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Human motor development a lifespan approach - Research Paper Example

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Human motor development is a process through which a person passes in the course of his life and refers to the changes that occur during a person’s lifespan. Motor development encompasses changes in movement behavior, which will reflect the association between maturation and…
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Human Motor Development a Lifespan Approach Human motor development is a process through which a person passes in the of his life and refers to the changes that occur during a person’s lifespan. Motor development encompasses changes in movement behavior, which will reflect the association between maturation and the environment a person lives in. Motor development in a lifespan approach will encompass the study of alteration in movement behavior when people are growing and will study the processes that come along with these changes and the factors that will bring about the changes in movement (Haywood & Getchell, 2008). The lifespan approach studies an individual over the relapsing and progressive stages of growth.
Socialization in human motor development is very important because through it people learn who they are and how we are connected to other people. When a child is born, the process of socialization starts and this period is most crucial for the process because it is at this stage that we acquire identities like culture, language and acquire personality. This process continues further even into adult life. As a child grows, it enters into different stages and are expected to socialize with different people. There are different ways that are used to teach socialization to their children as they grow (ONeil, 2011). Formal education, one of the ways, is the knowledge that teachers pass onto children and is a crucial period for children as they grow into adults so as to socialize properly with the people with whom they will interact. The other one is informal education which can be passed on through many forums and it involves imitating what is done by others, experimenting and practicing basic skills that are being done by others.
Cognitive development is the growth of the thought process which includes the ability to remember things and events, solve problems, and arrive to decisions through from childhood to adult hood. It is known that babies start to be interested in their surroundings and to explore them from birth. As children go through different levels of growth, they are able to for example, smile, recognize close family members, respond to name become inquisitive and do various other things as they undergo cognitive development. Unless the child undergoes cognitive impairment, or the affecting of this process by factors like autism and other leaning disabilities or illnesses, this process is systematic throughout life.
When there is deprivation, research has shown that it affects motor development. Children who have been brought up in poor conditions tend to do poorly in intelligence tests. To a large extent, this can be attributed to the lack of food during the brain’s formative years. It has been observed that children in developing countries who have suffered malnutrition have some degree of leaning difficulties
The nervous system plays a crucial role in motor skill development, and this is where sense comes into play. The nervous system will start developing after a child is born and this will play a crucial role in determining the actions that it takes (Liset, 2009). Kinesthetic sense is important in movement as it will give the child ability to move and control movements. The brain is also useful in this process as it will allow the body to know the right movements to make.
Finally, as a child grows and matures, it will get strength in the body parts which will make it able to move as it will be stronger each day hence allowing it to move. Muscles which control movement will grow progressively and this will facilitate movement and as years pass, the child is able to coordinate and be able to move control its movements.
References
Haywood, K & Getchell, N (2008). Life Span Motor Development. Auckland: Human Kinetics.
John, C. M. & Michael, E. (2004). Human Sensory Stimulation and Deprivation: Positron
Emission Tomographic Results and Strategies. Ann Neurol., 15: 50–60.
Kail, R. K. & Cavanaugh, J. C. (2012). Human Development: A Life-Span View. Boulevard:
Cengage Learning.
Liset, G. (2009). Sensory Motor Learning: Developing a Kinesthetic Sense in Throws.
Retrieved on April 9, 2012 from:
ONeil, D. (2011). Socialization.
Retrieved on April 9, 2012 from:
http://anthro.palomar.edu/social/soc_1.htm Read More
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