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Disaster Risk Management and Reduction ( Course: Sustainable Development and International Planning ) - Case Study Example

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Expert surveys indicate that the earthquake hit the land at a magnitude of 8.5 and gradually increased to 9% causing unwarranted destruction to the…
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Disaster Risk Management and Reduction ( Course: Sustainable Development and International Planning )
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Download file to see previous pages nami moment after the earthquake, but most of the area’s residents have fallen victims since the expected catastrophe hit the land in a span of an hour’s time (Birmingham and McNeill 2012, p. 24). Notably, the situation led to the destruction of over 30 nuclear plants, 12 electricity producing power plants, manufacturing plants, and households amongst others. The following is a disaster and risk management approach asserted as a review to establish the key environmental concerns posed by the situation and the lessons assorted for physical, environmental planning, and environmental designs for disaster prone areas.
It is evident that the Northeast side of the country held the most industrialised cities of Honshu and Tokyo. These habitats hold a human population of over 10 million people. The area further holds power producing plants and nuclear reactors serviceable to the country’s power needs vital for the 30% of the total capacity required (Relations 2011, p. 61). Research indicates that Tokyo and Honshu are built in a disaster prone environment, citing the fact to the untimely earthquakes and rapid Tsunami’s, which emanate from the Pacific Ocean. According to geological surveys, the area is vulnerable to the highlighted disasters due to the terrain and profile (Shaw and Takeuchi 2012, p. 20). Despite the fact that the country’s architectures boast over the surety that the buildings are capable of withstanding the threat of strong storms, the area remained vulnerable to the threat of liquefaction prior to the storms.
Historical findings assert that the industrial cities of the Northeast area of Japan are built in a sandy environment that cannot withstand the threat of these natural tremors. Further, the areas have in the past experienced similar tremors, earthquakes, and reduced Tsunamis. Therefore, meteorological and scientific research organisations were knowledgeable of the situation prior to the erection of the power plants, nuclear reactors, and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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