Nobody downloaded yet

Biology paper : Virology - Analysis of a published research paper - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Calcivirus infect a wide range of animal species, causing a plethora of symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, and urinary tract infections. The first reports of the epidemic caused by this group of virus was from Norwalk, Ohio in 1968; hence the name Norwalk virus…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.5% of users find it useful
Biology paper : Virology - Analysis of a published research paper
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Biology paper : Virology - Analysis of a published research paper"

Download file to see previous pages On the basis of genomic sequence and organization the human Calciviruses have been placed the general NoVs and Sapovirus in 2002 by International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Prior to this certain other terms such as “Norwalk like viruses” and “Sapporo-like Viruses” were temporarily used terms for these two general respectively. Both of these agents are the causal agents of acute non-bacterial gastroenteritis, the former in all age groups, latter more commonly infects children (Schwab & Hurst, 281).
NoVses have now been recognized to be foodborne enteric pathogens of prime significance globally. Two third of the foodborne gastroenteritis incidences in US have been attributed to NoVs with approximately 23million cases reported annually. Commonly reported in children, elderly and the immunocompromised; the infection is widely prevalent in adults visiting or residing in hospitals, developing countries and areas with compact residential establishments. Next to Rotaviruses, NoVs have been identified as the major cause of gastroenteritis in children below five years of age (Koo et al., 1673). Now classified in to five genogroups (GI-GV), the strain identified to be dominant pathogen worldwide is genotype 4 belonging to genogroup II (GII.4), and has been responsible for three global pandemics in last decade (Siebenga et al., 1).
The NoVs have irregular surface characteristics and hence are termed as small-round structured viruses (SRSVs), The Sapovirus are characterized by “Star of David” morphology. These are small icosahedral and unenveloped viruses, 27 to 30 nm in diameter. The genome comprises of 7,000 to 8000 nucleotide long, single stranded, positive sense, 3’ polyadenylated RNA (Schwab & Hurst, 2006). The genome in NoVs has three open reading frames (ORFs), ORF1 encoding a non-structural protein further cleaved in to 6 proteins including an RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). ORF2 and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Biology paper : Virology - Analysis of a published research paper Essay”, n.d.)
Biology paper : Virology - Analysis of a published research paper Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1591375-biology-paper-virology-analysis-of-a-published-research-paper
(Biology Paper : Virology - Analysis of a Published Research Paper Essay)
Biology Paper : Virology - Analysis of a Published Research Paper Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1591375-biology-paper-virology-analysis-of-a-published-research-paper.
“Biology Paper : Virology - Analysis of a Published Research Paper Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1591375-biology-paper-virology-analysis-of-a-published-research-paper.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Biology paper : Virology - Analysis of a published research paper

Critique of a published research paper

...?Critique of a published research paper Study type In this review I will analyze a randomized experimental, mixed design (quantitative and qualitative) study conducted in clinical settings (Shadish et al 2002). It is experimental study because it tries to test a hypothesis on a randomized cohort group of surgeons, anesthesiologists and other staff in the operational room, in clinical settings in one hospital. This is a quantitative study because it presents quantitative information’s about the incidences and etiology of different types of distractions in one operational room. It is also qualitative because in essence it researches one qualitative subject – the human...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

MBTI Analysis Research Paper

...HERE HERE YOUR HERE HERE Personality Analysis Paper BACKGROUND OF MBTI ANALYSIS The Myer-Briggs Type Indicator describes the different personality-related characteristics that act as predictors for the type of career and lifestyle a person will lead. The index describes four different personality traits based on Jung’s psychological theories as they relate to extraversion, sensing, feeling and judging characteristics. The level to which the individual taking the assessment experiences higher volumes of each characteristic determines how excessively one identifies with a certain trait over another. For instance, extraversion versus intraversion determines the level to which a person is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Critical Analysis Research Paper

...? ‘Desiree’s Baby Critical Analysis The story ‘Desiree’s Baby’ by Kate Chopin is one that succeeds in showing the problems associated with racism. Evidently, the writer manages to convey the sufferings and pain associated with being a black or a mulatto in the society. However, in the effort to portray the issue, the story goes defective in many places in technical subtitles. The most important one is that Armand - the male figure - is presented as a selfish, foolish, villain who changes his colors every now and then, and the female figures are presented as angels came down to earth who are so virtuous that they fail to understand the problem of race and color that existed in society. The first issue arises when the...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Cancer Biology Research Paper

...to its phenotype. The metabolic phenotype of this cell is monitored by the changes in the genetic structure of the cells as well as the changes that are taking place outside the cancerous cells in the normal tissues. It was deduced that the changes in the metabolism are a very significant feature of the cancer cells and they form the basis for the rapid multiplication of these cells. Cancerous signals are transmitted to these cells which result in the cascade of duplication. The target of these biologists and researches is to find a way to slow down the metabolism of the tumor “progression” so as to enhance the treatment of cancer and produce excellent results (Cairns et al. 2011). In order to understand the complex...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Biology Research Paper on Galactosemia

...? Galactosemia Galactosemia Introduction Galactosemia refers to a hereditary disease that can lead to conditions such as cirrhosisin infants, as well as other negative effects if there is no quick diagnosis. The disease stems from high levels of sugar in milk, in the blood. These high galactose levels result from the lack of the liver enzyme necessary for the metabolism of this sugar. This paper aims at discussing a disease known as galactosemia. The paper will discuss the protein enzyme that is malfunctioning. In addition, the paper will include how common the disease is, the symptoms of the disease, and the therapy used in the treatment of the disease. The malfunctioning enzyme There...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Statistical Analysis Research Paper

...Table of Contents S. No. Topic Page # A Define "association" in statistics. Explain how association is identified and demonstrated. 2 B Define "causation" in statistical analysis. Describe at least two factors that influence relationships between two variables and can lead to misinterpretation of data analysis. 4 C Explain when it is appropriate to use averages when computing correlations. Explain what statisticians should be aware of when doing this. 5 D Bibliography 6 A. Define "association" in statistics. Explain how association is identified and demonstrated. The term "Association" in statistics is used when we try to relate two variables. This concept is usually...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Biology Research Paper

...Effect of light during infancy on the function of brain Introduction The effect of light on the plant kingdom is very well appreciated. Animals also need light, whether it is to hunt or escape from the predator or any other activity. Light is one of the five sensory inputs for the brain. Light is perceived and transmitted as electrical impulses to the brain. Loss of this input during development or infancy may affect the development and function of the brain during adulthood. Hypothesis The function of brain like cognition, memory and learning are dependent on vision as the input, further development of brain may be affected if one is deprived to this basic input. Therefore the hypothesis is that "Light deprivation during fetal... of light...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Critical Analysis of published research paper

...uncontrollably happening—which had urged and is continually urging many to uncover some facts that surround it through research. Such researches have heralded attention not only from the people engaged in the provision of care but also from its recipients and from the rest of the world to see whether proposed actions by the researchers can be efficiently applied and make used of. The research paper done by Bohomol, Ramos, and D’Innocenzo (2009) entitled “Medication errors in an intensive care unit” is one of those researches focused in the subject of medication errors in a specialized unit—the intensive care unit (ICU). In this...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Biology research paper

...Research paper on the effects of monopolization of carbon and nutrients by Alliaria petiolata to other plants Introduction The term ‘allelopathy’ was introduced in early 1937 by Molisch when he discovered that there existed both detrimental and beneficial biological interactions among all plants and microorganism (Rivzi 1). His discovery aided Rice in coming up with a more clear definition of allelopathy. According to Rice, allelopathy is any effect (beneficial or harmful) by one plant or microorganism on another via excretion of chemical compounds to the environment (Rivzi 1). Since then, many researches have been carried out to determine the beneficial and detrimental impacts of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Biology paper

...Chimpanzee Chimpanzees are human’s closest living relatives, sharing approximatelythan 98 percent of human genetic structure. Humans and chimpanzee are believed to share a similar forefather who lived some four to eight million years ago. In addition, Chimpanzees live in social groups of numerous dozen chimpanzees and can divide themselves to African woodlands, rainforests and grasslands. Chimpanzees are family members of the Hominidae, together with gorillas, orangutans and humans. Chimpanzees differed from the human family group long time ago. They are seen to be the nearest living relatives of human beings. Human beings are members of the tribe Hominina together with vanishing species of sub-tribe Hominina. Also, Chimpanzees... Chimpanzees ...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Biology paper : Virology - Analysis of a published research paper for FREE!

Contact Us