## CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF How has Human Civilization Advanced Because of our Knowledge of Fluid Mechanics

...?Head Loss **Fluid** **Mechanics** Introduction **Fluid** flowing in pipes is usually turbulent. The flow is considered turbulent if the Reynolds value is greater than 4000. During the turbulent flow, the velocity distribution is relatively the same (or uniform) and the velocity profile is flatter in comparison to the laminar flow. It is important to note that there are pressure fluctuations and irregular velocity in turbulent flow. In turbulent flow, fluctuations in velocity influence the mean motion such that it causes additional shear resistance to the flow. The turbulent shear stress is composed of shear stress and viscous shear stress generated **because** of turbulence (Sawhney...

15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

...Laboratory Report: **Fluid** **Mechanics**— Verification of Bernoulli’s Equation The behavior of the laminar **fluid** motion along a converging-diverging tube of known cross-sectional area, at different flow rates, is investigated, and the mass as well as energy conservation laws are verified in this experiment. Another objective of performing it is to measure the loss of energy due to viscous resistance to the **fluid** the motion in case of higher flow rates. The results obtained from the experiment not only verify the basic laws and characteristics of a **fluid** in motion, but also determines the losses incurred in energy due to resistive forces. Introduction When a...

8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

...?**Fluid** **Mechanics** 230 INTRODUCTION Drag could be identified as a resultant forces causing resistance to motion in bodies moving within **fluids** (Tipler 2004). Unlike other frictional forces experienced in moving objects, drag forces normally remain fully dependent on velocity of objects. These forces have been identified as reducing velocity of objects moving within **fluids** depending on the size of objects. Various types of drag exist when studying drag resulting from movement of physical bodies within **fluids**. The different types of drags are as discussed below. TYPES OF DRAG Form drag This could be described as the frictional force resulting from the shape...

6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

...in the construction is factual. But as we can see from the open channel layout map, the elevation from the southern tip of Estwaite Water which is station 0+000 to station 2+000 is constant. But at station 0+030, the channel will have to cross a road. The road elevation is at approximately 67 meters as shown in the map, therefore the channel **has** to be build under the road crossing or a short bridge so as to give way to the open channel to pass under the bridge or road. Station 0+030 will be considered a critical point in the design, **because** the velocity of the water passing under the bridge decrease depending on **how** the bridge would be build. In consideration to the design of most...

8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

...Topic: Hydraulic structures Describe the design and operation of dams and reservoirs indicating the factors affecting choice of dam and reservoir site.
Introduction
Hydraulic structures are basically constructed to direct and manage water flow. The following deals with the design considerations of dams and reservoirs. Dams are constructed to obstruct and divert the natural flow of water. A reservoir is an artificial lake in existence **because** of dam construction. The construction and operation of these hydraulic structures involves numerous socio-economic factors.
Keywords: dam, reservoir, potential, seepage, water, irrigation, tremors, resource, trade off, equilibrium, foundation, embankment, loading
Dams and reservoirs...

3 Pages(750 words)Essay

... for a liquid travelling through a 10.0 in. diameter pipe is 6.5 cfs. The
mean velocity at which the liquid is travelling is,
a. 7.6 fps c. 11.9 fps
b. 9.8 fps d. d. 14.4 fps
Computations:
Q = Av where Q = 6.5 cfs
A = ∏r2 d = 10.0 in = 0.833 ft
= 3.1416 r = 0.833/2 = 0.4166ft
= 0.5452 ft2
Q = Av
6.5 = 0.5453 (v)
v = = 11.9222 fps
**Fluid** **Mechanics** Part 3
1. A pipe 4.0 in. in diameter and 480.0 ft long **has** a smooth noozle at its outlet end. The diameter of the opening at the tip is 13/8 in., the total head causing flow is 50.0 ft. and the sum c of the factors by which is to be multiplied to allow for minor looses of head may be taken as 1.6... June 11,...

8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

... Laboratory Report: **Fluid** **Mechanics**—Bernoulli’s Equation Using the conservation laws of streamline motion of **fluid**, we investigate the behavior of the **fluid** motion along a converging-diverging tube of known cross-sectional area, at different flow rates. The energy lost as a result of viscous resistance of the **fluid** the motion when the flow rate increases, may also be measured as Head Lost.
Introduction
When an incompressible **fluid** starts moving along streamlines, two basic laws get satisfied. One can use these two laws to check the behaviour of the dynamics of the **fluid**. Moreover, both these laws pertain to certain conservation of **fluid** properties—
(1) Continuity Equation: from the consideration of mass conservation one can show... that the...

8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

...OF SUNDERLAND DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTING, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLGY EAT106 – THERMODYNAMICS AND **FLUID** **MECHANICS** REFERRED WORK 2014
NAME:
DATE:
Question 1
Water at 50 degrees Celsius flows at a mass flow rate of 20 kg/s in a 200 mm diameter pipeline.
a) Find the density and dynamic viscosity of the water at this temperature
letbe the dynamic viscosity
(kg/ms)= {[2.414 x 10-5)] x[10(247k/(temp-140k))]}
={[2.414 x 10^-5)] x [10(247k/(50 + 273 -140))]}
=0.00002414 x 101.4
=0.000605914kg/ms
=6. 091 x 10^ -4 kg/ms
Density=988.1kg/m3
(Source Engineeringtoolbox.com, 2014)
b) Calculate the velocity of the water.
Q=AV
V=Q/A
Volume flow rate= {(mass low rate)/...

3 Pages(750 words)Coursework

...**Fluid** **Mechanics**.
5. **Fluid** **mechanics** in blood flow measurements
**Human** disease, suffering and death are amongst the major concerns of society.Early diagnosis and treatment of disease is one of the indicators of the **advancement** of **civilization**. The vascular system of the **human** body made up of blood vessels carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the different organs, maintains the temperature of the body and removes wastes from each organ. Impairment of blood flow is the major cause of various types of diseases such as heart attacks, strokes, problems of the liver, the kidneys, the stomach and...

5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

...Task Learning Outcome 3 Determine head losses in pipeline flow Q1: Calculate the flow of water under gravity in litres/sec between the two reservoirs in Figure 1 below.
5.6m
Pipe ø 11cm
in steel (k=0.20mm)
15.78m
Figure 1
Solution:
Pipe length may be estimated from the figure as
L = 16.7442 m.
**Because** of pipe roughness, the system is likely to have turbulent flow, thus,
von Karman equation may follow to compute friction factor:
f = = ≈ 0.022813
By Darcy-Weisbach equation = f * * where
v = average velocity of **fluid**, m/s
= frictional head loss (5.6 m)
To solve for v –
v = = = 5.6249...

6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment