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Joachim-Ernst Berendt wrote “Jazz has always been the concern of a minority—always” (3). In 1700s, music played a significant role in African American culture.
The roots of jazz can be traced back to the times of slavery where slave work songs were created in the form of ‘call-and-response’ to tell a story, and pass the time, a song leader would call out a line and the rest of the workers would respond to his call… Soulful songs called “spirituals” were also sung by slaves. These expressed their strong religious beliefs as well as their desire for freedom (Jazz History).
Work songs and spirituals were part of the establishment of jazz and these twin elements laid the foundation for this genre of music.
The pleasant-sounding music of the black community known as “Ragtime” impacted the American scene in the 1800s. Many European communities were migrating to different cities of America, by now known as the “land of opportunities.” Multiplicity of musical traditions arrived with immigrants. The African American composer Scott Joplin combined these traditions with the melodious music of the black community and provided it with a profound soul-force. “Ragtime” was born thus.
When in 1920, black people began migrating to cities like Chicago and New York to improve their financial prospects, they brought along with them jazz. The combustible younger generation of America liked this music. They rebelled against the old-fashioned ideas of their parents, surprisingly though! Jazz culture was responsible in a big way to the creation of genre of women known as “flappers”, who cut their hair and took to shorter dresses. Berendt wrote “Many great jazz musicians have felt the connection between their playing styles and the times in which they live” (4). Jazz music responded to the societal changes that were taking place, due to political, cultural, social and ideological developments that impacted the people. Thus “In the turn of the century around 1920, many artists made their mark by playing in the discreet underground nightclubs known as "Speakeasies" which are high class , "Blind pig" lower class or "Smokeasy" for smokers”(Jaaz Music). Jazz was on the move. The Breakthrough for Jazz New musical innovations were flooding the market and they brought music to the reach of the common man. Jazz music got shot in the arm. American airwaves, dance halls, auditoriums and homes reverberated to the melodies of jazz notes. In 1930s many jazz bands were formed and it became the most popular music. Its bouncing beat and swing music made the people rush to dance floors on a recurring basis. “However, thing were beginning to look up for Jazz Music once the invention of the record player or phonograph was made to play jazz albums. In addition, radio stations helped promote Jazz music, and made it popular among the public. Jazz Music became music of class that earned the era a nick name known as the "Jazz Age” (Jazz
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In plain comparison with to pop music, contemporary jazz seems too circuitous for most listeners to enjoy casually. Thus the major challenge for jazz musicians is to make it less subtle, simple art that is pleasant to the greater public. It is accredited to having some of the greatest musical minds of all times.
It recognizes the huge part of Jazz that the public has never been explored. In discussing Jazz’s wild scenes, the author recognizes that Jazz musicians’ individuality coalesce with their performances in creating an attractive exuberance. Jazz musicians share the responsibility of handling the wild expectations of fans.
and Cleota Mae Davis. At the age of 65 he died due to pneumonia and other medical complications on September 28, 1991.
Miles Davis began his music career after he was given a trumpet as a present from his dad at the age of 12. During his adolescent years he took various
Initially, the word "jazz" was used as a slang word and was only used to refer to the music in the city of Chicago.
The influx of slave trade in the year 1808 brought millions of Africans to the United
The highly motivated and creative younger generation is not willing to tread the traditional path and hankers after the new options, often taking responsibility of the consequences. The problems faced by the present-day youth are
Wild. Out of the jungle” (italics from original text).1 In contrast to swing and early jazz, bebop is described as being more intellectual because of its technical difficulty with fast tempos and complex rhythms and characteristic improvisation from its soloists.2 Bebop’s