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Public health and the law - Assignment Example

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The state targets the protection of the public welfare in several aspects such as aversion of harm. The state emphasizes on the provision laws to govern the public in ways of ensuring safety (WTAO,…
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Public health and the law
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Public Health and the Law Public Health and the Law The foremost responsibility of in public health is to offer protection. The state targets the protection of the public welfare in several aspects such as aversion of harm. The state emphasizes on the provision laws to govern the public in ways of ensuring safety (WTAO, 2009). The federal government mainly emphasizes on the implementation of laws through assessment and appropriate actions (RRBC, 2008). There are laws created by the state and the federal government concerning the motor vehicle safety to ensure reduction in road accidents prevalence.
The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is a constitutional law that permits the federal government to create and supervise new safety standards for vehicles and road traffic safety (RRBC, 2008). The statute was meant to respond to the escalating number of cars and the resultant demises and injuries from accidents.
The Highway Safety Act is a constitutional law that was passed to permit the federal government to set standards for motor vehicles and highways. This policy would reduce highway accidents and the associated fatalities significantly.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is a legislative law that was created under the Highway Safety Act. The act outlined various approaches of preventing fatalities related to the operation of motor vehicles (RRBC, 2008). The act designed a campaign to prevent injuries inflicted on the public members by motor vehicles.
The Federal Commercial Driving License (CDL) Laws
The administrative law demands that all commercial drivers must possess a CDL. It considers serious commercial vehicle violations like exceeding speed limits and the main vehicle violations such as driving under the influence of alcohol (WTAO, 2009).
The laws on insurance
These laws ratified by the legislature necessitate the covers on motor vehicle against accidents and the relevant liabilities connected to the incidence of the insured peril. This ensures prompt treatment of passengers, pedestrians and rehabilitation of the vehicle.
These laws, the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act, the Highway Safety Act, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration enabled several changes in the planning of motor vehicles and the highways (WTAO, 2009). The laws defined the relationship between the human, the motor vehicle and the highway to reduce the possibilities of crashing. The new safety features were included in vehicles such as rests, energy-absorbing steering wheels, shatter-resistant windshields and safety belts (WTAO, 2009). The situations of the roads were upgraded by incorporating well-designed delineated curves, the employment of road signs and utility poles, improved lighting, additional barriers separating the roads into different lanes and the application of guardrails. The highways therefore, offer enough space for driving hence minimizes the chances of crashing of vehicles, which has been a common source of fatal accidents. This has reduced the new designs of vehicles especially the seat belts reduce the magnitude of injuries that could lead to disability.
The Federal CDL Driving Laws has assisted in lowering the prevalence of accidents caused by alcoholism among the drivers. It has coined the standards that require proper skills, training and qualifications for CDL applicants (RRBC, 2008)
The passenger protection laws are administrative laws with varying requirements and are subject to penalties on non-compliance. These the safety-belt use laws that allow the traffic police to stop and check if there is a violation. The child-safety and booster seats are also in practice to protect the young during accidents (WTAO, 2009).
The federal and state governments have to take part in motor vehicle safety. Since 1925, the number of accidents and related fatalities increased tremendously until in 1966, when the situation was reversed upon the intervention of the federal and the state governments (RRBC, 2008).

References
R.R. Bowker Company (RRBC) (2008). American Book Publishing Record: BPR annual cumulative. Michighan: Bowker
World Touring and Automobile Organisation (WTAO) (2009). Traffic engineering & control. (Vol. 30). Michighan: Printerhall, Read More
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