse of effective medication and overuse of antidepressants is common among the misdiagnosed patients which is possibly a harmful treatment regimen for the bipolar patient. The patients with early onset and treatment refractory depression are the ones mostly misdiagnosed as unipolar depression instead of bipolarism. For this purpose a study was conducted in United Kingdom and approved by Cardiff and Vale University health board. It aimed to determine the extent of misdiagnosis in the primary care patients with unipolar depression who satisfy the DSM IV criteria of bipolar depression. Second aim was to investigate the usefulness of two screening instruments of testing Bipolar disorder and if patients with false positive results from these testing gears differ from manic patients in the study. For this purpose a total of 3117 patients were selected eligible from the data base of practitioners who fulfilled the criteria. Invitation sheets with HCL 32 and BSD questionnaire was sent to the participants. 576 patients replied with completed questionnaire and were divided in two groups and were reviewed according to age, gender and first diagnosis of depression and patients on continued medication. There were high scorers, scoring more than 13 or 14 in HCL and BSD’s and a group of low scorers with
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(Bipolar Disorder and Its Misdiagnosis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Bipolar Disorder and Its Misdiagnosis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1393651-bipolar-disorder.
At one moment they would be in a cheerful or good mood, in the next minute, depression would fall upon them, no matter what the reason. Irritation, Sleeping patterns get disrupted, concentration level falls, feelings of anxiety and worry, eating habits get changed, fall in energy levels is observed and they feel discomfort from their surroundings.
These two episodes have their own characteristics which will be explained. The psychiatric illness can be treated by giving medications as well as other forms of therapy. The different pharmacological treatments along with the other therapies will be analyzed.
Mania is described as high levels of hyperactivity, energy and impulsivity, with bipolar depression having many similarities to those suffering from unipolar depression (). It is probably this tendency to change between the highs and the lows of the disorder that leads to many having difficulties in treatment, and for physicians to have difficulty treating bipolar patients.
There are extreme disruptions in mood for those who are bipolar, so much so that these mood changes can affect relationships, job or school performance, and even lead to thoughts of suicide. It affects energy levels and ability to function and a person could be a danger to self and others in a state of severe mania.
It is a long-term disorder, and requires careful management by way of lifestyle changes to manage across the lifespan. This paper will review the literature pertaining to bipolar disorder. Firstly a description of the psychosocial disorder will be presented.
It can be simply defined as a psychological problem associated with mood, in which a person experiences mania, which is excessive happiness, irritation or excitement. On the other hand, they experience low moods known as depression in which they feel sad, suicidal, and lonely
I plan to educate the family on the difference between bipolar disorder and major depression and treatment. I will also clarify on hereditary issues on bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder presents itself into two
Mood changes associated with Bipolar Disorder prove to be recurrent and can cause high levels of disability as well as premature deaths if it progresses to the chronic stage. Bipolar disorder exhibits itself in a cycle of episodes with the person being highly excited at one point and badly depressed at other times.
In this paper, I will highlight the key clinical features of the disease as well as describe the available diagnostic tools and provide the analysis of the current treatment options.
Bipolar disorder is a
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