Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

History of Terrorism - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In France, the period of the French Revolution (1789 – 99) played a significant role in causing the people to realize the severe indifference of Bourbon kings whose extravagance and absolute authority kept them under an impoverished state of economy. Stirred by hatred and the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.4% of users find it useful
History of Terrorism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "History of Terrorism"

Historical Summary and Law Enforcement: France In France, the period of the French Revolution (1789 – 99) played a significantrole in causing the people to realize the severe indifference of Bourbon kings whose extravagance and absolute authority kept them under an impoverished state of economy. Stirred by hatred and the equivalent desire to regain social equality and liberty from economic oppression, French mass citizenry as well as their revolutionary supporters initiated notorious events which led to the so-called “Reign of Terror”. This marked the official point at which ‘terrorism’ prevailed over all of France in three major stages beginning with the election of Count Mirabeau and Abbe Sieyes who represented the commoners whose grievances had been violently conveyed firsthand at the “Fall of the Bastille” (Zaide, 235). The rise of the radicals constituted the second stage of the Revolution until the ultimate act of terrorism which unveiled upon the guillotine execution of Louis XVI in December 1792 along with some 20,000 nobles, politicians, and other critical aristocratic figures. By the late 19th century, technological advancements in weaponry encouraged the formation of the anarchists in small groups following the chief advocacy of the “propaganda of the deed” which made possible the assassination of French leaders (238).
During the latter part of the 18th century, when the “Reign of Terror” prevailed, the French Republic decreed even for the rest of European nations to overthrow their despotic rulers and no law enforcements were available to combat or at least to regulate such proclamation and its corresponding actions. At the time, all the necessary legal duties were shifted to the control of the revolutionary government that sought total reform against monarchy so there had not been any legal defense that came to the aid of the ill-fated monarchs. It was not until the 19th century that an extensive campaign against terrorism flourished and this included the creation of RAID by the French Police Nationale with the principal objective of suppressing destructive crimes and terrorist activities (Early History of Terrorism). According to Kristin Archick’s CRS Report for Congress: “Among other steps, the EU (European Union) has established a common definition of terrorism and a list of terrorist groups, an EU arrest warrant, enhanced tools to investigate terrorist financing, and new measures to strengthen external EU border controls (Archick, 2006).”
Historical Summary and Law Enforcement: Italy
Italy, likewise, was struck by terrorism but not too long ago through the extremist groups whose members protested against the concept of globalization and capitalism. Students who were rigid proponents of Marxism and Leninism philosophies founded the “Red Brigades” in the 1970s at Bologna to terrorize the capitalist state with arms and their most notorious “Years of Lead” is well-known to have induced fright across Italy up to the 1980s in which several lives were claimed by the massive firing of bullets (Westcott, 2004). Contemporary terrorists comprising the Informal Anarchist Federation of the 21st century, however, are found rather to be milder in the execution of threats for according to investigative studies carried out, the movement proceeded in the absence of solid structure and conviction for Marxist principles. These groups are believed to have originated from the northern citizens who were dissatisfied with capitalist sectors of the society and are reported to have failed bombing schemes due to less organized tactics or mode of terrorism (Westcott).
EU officials had implemented measures to track down the culprits behind a number of letter bombs from the suspected anarchists. A few laws have been made and enacted as well to eradicate anarchism yet the inadequacy of regulatory tools and the manner of legal enactment typically result to poor outcomes of repression especially with high-spirited anarchists ready to advance the great communist anytime. When recent rebellion took place in Italy, the nature of violent attack was found to have been caused by accumulated grievances toward the country’s dramatic crisis in economy. To stop the ensuing anarchy, the Interior Minister at the time had assigned 18,000 law enforcement officers to counter the acts of shooting and other forms of aggression (Delaney, 2012). This further called for the establishment of convention by the national security committee in order to tighten vigilance and critical attention about manifestations of armed protests at different stages. Increased surveillance was also conducted to monitor facilities where schemes of conspiracies were allegedly held (Delaney).
Archick, Kristin (2006). “U.S. – EU Cooperation Against Terrorism.” CRS Report for Congress. Retrieved from
Delaney, Sarah (2012). “Fearing Anarchist Attacks, Italy Tightens Security.” World Now Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from
“Early History of Terrorism.” Retrieved from
Westcott, Kathryn (2004). “Italy’s History of Terror.” BBC News Online. Retrieved from
Zaide, Gregorio F. (1965). World History. Rex Bookstore Inc. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“History of Terrorism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(History of Terrorism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“History of Terrorism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF History of Terrorism


...English Terrorism Introduction Terrorism had caused great dilemma to mankind. It has been rampant in the news recently. When onehears of the word “terrorism”, several things would come into one’s mind. One may think of Osama Bin Laden upon hearing the term for he is considered as one of the notorious terrorist of all time and many people believe that he was the one who fueled up acts of terrorism in any part of the globe. His infamous act of terrorism has also been one of the most tragic and heart-breaking incident that marked the pages of world history and that is, the 9/11 attack, which is considered as one of the apparent examples of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...? Terrorism Terrorism A risk assessment is an essential measure of identifying mitigation steps and procedures. Terrorism is no exception to this rule. A conventional procedure of risk assessment encompasses the analysis of motives, capabilities, opportunities and targets. To prevent the acts of terrorism, especially nuclear terrorism, law enforcement and intelligence agencies should define the scope of skills and resources needed to executive a successful attack, the signs and symptoms of an intention to conduct an attack involving nuclear materials, access and availability of nuclear weapons among terrorist groups, as well as the locations that are most likely to be targeted. Since its inception, the nuclear bomb has been one... of the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


...?Introduction Terrorism refers to the use of unlawful violence and threats to intimi governments and the society at large so that unpopular ideologies can be recognized (Hoffman, 2003). Terrorist activities have continued to claim the lives of innocent civilians, especially due to the fact that such criminals are always brutal when it comes to executing their plans to the extent of committing suicide in the process. To them, success is when a maximum number of casualties are recorded in a single strike as they view this as a positive development towards convincing their targets, who may be forced to soften their stand on the issue in dispute so as to protect life. This paper is a critical evaluation of terrorism and the factors... that...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

History of Terrorism in America

...?Introduction In the modern world, terrorism is one of the most dreaded activities that elicit fear and panic in the entire global community regardless of the social and economic development. There is no universally acceptable definition for terrorism. Weinberger (2003, p42) defines terrorism as a “criminal act by non-state actors that seeks to employ violence against unarmed human civilians as stipulated by the Geneva conventions for political reasons”. Terrorism is one of the most serious threats facing humanity in the 21st century. This paper examines the history of terrorism in the United States with special focus on the motives of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Domestic Terrorism History Term Paper

...? Domestic Terrorism Domestic terrorism is describes terrorism from within a nation. It is any criminal offence plotted or executed by a local citizen against his people or government. Individuals or groups of people who have a motive of achieving a political or religious interest carry it out. These individuals or groups are dissatisfied with the activities of the government. Usually such groups are made up of activists, environmentalists or any other individual with ill motives against his or fellow civilians or government (Valerie and Borgeson, 2009). The terror acts carried out include violent demonstrations destroying property, using any weapon that harms life...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

History of Combating Terrorism

...? History of Combating Terrorism: Analysis on Successful and Failed Operations History of Combating Terrorism: Analysis on Successful and Failed Operations 1. Explain one failed and one successful Counterterrorist operation One of the notable failures of the US armed forces is the demise of the US Task Force in Somalia, code named Task Force RANGER, back in 1993. The clan warlords have controlled several armed militias that were a big threat to the government of Somalia and it got the attention of the UN Security Counsel. After the failure of the UNOSOM I, which aimed to provide humanitarian aid and to stop the hostility in the country, UN had established the UNOSOM II...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

History and Motivators of Terrorism

...History & Motivators of Terrorism Introduction: Terrorist attacks are the greatest threat of the modern world that challenges the peaceful existence of people. The 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in East African capital cities of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya are the best examples of terrorism towering over the world. It was on 7th August, 1998 the U.S. embassies in these countries were attacked. The explosion outside the U.S. embassy in Nairobi, Kenya took place at 10:30 a.m. in the form of a massive truck explosion. Another truck bomb exploded outside the U.S. embassy in Dar es Salaam, the capital of neighbouring Tanzania. "In Nairobi, where the US Embassy was located in a...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

History of International Terrorism

...Running Head: HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM Research Paper on the History of International Terrorism Institute In this research paper, there is a timeline that has been developed featuring important time-periods and major events that occurred in the history of international terrorism. Building up to the timeline, there is some thought given to the word terrorism and how it has changed its meaning and interpretations through the course of history and how modern terrorism differs from that of the past. The perspective here is purely neutral, and not religiously or ethnically motivated. The report may be useful for those wishing to trace the history of terrorist acts throughout the world and how different religious-extremist... or...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

The History of Terrorism in the United States

...The History of Terrorism in the United States Introduction: Terrorism in the United States The history of terrorism in United States is the sequence of events that occurred in different time periods and have been instrumented by individuals or entities for a cause which could be said as right or wrong. The historians describe the acts of terrorism in the United States as activities against the good interests of mankind while the terrorists are rarely in favor of this statement. The terrorists consider themselves as the freedom fighters for a good cause. Earlier, the acts of terrorism were carried out in the United...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

The History of Terrorism and Special Forces

...The History of Terrorism and Special Forces The History of Terrorism and Special Forces Introduction Terrorism can be defined as astrategic and deliberate use of violence and force towards an identified target in order to disrupt the political atmosphere (Mitchell, 2010). On many occasions, I realized that the terrorists use threats to achieve their goal of influencing political decisions. These deeds of terror have no noble interest in them since they lead to hasty attacks and killings. The United States of America has encountered several terrorist attacks throughout its history. The country deployed Special Forces during attacks to counter the adversities associated with terrorism. An extensive investigation on terrorism has... . Their...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic History of Terrorism for FREE!

Contact Us