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What is the difference between an ionic and a covalent bond How is each formed Explain why ionic compounds dissolve more easily in water than covalent compounds. Include a specific example of each type of compound and the result when each is placed i - Essay Example

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The questions include topics such as ionic and a covalent bonds, ionic compounds, covalent compounds and polymers. Thus the answers give a clearer picture of the topics related to chemistry.
A compound or a molecule is…
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Extract of sample "What is the difference between an ionic and a covalent bond How is each formed Explain why ionic compounds dissolve more easily in water than covalent compounds. Include a specific example of each type of compound and the result when each is placed i"

Download file to see previous pages Further, a covalent bond can be of two types, that is a non-polar covalent bond and a polar covalent bond.
When the bonded together atoms share the electron equally between them, the bond thus formed is known as a non polar covalent bond. As against this, if the electron sharing is not equal and one of the atoms attracts the electron more towards itself, then such a bond is known as a polar covalent bond. On the other hand, in the formation of an ionic bond, the linking together of atoms happens by means of attraction between ions which are oppositely charged. However, there may be some variations in the number of electrons that are exchanged in this process.
When it comes to the ionic bond formation, there is complete transfer of electrons from one bonding atom to another. According to Kind (2003), the ions bearing opposite charges are made to get attracted to each other through electrostatic forces. For example, when sodium chloride is formed by means of ionic bonding, the only electron of sodium which bears a positive charge is lost to the ion of chlorine which has a negative charge on it. This process results in an increase in size of the atom which gains electrons and shrinking of the atom which loses electrons.
On the other hand, in case of covalent bond formation, ions are equally shared between the atoms. Covalent bonds can take place only between atoms having similar ability to lose and gain ions. These bonds are formed between two non-metals bearing the same level of electromagnetism. None of the atoms has the ability or strength to pull electrons from the other. Hence, the covalent compounds stabilize by sharing electrons from the outer molecular orbit, like methane.
The ionic bonds have a high polarity but they do not have any definite shape. Both the melting and boiling points for an ionic bond are quite high. Kind (2003) states that the ionic compounds are solid at room temperature but cannot conduct electricity in this state. However, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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